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CTPRFS(l)) CTPRFS(l)NAMECTPRFS - provide error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution to a system of linear equations with a triangular packed coefficient matrixSYNOPSISSUBROUTINE CTPRFS( UPLO, TRANS, DIAG, N, NRHS, AP, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO ) CHARACTER DIAG, TRANS, UPLO INTEGER INFO, LDB, LDX, N, NRHS REAL BERR( * ), FERR( * ), RWORK( * ) COMPLEX AP( * ), B( LDB, * ), WORK( * ), X( LDX, * )PURPOSECTPRFS provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution to a system of linear equations with a triangular packed coefficient matrix. The solution matrix X must be computed by CTPTRS or some other means before entering this routine. CTPRFS does not do iterative refinement because doing so cannot improve the backward error.ARGUMENTSUPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'U': A is upper triangular; = 'L': A is lower triangular. TRANS (input) CHARACTER*1 Specifies the form of the system of equations: = 'N': A * X = B (No transpose) = 'T': A**T * X = B (Transpose) = 'C': A**H * X = B (Conjugate transpose) DIAG (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'N': A is non-unit triangular; = 'U': A is unit triangular. N (input) INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. NRHS (input) INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0. AP (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2) The upper or lower triangular matrix A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A is stored in the array AP as follows: if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j; if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n. If DIAG = 'U', the diagonal elements of A are not referenced and are assumed to be 1. B (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) The right hand side matrix B. LDB (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). X (input) COMPLEX array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) The solution matrix X. LDX (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N). FERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest element in X(j). The esti- mate is as reliable as the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight over- estimate of the true error. BERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solu- tion). WORK (workspace) COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N) RWORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (N) INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO =, the i-th argument had an illegal value-iLAPACK version 3.015 June 2000 CTPRFS(l)

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