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UMOUNT(8) Linux Programmer's Manual UMOUNT(8)
umount - unmount file systems
umount -a [-dflnrv] [-t vfstype] [-O options]
umount [-dflnrv] dir | device [...]
The umount command detaches the file system(s) mentioned from the file hierarchy. A file
system is specified by giving the directory where it has been mounted. Giving the special
device on which the file system lives may also work, but is obsolete, mainly because it
will fail in case this device was mounted on more than one directory.
Note that a file system cannot be unmounted when it is `busy' - for example, when there
are open files on it, or when some process has its working directory there, or when a swap
file on it is in use. The offending process could even be umount itself - it opens libc,
and libc in its turn may open for example locale files. A lazy unmount avoids this prob-
Options for the umount command:
-V Print version and exit.
-h Print help message and exit.
-v Verbose mode.
-n Unmount without writing in /etc/mtab.
-r In case unmounting fails, try to remount read-only.
-d In case the unmounted device was a loop device, also free this loop device.
-a All of the file systems described in /etc/mtab are unmounted. (With umount version
2.7 and later: the proc filesystem is not unmounted.)
Indicate that the actions should only be taken on file systems of the specified
type. More than one type may be specified in a comma separated list. The list of
file system types can be prefixed with no to specify the file system types on which
no action should be taken.
Indicate that the actions should only be taken on file systems with the specified
options in /etc/fstab. More than one option type may be specified in a comma sepa-
rated list. Each option can be prefixed with no to specify options for which no
action should be taken.
-f Force unmount (in case of an unreachable NFS system). (Requires kernel 2.1.116 or
-l Lazy unmount. Detach the filesystem from the filesystem hierarchy now, and cleanup
all references to the filesystem as soon as it is not busy anymore. (Requires ker-
nel 2.4.11 or later.)
THE LOOP DEVICE
The umount command will free the loop device (if any) associated with the mount, in case
it finds the option `loop=...' in /etc/mtab, or when the -d option was given. Any pending
loop devices can be freed using `losetup -d', see losetup(8).
/etc/mtab table of mounted file systems
umount(2), mount(8), losetup(8).
A umount command appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.
Linux 2.0 26 July 1997 UMOUNT(8)
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