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stat(2) [ultrix man page]

stat(2) 							System Calls Manual							   stat(2)

       stat, lstat, fstat - get file status

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <sys/stat.h>

       stat(path, buf)
       char *path;
       struct stat *buf;

       lstat(path, buf)
       char *path;
       struct stat *buf;

       fstat(fd, buf)
       int fd;
       struct stat *buf;

       The  system  call  obtains  information about the file path.  Read, write, or execute permission of the named file is not required, but all
       directories specified in the path name that leads to the file must be reachable.

       The system call is like except when a named file is a symbolic link.  In this instance, returns information about the link; returns  infor-
       mation about the file that is referenced by the link.

       The system call and the system call obtain the same information about an open file referenced by the argument descriptor.

       The buf is a pointer to a structure.  Information about a file is placed in the structure.  The contents of the structure pointed to by buf
       includes the following:
       struct stat {
	 dev_t	 st_dev;    /* device inode resides on */
	 ino_t	 st_ino;    /* this inode's number */
	 u_short st_mode;   /* protection */
	 short	 st_nlink;  /* number or hard links to the file */
	 short	 st_uid;    /* user-id of owner */
	 short	 st_gid;    /* group-id of owner */
	 dev_t	 st_rdev;   /* the device type, for inode that is device */
	 off_t	 st_size;   /* total size of file */
	 time_t  st_atime;  /* file last access time */
	 int	 st_spare1;
	 time_t  st_mtime;   /* file last modify time */
	 int	 st_spare2;
	 time_t  st_ctime;   /* file last status change time */
	 int	 st_spare3;
	 long st_blksize; /* optimal blocksize for file system i/o ops */
	 long st_blocks;  /* actual number of blocks allocated */
	 long st_spare4;
	 u_long st_gennum; /* file generation number */

       st_atime    The time when file data was last accessed.  This is changed by the system calls and For efficiency, st_atime is not set when  a
		   directory is searched.

       st_mtime    The	time  when  data  was last modified.  It is not set by changes of owner, group, link count, or mode.  It is changed by the
		   system calls and

       st_ctime    The time when file status was last changed.	It is set by writing and changing the i-node. It can be changed by  the  following
		   system calls: and

       The status information word st_mode has the following bits:
       #define S_IFMT	0170000 /* type of file */
       #define S_IFDIR	0040000 /* directory */
       #define S_IFCHR	0020000 /* character special */
       #define S_IFBLK	0060000 /* block special */
       #define S_IFREG	0100000 /* regular */
       #define S_IFLNK	0120000 /* symbolic link */
       #define S_IFSOCK 0140000 /* socket */
       #define S_IFIFO	0010000 /* FIFO - named pipe */
       #define S_ISUID	0004000 /* set user id on execution */
       #define S_ISGID	0002000 /* set group id on execution */
       #define S_ISVTX	0001000 /* save swapped text even after use */
       #define S_IREAD	0000400 /* read permission, owner */
       #define S_IWRITE 0000200 /* write permission, owner */
       #define S_IEXEC	0000100 /* execute/search permission, owner */
       The mode bits 0000070 and 0000007 encode group and others permissions.  For further information, see

       When fd is associated with a pipe, returns a buffer with only st_blksize set.


       Unlike the System V definition, ELOOP is a possible error condition.

       Applying to a socket returns a zeroed buffer and [EOPNOTSUPP].

       The  fields in the stat structure marked st_spare1, st_spare2, and st_spare3 are used when inode time stamps expand to 64 bits.	This, how-
       ever, can break certain programs that depend on the time stamps being contiguous in calls to

Return Values
       Upon successful completion, a value of zero (0) is returned.  Otherwise, a value of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.

       The and system calls fail if any of the following is true:

       [EACCES]       Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix.

       [EFAULT]       The buf or name points to an invalid address.

       [EIO]	      An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system.

       [ELOOP]	      Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname.

       [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeds 255 characters, or an entire path name exceeds 1023 characters.

       [ENOENT]       The named file does not exist or path points to an empty string and the environment defined is POSIX or SYSTEM_FIVE.

       [ENOTDIR]      A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

       The system call fails if one or more of the following are true:

       [EBADF]	      The fildes is not a valid open file descriptor.

       [EFAULT]       The buf points to an invalid address.

       [EIO]	      An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system.

       [EOPNOTSUPP]   The file descriptor points to a socket.

       [ETIMEDOUT]    A connect request or remote file operation failed because the connected party did not respond after a period of time  deter-
		      mined by the communications protocol.

See Also
       chmod(2), chown(2), link(2), mknod(2), read(2), unlink(2), utimes(2), write(2)

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