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net::hostent(3pm) [suse man page]

Net::hostent(3pm)					 Perl Programmers Reference Guide					 Net::hostent(3pm)

NAME
Net::hostent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in gethost*() functions SYNOPSIS
use Net::hostent; DESCRIPTION
This module's default exports override the core gethostbyname() and gethostbyaddr() functions, replacing them with versions that return "Net::hostent" objects. This object has methods that return the similarly named structure field name from the C's hostent structure from netdb.h; namely name, aliases, addrtype, length, and addr_list. The aliases and addr_list methods return array reference, the rest scalars. The addr method is equivalent to the zeroth element in the addr_list array reference. You may also import all the structure fields directly into your namespace as regular variables using the :FIELDS import tag. (Note that this still overrides your core functions.) Access these fields as variables named with a preceding "h_". Thus, "$host_obj->name()" corresponds to $h_name if you import the fields. Array references are available as regular array variables, so for example "@{ $host_obj->aliases() }" would be simply @h_aliases. The gethost() function is a simple front-end that forwards a numeric argument to gethostbyaddr() by way of Socket::inet_aton, and the rest to gethostbyname(). To access this functionality without the core overrides, pass the "use" an empty import list, and then access function functions with their full qualified names. On the other hand, the built-ins are still available via the "CORE::" pseudo-package. EXAMPLES
use Net::hostent; use Socket; @ARGV = ('netscape.com') unless @ARGV; for $host ( @ARGV ) { unless ($h = gethost($host)) { warn "$0: no such host: $host "; next; } printf " %s is %s%s ", $host, lc($h->name) eq lc($host) ? "" : "*really* ", $h->name; print " aliases are ", join(", ", @{$h->aliases}), " " if @{$h->aliases}; if ( @{$h->addr_list} > 1 ) { my $i; for $addr ( @{$h->addr_list} ) { printf " addr #%d is [%s] ", $i++, inet_ntoa($addr); } } else { printf " address is [%s] ", inet_ntoa($h->addr); } if ($h = gethostbyaddr($h->addr)) { if (lc($h->name) ne lc($host)) { printf " That addr reverses to host %s! ", $h->name; $host = $h->name; redo; } } } NOTE
While this class is currently implemented using the Class::Struct module to build a struct-like class, you shouldn't rely upon this. AUTHOR
Tom Christiansen perl v5.12.1 2010-04-26 Net::hostent(3pm)

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Net::netent(3pm)					 Perl Programmers Reference Guide					  Net::netent(3pm)

NAME
Net::netent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getnet*() functions SYNOPSIS
use Net::netent qw(:FIELDS); getnetbyname("loopback") or die "bad net"; printf "%s is %08X ", $n_name, $n_net; use Net::netent; $n = getnetbyname("loopback") or die "bad net"; { # there's gotta be a better way, eh? @bytes = unpack("C4", pack("N", $n->net)); shift @bytes while @bytes && $bytes[0] == 0; } printf "%s is %08X [%d.%d.%d.%d] ", $n->name, $n->net, @bytes; DESCRIPTION
This module's default exports override the core getnetbyname() and getnetbyaddr() functions, replacing them with versions that return "Net::netent" objects. This object has methods that return the similarly named structure field name from the C's netent structure from netdb.h; namely name, aliases, addrtype, and net. The aliases method returns an array reference, the rest scalars. You may also import all the structure fields directly into your namespace as regular variables using the :FIELDS import tag. (Note that this still overrides your core functions.) Access these fields as variables named with a preceding "n_". Thus, "$net_obj->name()" corresponds to $n_name if you import the fields. Array references are available as regular array variables, so for example "@{ $net_obj->aliases() }" would be simply @n_aliases. The getnet() function is a simple front-end that forwards a numeric argument to getnetbyaddr(), and the rest to getnetbyname(). To access this functionality without the core overrides, pass the "use" an empty import list, and then access function functions with their full qualified names. On the other hand, the built-ins are still available via the "CORE::" pseudo-package. EXAMPLES
The getnet() functions do this in the Perl core: sv_setiv(sv, (I32)nent->n_net); The gethost() functions do this in the Perl core: sv_setpvn(sv, hent->h_addr, len); That means that the address comes back in binary for the host functions, and as a regular perl integer for the net ones. This seems a bug, but here's how to deal with it: use strict; use Socket; use Net::netent; @ARGV = ('loopback') unless @ARGV; my($n, $net); for $net ( @ARGV ) { unless ($n = getnetbyname($net)) { warn "$0: no such net: $net "; next; } printf " %s is %s%s ", $net, lc($n->name) eq lc($net) ? "" : "*really* ", $n->name; print " aliases are ", join(", ", @{$n->aliases}), " " if @{$n->aliases}; # this is stupid; first, why is this not in binary? # second, why am i going through these convolutions # to make it looks right { my @a = unpack("C4", pack("N", $n->net)); shift @a while @a && $a[0] == 0; printf " addr is %s [%d.%d.%d.%d] ", $n->net, @a; } if ($n = getnetbyaddr($n->net)) { if (lc($n->name) ne lc($net)) { printf " That addr reverses to net %s! ", $n->name; $net = $n->name; redo; } } } NOTE
While this class is currently implemented using the Class::Struct module to build a struct-like class, you shouldn't rely upon this. AUTHOR
Tom Christiansen perl v5.18.2 2013-11-04 Net::netent(3pm)

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