Visit The New, Modern Unix Linux Community

Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Test Your Knowledge in Computers #240
Difficulty: Easy
In 1973, a transatlantic satellite link connected the Norwegian Seismic Array (NORSAR) to the ARPANET, making Norway the first country outside the US to be connected to the network.
True or False?
Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

setvbuf(3c) [sunos man page]

setbuf(3C)						   Standard C Library Functions 						setbuf(3C)

NAME
setbuf, setvbuf - assign buffering to a stream SYNOPSIS
#include <stdio.h> void setbuf(FILE *stream, char *buf); int setvbuf(FILE *stream, char *buf, int type, size_t size); DESCRIPTION
The setbuf() function may be used after the stream pointed to by stream (see intro(3)) is opened but before it is read or written. It causes the array pointed to by buf to be used instead of an automatically allocated buffer. If buf is the null pointer, input/output will be completely unbuffered. The constant BUFSIZ, defined in the <stdio.h> header, indicates the size of the array pointed to by buf. The setvbuf() function may be used after a stream is opened but before it is read or written. The type argument determines how stream will be buffered. Legal values for type (defined in <stdio.h>) are: _IOFBF Input/output to be fully buffered. _IOLBF Output to be line buffered; the buffer will be flushed when a NEWLINE is written, the buffer is full, or input is requested. _IONBF Input/output to be completely unbuffered. If buf is not the null pointer, the array it points to will be used for buffering, instead of an automatically allocated buffer. The size argument specifies the size of the buffer to be used. If input/output is unbuffered, buf and size are ignored. For a further discussion of buffering, see stdio(3C). RETURN VALUES
If an illegal value for type is provided, setvbuf() returns a non-zero value. Otherwise, it returns 0. USAGE
A common source of error is allocating buffer space as an "automatic" variable in a code block, and then failing to close the stream in the same block. When using setbuf(), buf should always be sized using BUFSIZ. If the array pointed to by buf is larger than BUFSIZ, a portion of buf will not be used. If buf is smaller than BUFSIZ, other memory may be unexpectedly overwritten. Parts of buf will be used for internal bookkeeping of the stream and, therefore, buf will contain less than size bytes when full. It is recommended that stdio(3C) be used to handle buffer allocation when using setvbuf(). ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Interface Stability |Standard | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |MT-Level |MT-Safe | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ SEE ALSO
fopen(3C), getc(3C), malloc(3C), putc(3C), stdio(3C), attributes(5), standards(5) SunOS 5.10 14 Aug 2002 setbuf(3C)

Check Out this Related Man Page

setbuf(3s)																setbuf(3s)

Name
       setbuf, setbuffer, setlinebuf, setvbuf - assign buffering to a stream

Syntax
       #include <stdio.h>

       void setbuf(stream, buf)
       FILE *stream;
       char *buf;

       void setbuffer(stream, buf, size)
       FILE *stream;
       char *buf;
       int size;

       void setlinebuf(stream)
       FILE *stream;

       int setvbuf(stream, buf, type, size)
       FILE *stream;
       char *buf;
       int type; size_t size;

Description
       The three types of buffering available are unbuffered, block buffered, and line buffered.  When an output stream is unbuffered, information
       appears on the destination file or terminal as soon as written; when it is block buffered many characters are saved up  and  written  as  a
       block;  when  it  is line buffered characters are saved up until a new line is encountered or input is read from stdin.	The routine may be
       used to force the block out early.  Normally all files are block buffered.  For further information, see A buffer is obtained from upon the
       first  or  on  the  file.   If  the  standard stream stdout refers to a terminal it is line buffered.  The standard stream stderr is always
       unbuffered.

       The routine is used after a stream has been opened but before it is read or written.  The character array buf is used instead of  an  auto-
       matically  allocated  buffer.  If buf is the constant pointer NULL, input/output will be completely unbuffered.	A manifest constant BUFSIZ
       tells how big an array is needed:
       char buf[BUFSIZ];

       The routine, an alternate form of is used after a stream has been opened but before it is read or written.  The character array	buf  whose
       size  is  determined  by  the  size  argument  is  used instead of an automatically allocated buffer.  If buf is the constant pointer NULL,
       input/output will be completely unbuffered.

       The routine is used to change stdout or stderr from block buffered or unbuffered to line buffered.  Unlike and it can be used at  any  time
       that the file descriptor is active.

       The  routine  may  be  used  after a stream has been opened but before it is read or written.  Type determines how stream will be buffered.
       Legal values for type, defined in stdio.h are:

	_IOFBF	      causes input/output to be fully buffered.

	_IOLBF	      causes output to be line buffered; the buffer will be flushed when a new line is written, the buffer is full,  or  input	is
		      requested.

	_IONBF	      causes input/output to be completely unbuffered.

       If  buf is not the NULL pointer, the array it points to will be used for buffering, instead of an automatically allocated buffer.  The size
       specifies the size of the buffer to be used.  The constant BUFSIZ in <stdio.h> is suggested as a good  buffer  size.   If  input/output	is
       unbuffered, buf and size are ignored.

       By default, output to a terminal is line buffered and all other input/output is fully buffered.

       A  file	can be changed from unbuffered or line buffered to block buffered by using For further information, see A file can be changed from
       block buffered or line buffered to unbuffered by using followed by with a buffer argument of NULL.

Restrictions
       The standard error stream should be line buffered by default.

       The and functions are not portable to non 4.2 BSD versions of UNIX.

See Also
       malloc(3), fclose(3s), fopen(3s), fread(3s), getc(3s), printf(3s), putc(3s), puts(3s).

																	setbuf(3s)

Featured Tech Videos