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creat(2) [ultrix man page]

creat(2)							System Calls Manual							  creat(2)

       creat - create a new file

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <sys/stat.h>
       #include <fcntl.h>

       #include <limits.h> /*Definition of OPEN_MAX*/
       creat(name, mode)
       char *name;
       mode_t mode;

       The  system  call creates a new file or prepares to rewrite an existing file called name, given as the address of a null-terminated string.
       If the file did not exist, it is given mode mode, as modified by the process's mode mask.  For further information, see Also, see  for  the
       construction of the mode argument.

       If the file did exist, its mode and owner remain unchanged, but it is truncated to zero length.

       The file is also opened for writing, and its file descriptor is returned.

       The mode given is arbitrary; it need not allow writing.	This feature has been used in the past by programs to construct a simple exclusive
       locking mechanism.  It is replaced by the O_EXCL open mode, or facility.

       No process may have more than OPEN_MAX files simultaneously.

Return Values
       The value -1 is returned if an error occurs.  Otherwise, the call returns a non-negative descriptor that permits only writing.

       Differs from the System V definition in that ELOOP and ENXIO are possible error conditions, but ENFILE and ENOSPC are not.

       The system call fails and the file is not created or truncated under the following conditions:

       [ENOTDIR]      A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

       [EACCES]       Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix.

       [EACCES]       The file does not exist, and the directory in which it is to be created is not writable.

       [EACCES]       The file exists, but it is unwritable.

       [EISDIR]       The file is a directory.

       [EMFILE]       Too many files are open.

       [EROFS]	      The named file resides on a read-only file system.

       [ENXIO]	      The file is a character special or block special file, and the associated device does not exist.

       [ETXTBSY]      The file is a pure procedure (shared text) file that is being executed.

       [EFAULT]       The name points outside the process's allocated address space.

       [ELOOP]	      Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname.

       [EOPNOTSUPP]   The file is a socket, which is not implemented.

       [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an entire pathname exceeded 1023 characters.

       [ENOENT]       The named file does not exist.

       [ENFILE]       The system file table is full.

       [ENOSPC]       The directory in which the entry for the new file is being placed cannot be extended, because there is no space left on  the
		      file system containing the directory.

       [ENOSPC]       There are no free inodes on the file system on which the file is being created.

       [EDQUOT]       The directory in which the entry for the new file is being placed cannot be extended because the user's quota of disk blocks
		      on the file system containing the directory has been exhausted.

       [EDQUOT]       The user's quota of inodes on the file system on which the file is being created has been exhausted.

       [EIO]	      An I/O error occurred while making the directory entry or allocating the inode.

       [ESTALE]       The ``file handle'' given in the argument is invalid.  The file referred to by that file handle no longer exists or has been

       [ETIMEDOUT]    A  connect  request  or  remote file operation failed because the connected party did not properly respond after a period of
		      time that is dependent on the communications protocol.

See Also
       close(2), chmod(2), open(2), umask(2), write(2)

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