
DLALN2(l) ) DLALN2(l)
NAME
DLALN2  solve a system of the form (ca A  w D ) X = s B or (ca A'  w D) X = s B with
possible scaling ("s") and perturbation of A
SYNOPSIS
SUBROUTINE DLALN2( LTRANS, NA, NW, SMIN, CA, A, LDA, D1, D2, B, LDB, WR, WI, X, LDX,
SCALE, XNORM, INFO )
LOGICAL LTRANS
INTEGER INFO, LDA, LDB, LDX, NA, NW
DOUBLE PRECISION CA, D1, D2, SCALE, SMIN, WI, WR, XNORM
DOUBLE PRECISION A( LDA, * ), B( LDB, * ), X( LDX, * )
PURPOSE
DLALN2 solves a system of the form (ca A  w D ) X = s B or (ca A'  w D) X = s B with
possible scaling ("s") and perturbation of A. (A' means Atranspose.) A is an NA x NA
real matrix, ca is a real scalar, D is an NA x NA real diagonal matrix, w is a real or
complex value, and X and B are NA x 1 matrices  real if w is real, complex if w is com
plex. NA may be 1 or 2.
If w is complex, X and B are represented as NA x 2 matrices, the first column of each
being the real part and the second being the imaginary part.
"s" is a scaling factor (.LE. 1), computed by DLALN2, which is so chosen that X can be
computed without overflow. X is further scaled if necessary to assure that norm(ca A  w
D)*norm(X) is less than overflow.
If both singular values of (ca A  w D) are less than SMIN, SMIN*identity will be used
instead of (ca A  w D). If only one singular value is less than SMIN, one element of (ca
A  w D) will be perturbed enough to make the smallest singular value roughly SMIN. If
both singular values are at least SMIN, (ca A  w D) will not be perturbed. In any case,
the perturbation will be at most some small multiple of max( SMIN, ulp*norm(ca A  w D) ).
The singular values are computed by infinitynorm approximations, and thus will only be
correct to a factor of 2 or so.
Note: all input quantities are assumed to be smaller than overflow by a reasonable factor.
(See BIGNUM.)
ARGUMENTS
LTRANS (input) LOGICAL
=.TRUE.: Atranspose will be used.
=.FALSE.: A will be used (not transposed.)
NA (input) INTEGER
The size of the matrix A. It may (only) be 1 or 2.
NW (input) INTEGER
1 if "w" is real, 2 if "w" is complex. It may only be 1 or 2.
SMIN (input) DOUBLE PRECISION
The desired lower bound on the singular values of A. This should be a safe dis
tance away from underflow or overflow, say, between (underflow/machine precision)
and (machine precision * overflow ). (See BIGNUM and ULP.)
CA (input) DOUBLE PRECISION
The coefficient c, which A is multiplied by.
A (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA,NA)
The NA x NA matrix A.
LDA (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of A. It must be at least NA.
D1 (input) DOUBLE PRECISION
The 1,1 element in the diagonal matrix D.
D2 (input) DOUBLE PRECISION
The 2,2 element in the diagonal matrix D. Not used if NW=1.
B (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB,NW)
The NA x NW matrix B (righthand side). If NW=2 ("w" is complex), column 1 con
tains the real part of B and column 2 contains the imaginary part.
LDB (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of B. It must be at least NA.
WR (input) DOUBLE PRECISION
The real part of the scalar "w".
WI (input) DOUBLE PRECISION
The imaginary part of the scalar "w". Not used if NW=1.
X (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDX,NW)
The NA x NW matrix X (unknowns), as computed by DLALN2. If NW=2 ("w" is complex),
on exit, column 1 will contain the real part of X and column 2 will contain the
imaginary part.
LDX (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of X. It must be at least NA.
SCALE (output) DOUBLE PRECISION
The scale factor that B must be multiplied by to insure that overflow does not
occur when computing X. Thus, (ca A  w D) X will be SCALE*B, not B (ignoring
perturbations of A.) It will be at most 1.
XNORM (output) DOUBLE PRECISION
The infinitynorm of X, when X is regarded as an NA x NW real matrix.
INFO (output) INTEGER
An error flag. It will be set to zero if no error occurs, a negative number if an
argument is in error, or a positive number if ca A  w D had to be perturbed.
The possible values are:
= 0: No error occurred, and (ca A  w D) did not have to be perturbed. = 1: (ca A
 w D) had to be perturbed to make its smallest (or only) singular value greater
than SMIN. NOTE: In the interests of speed, this routine does not check the
inputs for errors.
LAPACK version 3.0 15 June 2000 DLALN2(l) 
