# pow(3m) [sunos man page]

pow(3M) Mathematical Library Functions pow(3M)NAME

pow, powf, powl - power functionSYNOPSIS

cc [ flag... ] file...[ library... ] #include <math.h> double pow(double x, double y); float powf(float x, float y); long double powl(long double x, long double y);-lmDESCRIPTION

These functions compute the value of x raised to the power y, x**y. If x is negative, y must be an integer value.RETURN VALUES

Upon successful completion, these functions return the value of x raised to the power y. For finite values of x < 0, and finite non-integer values of y, a domain error occurs and either a NaN (if representable), or an implemen- tation-defined value shall be returned. If the correct value would cause overflow, a range error occurs and pow(), powf(), and powl() return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, and HUGE_VALL, respectively. If x or y is a NaN, a NaN is returned unless: o For any finite value of y, if x is +1 and y is either +-Inf or NaN and the application is SUSv3-conforming (see standards(5)), 1.0 is returned. o For any value of x (including NaN), if y is +-0, 1.0 is returned. For any odd integer value of y > 0, if x is +-0, +-0 is returned. For y > 0 and not an odd integer, if x is +-0, +0 is returned. If x is, and y is +-Inf, 1.0 is returned. For |x| < 1, if y is-1, +Inf is returned. For |x| > 1, if y is-Inf, +0 is returned. For |x| < 1, if y is +Inf, +0 is returned. For |x| > 1, if y is +Inf, +Inf is returned. For y an odd integer < 0, if x is-Inf,-Infis returned. For y < 0 and not an odd integer, if x is-0, +0 is returned. For y an odd integer > 0, if x is-Inf,-Infis returned. For y > 0 and not an odd integer, if x is-Inf, +Inf is returned. For y < 0, if x is +Inf, +0 is returned. For y > 0, if x is +Inf, +Inf is returned. For y an odd integer < 0, if x is +-0, a pole error occurs and +-HUGE_VAL, +-HUGE_VALF, and +-HUGE_VALL are returned for pow(), powf(), and powl(), respectively. For y < 0 and not an odd integer, if x is +-0, a pole error occurs and HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, and HUGE_VALL are returned for pow(), powf(), and powl(), respectively. For exceptional cases, matherr(3M) tabulates the values to be returned by pow() as specified by SVID3 and XPG3.-InfERRORS

These functions will fail if: Domain Error The value of x is negative and y is a finite non-integer. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, the invalid floating-point exception is raised. The pow() function sets errno to EDOM if the value of x is negative and y is non-integral. Pole Error The value of x is 0 and y is negative. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, the divide-by-zero floating-point exception is raised. Range Error The result overflows. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, the overflow floating-point exception is raised. The pow() function sets errno to EDOM if the value to be returned would cause overflow.USAGE

An application wanting to check for exceptions should call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an exception has been raised. An application should either examine the return value or check the floating point exception flags to detect exceptions. An application can also set errno to 0 before calling pow(). On return, if errno is non-zero, an error has occurred. The powf() and powl() functions do not set errno.ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Interface Stability |Standard | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |MT-Level |MT-Safe | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+SEE ALSO

exp(3M), feclearexcept(3M), fetestexcept(3M), isnan(3M), math.h(3HEAD), matherr(3M), attributes(5), standards(5)NOTES

Prior to Solaris 2.6, there was a conflict between the pow function in this library and the pow function in the libmp library. This con- flict was resolved by prepending mp_ to all functions in the libmp library. See mp(3MP) for details.SunOS 5.101 Nov 2003 pow(3M)