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DGEGS(l)) DGEGS(l)NAMEDGEGS - routine is deprecated and has been replaced by routine DGGESSYNOPSISSUBROUTINE DGEGS( JOBVSL, JOBVSR, N, A, LDA, B, LDB, ALPHAR, ALPHAI, BETA, VSL, LDVSL, VSR, LDVSR, WORK, LWORK, INFO ) CHARACTER JOBVSL, JOBVSR INTEGER INFO, LDA, LDB, LDVSL, LDVSR, LWORK, N DOUBLE PRECISION A( LDA, * ), ALPHAI( * ), ALPHAR( * ), B( LDB, * ), BETA( * ), VSL( LDVSL, * ), VSR( LDVSR, * ), WORK( * )PURPOSEThis routine is deprecated and has been replaced by routine DGGES. DGEGS computes for a pair of N-by-N real nonsymmetric matrices A, B: the generalized eigenvalues (alphar +/- alphai*i, beta), the real Schur form (A, B), and optionally left and/or right Schur vec- tors (VSL and VSR). (If only the generalized eigenvalues are needed, use the driver DGEGV instead.) A generalized eigenvalue for a pair of matrices (A,B) is, roughly speaking, a scalar w or a ratio alpha/beta = w, such that A - w*B is singular. It is usually represented as the pair (alpha,beta), as there is a reasonable interpretation for beta=0, and even for both being zero. A good beginning reference is the book, "Matrix Computations", by G. Golub & C. van Loan (Johns Hopkins U. Press) The (generalized) Schur form of a pair of matrices is the result of multiplying both matrices on the left by one orthogonal matrix and both on the right by another orthogonal matrix, these two orthogonal matrices being chosen so as to bring the pair of matrices into (real) Schur form. A pair of matrices A, B is in generalized real Schur form if B is upper triangular with non-negative diagonal and A is block upper triangular with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 blocks. 1-by-1 blocks correspond to real generalized eigenvalues, while 2-by-2 blocks of A will be "standardized" by making the corresponding elements of B have the form: [ a 0 ] [ 0 b ] and the pair of corresponding 2-by-2 blocks in A and B will have a complex conjugate pair of generalized eigenvalues. The left and right Schur vectors are the columns of VSL and VSR, respectively, where VSL and VSR are the orthogonal matrices which reduce A and B to Schur form: Schur form of (A,B) = ( (VSL)**T A (VSR), (VSL)**T B (VSR) )ARGUMENTSJOBVSL (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'N': do not compute the left Schur vectors; = 'V': compute the left Schur vectors. JOBVSR (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'N': do not compute the right Schur vectors; = 'V': compute the right Schur vectors. N (input) INTEGER The order of the matrices A, B, VSL, and VSR. N >= 0. A (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA, N) On entry, the first of the pair of matrices whose generalized eigenvalues and (optionally) Schur vectors are to be computed. On exit, the generalized Schur form of A. Note: to avoid overflow, the Frobenius norm of the matrix A should be less than the overflow threshold. LDA (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of A. LDA >= max(1,N). B (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB, N) On entry, the second of the pair of matrices whose generalized eigenvalues and (optionally) Schur vectors are to be computed. On exit, the generalized Schur form of B. Note: to avoid overflow, the Frobenius norm of the matrix B should be less than the overflow threshold. LDB (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of B. LDB >= max(1,N). ALPHAR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) ALPHAI (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) BETA (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) On exit, (ALPHAR(j) + ALPHAI(j)*i)/BETA(j), j=1,...,N, will be the generalized eigenvalues. ALPHAR(j) + ALPHAI(j)*i, j=1,...,N and BETA(j),j=1,...,N are the diagonals of the complex Schur form (A,B) that would result if the 2-by-2 diagonal blocks of the real Schur form of (A,B) were further reduced to triangular form using 2-by-2 complex unitary trans- formations. If ALPHAI(j) is zero, then the j-th eigenvalue is real; if positive, then the j-th and (j+1)-st eigenvalues are a complex conjugate pair, with ALPHAI(j+1) negative. Note: the quotients ALPHAR(j)/BETA(j) and ALPHAI(j)/BETA(j) may easily over- or underflow, and BETA(j) may even be zero. Thus, the user should avoid naively com- puting the ratio alpha/beta. However, ALPHAR and ALPHAI will be always less than and usually comparable with norm(A) in magnitude, and BETA always less than and usually comparable with norm(B). VSL (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDVSL,N) If JOBVSL = 'V', VSL will contain the left Schur vectors. (See "Purpose", above.) Not referenced if JOBVSL = 'N'. LDVSL (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the matrix VSL. LDVSL >=1, and if JOBVSL = 'V', LDVSL >= N. VSR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDVSR,N) If JOBVSR = 'V', VSR will contain the right Schur vectors. (See "Purpose", above.) Not referenced if JOBVSR = 'N'. LDVSR (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the matrix VSR. LDVSR >= 1, and if JOBVSR = 'V', LDVSR >= N. WORK (workspace/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LWORK) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK. LWORK (input) INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,4*N). For good performance, LWORK must generally be larger. To compute the optimal value of LWORK, call ILAENV to get blocksizes (for DGEQRF, DORMQR, and DORGQR.) Then compute: NBMAX of the blocksizes for DGEQRF, DORMQR, and DORGQR The optimal LWORK is 2*N + N*(NB+1). If LWORK =--, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA. INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO =-1, the i-th argument had an illegal value. = 1,...,N: The QZ iteration failed. (A,B) are not in Schur form, but ALPHAR(j), ALPHAI(j), and BETA(j) should be correct for j=INFO+1,...,N. > N: errors that usually indicate LAPACK problems: =N+1: error return from DGGBAL =N+2: error return from DGEQRF =N+3: error return from DORMQR =N+4: error return from DORGQR =N+5: error return from DGGHRD =N+6: error return from DHGEQZ (other than failed iteration) =N+7: error return from DGGBAK (computing VSL) =N+8: error return from DGGBAK (computing VSR) =N+9: error return from DLASCL (various places)-iLAPACK version 3.015 June 2000 DGEGS(l)

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