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yppasswd(1) [sunos man page]

yppasswd(1)							   User Commands						       yppasswd(1)

NAME
yppasswd - change your network password in the NIS database SYNOPSIS
yppasswd [username] DESCRIPTION
The yppasswd utility changes the network password associated with the user username in the Network Information Service (NIS) database. If the user has done a keylogin(1), and a publickey/secretkey pair exists for the user in the NIS publickey.byname map, yppasswd also re- encrypts the secretkey with the new password. The NIS password may be different from the local one on your own machine. yppasswd prompts for the old NIS password, and then for the new one. You must type in the old password correctly for the change to take effect. The new password must be typed twice, to forestall mistakes. New passwords must be at least four characters long, if they use a sufficiently rich alphabet, and at least six characters long if mono- case. These rules are relaxed if you are insistent enough. Only the owner of the name or the super-user may change a password; superuser on the root master will not be prompted for the old password, and does not need to follow password construction requirements. The NIS password daemon, rpc.yppasswdd must be running on your NIS server in order for the new password to take effect. ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Availability |SUNWnisu | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ SEE ALSO
keylogin(1), login(1), nis+(1), nispasswd(1), passwd(1), getpwnam(3C), getspnam(3C), secure_rpc(3NSL), nsswitch.conf(4), attributes(5) WARNINGS
Even after the user has successfully changed his or her password using this command, the subsequent login(1) using the new password will be successful only if the user's password and shadow information is obtained from NIS. See getpwnam(3C), getspnam(3C), and nsswitch.conf(4). NOTES
The use of yppasswd is discouraged, as it is now only a wrapper around the passwd(1) command, which should be used instead. Using passwd(1) with the -r nis option (see nis+(1)) will achieve the same results, and will be consistent across all the different name services avail- able. BUGS
The update protocol passes all the information to the server in one RPC call, without ever looking at it. Thus, if you type your old pass- word incorrectly, you will not be notified until after you have entered your new password. SunOS 5.10 28 Nov 2001 yppasswd(1)

Check Out this Related Man Page

PASSWD(1)						    BSD General Commands Manual 						 PASSWD(1)

NAME
passwd, yppasswd -- modify a user's password SYNOPSIS
passwd [-l] [user] yppasswd [-l] [-y] [-d domain] [-h host] [-o] DESCRIPTION
The passwd utility changes the user's local, Kerberos, or NIS password. If the user is not the super-user, passwd first prompts for the cur- rent password and will not continue unless the correct password is entered. When entering the new password, the characters entered do not echo, in order to avoid the password being seen by a passer-by. The passwd utility prompts for the new password twice in order to detect typing errors. The total length of the password must be less than _PASSWORD_LEN (currently 128 characters). Once the password has been verified, passwd communicates the new password information to the Kerberos authenticating host. The following option is available: -l Cause the password to be updated only in the local password file, and not with the Kerberos database. When changing only the local password, pwd_mkdb(8) is used to update the password databases. When changing local or NIS password, the next password change date is set according to ``passwordtime'' capability in the user's login class. To change another user's Kerberos password, one must first run kinit(1) followed by passwd. The super-user is not required to provide a user's current password if only the local password is modified. NIS INTERACTION
The passwd utility has built-in support for NIS. If a user exists in the NIS password database but does not exist locally, passwd automati- cally switches into yppasswd mode. If the specified user does not exist in either the local password database or the NIS password maps, passwd returns an error. When changing an NIS password, unprivileged users are required to provide their old password for authentication (the rpc.yppasswdd(8) daemon requires the original password before it will allow any changes to the NIS password maps). This restriction applies even to the super-user, with one important exception: the password authentication is bypassed for the super-user on the NIS master server. This means that the super-user on the NIS master server can make unrestricted changes to anyone's NIS password. The super-user on NIS client systems and NIS slave servers still needs to provide a password before the update will be processed. The following additional options are supported for use with NIS: -y Override passwd's checking heuristics and forces it into NIS mode. -l When NIS is enabled, the -l flag can be used to force passwd into ``local only'' mode. This flag can be used to change the entry for a local user when an NIS user exists with the same login name. For example, you will sometimes find entries for system ``placeholder'' users such as bin or daemon in both the NIS password maps and the local user database. By default, passwd will try to change the NIS password. The -l flag can be used to change the local password instead. -d domain Specify what domain to use when changing an NIS password. By default, passwd assumes that the system default domain should be used. This flag is primarily for use by the superuser on the NIS master server: a single NIS server can support multiple domains. It is also possible that the domainname on the NIS master may not be set (it is not necessary for an NIS server to also be a client) in which case the passwd command needs to be told what domain to operate on. -h host Specify the name of an NIS server. This option, in conjunction with the -d option, can be used to change an NIS password on a non- local NIS server. When a domain is specified with the -d option and passwd is unable to determine the name of the NIS master server (possibly because the local domainname is not set), the name of the NIS master is assumed to be ``localhost''. This can be overrid- den with the -h flag. The specified hostname need not be the name of an NIS master: the name of the NIS master for a given map can be determined by querying any NIS server (master or slave) in a domain, so specifying the name of a slave server will work equally well. -o Do not automatically override the password authentication checks for the super-user on the NIS master server; assume ``old'' mode instead. This flag is of limited practical use but is useful for testing. FILES
/etc/master.passwd the user database /etc/passwd a Version 7 format password file /etc/passwd.XXXXXX temporary copy of the password file /etc/login.conf login class capabilities database SEE ALSO
chpass(1), kinit(1), login(1), login.conf(5), passwd(5), kerberos(8), kpasswdd(8), pam_passwdqc(8), pw(8), pwd_mkdb(8), vipw(8) Robert Morris and Ken Thompson, UNIX password security. NOTES
The yppasswd command is really only a link to passwd. HISTORY
A passwd command appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX. BSD
February 14, 2014 BSD

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