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kcalloc(9) [suse man page]

KCALLOC(9)						    Memory Management in Linux							KCALLOC(9)

NAME
kcalloc - allocate memory for an array. The memory is set to zero. SYNOPSIS
void * kcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags); ARGUMENTS
n number of elements. size element size. flags the type of memory to allocate. DESCRIPTION
The flags argument may be one of: GFP_USER - Allocate memory on behalf of user. May sleep. GFP_KERNEL - Allocate normal kernel ram. May sleep. GFP_ATOMIC - Allocation will not sleep. May use emergency pools. For example, use this inside interrupt handlers. GFP_HIGHUSER - Allocate pages from high memory. GFP_NOIO - Do not do any I/O at all while trying to get memory. GFP_NOFS - Do not make any fs calls while trying to get memory. GFP_NOWAIT - Allocation will not sleep. GFP_THISNODE - Allocate node-local memory only. GFP_DMA - Allocation suitable for DMA. Should only be used for kmalloc caches. Otherwise, use a slab created with SLAB_DMA. Also it is possible to set different flags by OR'ing in one or more of the following additional flags: __GFP_COLD - Request cache-cold pages instead of trying to return cache-warm pages. __GFP_HIGH - This allocation has high priority and may use emergency pools. __GFP_NOFAIL - Indicate that this allocation is in no way allowed to fail (think twice before using). __GFP_NORETRY - If memory is not immediately available, then give up at once. __GFP_NOWARN - If allocation fails, don't issue any warnings. __GFP_REPEAT - If allocation fails initially, try once more before failing. There are other flags available as well, but these are not intended for general use, and so are not documented here. For a full list of potential flags, always refer to linux/gfp.h. COPYRIGHT
Kernel Hackers Manual 2.6. July 2010 KCALLOC(9)

Check Out this Related Man Page

CONTIGMALLOC(9) 					   BSD Kernel Developer's Manual					   CONTIGMALLOC(9)

NAME
contigmalloc, contigfree -- manage contiguous kernel physical memory SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/malloc.h> void * contigmalloc(unsigned long size, struct malloc_type *type, int flags, vm_paddr_t low, vm_paddr_t high, unsigned long alignment, unsigned long boundary); void contigfree(void *addr, unsigned long size, struct malloc_type *type); DESCRIPTION
The contigmalloc() function allocates size bytes of contiguous physical memory that is aligned to alignment bytes, and which does not cross a boundary of boundary bytes. If successful, the allocation will reside between physical addresses low and high. The returned pointer points to a wired kernel virtual address range of size bytes allocated from the kernel virtual address (KVA) map. The flags parameter modifies contigmalloc()'s behaviour as follows: M_ZERO Causes the allocated physical memory to be zero filled. M_NOWAIT Causes contigmalloc() to return NULL if the request cannot be immediately fulfilled due to resource shortage. Other flags (if present) are ignored. The contigfree() function deallocates memory allocated by a previous call to contigmalloc(). IMPLEMENTATION NOTES
The contigmalloc() function does not sleep waiting for memory resources to be freed up, but instead actively reclaims pages before giving up. However, unless M_NOWAIT is specified, it may select a page for reclamation that must first be written to backing storage, causing it to sleep. RETURN VALUES
The contigmalloc() function returns a kernel virtual address if allocation succeeds, or NULL otherwise. EXAMPLES
void *p; p = contigmalloc(8192, M_DEVBUF, M_ZERO, 0, (1L << 22), 32 * 1024, 1024 * 1024); Ask for 8192 bytes of zero-filled memory residing between physical address 0 and 4194303 inclusive, aligned to a 32K boundary and not cross- ing a 1M address boundary. DIAGNOSTICS
The contigmalloc() function will panic if size is zero, or if alignment or boundary is not a power of two. SEE ALSO
malloc(9), memguard(9) BSD
July 19, 2007 BSD

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