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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for locale (redhat section 5)

locale(5)				Linux User Manual				locale(5)

NAME
       locale - Describes a locale definition file

DESCRIPTION
       The  locale  definition	files  contains all the information that the localedef(1) command
       needs to convert it into the binary locale database.

       The definition files consist of sections which each describe a locale category in detail.

SYNTAX
       The locale definition file starts with a header that may consist  of  the  following  key-
       words:

       <escape_char>
	      is followed by a character that should be used as the escape-character for the rest
	      of the file to mark characters that should be interpreted  in  a	special  way.  It
	      defaults to the backslash ( \ ).

       <comment_char>
	      is  followed by a character that will be used as the comment-character for the rest
	      of the file. It defaults to the number sign (#).

       The locale definition has one part for each locale category.  Each part can be copied from
       another	existing locale or can be defined from scratch. If the category should be copied,
       the only valid keyword in the definition is copy followed by the name of the locale  which
       should be copied.

   LC_CTYPE
       LC_CTYPE category starts with the string LC_CTYPE in the first column.

       There are the following keywords allowed:

       upper  followed	by a list of uppercase letters. The letters A trough Z are included auto-
	      matically. Characters also specified as cntrl,  digit,  punct,  or  space  are  not
	      allowed.

       lower  followed	by a list of lowercase letters. The letters a trough z are included auto-
	      matically. Characters also specified as cntrl,  digit,  punct,  or  space  are  not
	      allowed.

       alpha  followed by a list of letters. All character specified as either upper or lower are
	      automatically included. Characters also specified as cntrl, digit, punct, or  space
	      are not allowed.

       digit  followed by the characters classified as numeric digits. Only the digits 0 trough 9
	      are allowed. They are included by default in this class.

       space  followed by a list of characters defined as white-space characters. Characters also
	      specified  as  upper,  lower,  alpha,  digit, graph, or xdigit are not allowed. The
	      characters <space>, <form-feed>, <newline>, <carriage-return>, <tab>,  and  <verti-
	      cal-tab> are automatically included.

       cntrl  followed	by  a  list  of  control characters.  Characters also specified as upper,
	      lower, alpha, digit, punct, graph, print, or xdigit are not allowed.

       punct  followed by a list of punctuation characters. Characters also specified  as  upper,
	      lower, alpha, digit, cntrl, xdigit, or the <space> character are not allowed.

       graph  followed	by  a  list of printable characters, not including the <space> character.
	      The characters defined as upper, lower, alpha, digit, xdigit, and punct  are  auto-
	      matically included.  Characters also specified as cntrl are not allowed.

       print  followed	by  a  list of printable characters, including the <space> character. The
	      characters defined as upper, lower, alpha, digit, xdigit, punct,	and  the  <space>
	      character  are  automatically included.  Characters also specified as cntrl are not
	      allowed.

       xdigit followed by a list of characters classified as hexadecimal digits. The decimal dig-
	      its  must  be  included  followed by one or more set of six characters in ascending
	      order. The following characters are included by default: 0 trough 9, a trough f,	A
	      trough F.

       blank  followed	by  a list of characters classified as blank.  The characters <space> and
	      <tab> are automatically included.

       toupper
	      followed by a list of mappings from lowercase to uppercase letters. Each mapping is
	      a  pair  of  a lowercase and an uppercase letter separated with a , and enclosed in
	      parentheses. The members of the list are separated with semicolons.

       tolower
	      followed by a list of mappings from uppercase to lowercase letters. If the  keyword
	      tolower is not present, the reverse of the toupper list is used.

       The LC_CTYPE definition ends with the string END LC_CYTPE.

   LC_COLLATE
       The  LC_COLLATE category defines the rules for collating characters. Due to limitations of
       libc not all POSIX-options are implemented.

       The definition starts with the string LC_COLLATE in the first column.

       There are the following keywords allowed:

       collating-element

       collating-symbol

       The order-definition starts with a line:

       order_start

       followed by a list of keywords out of forward, backward, or position.  The  order  defini-
       tion consists of lines that describe the order and is terminated with the keyword

       order_end.

       For  more  details see the sources in /usr/lib/nls/src notably the examples POSIX, Example
       and Example2

       The LC_COLLATE definition ends with the string END LC_COLLATE.

   LC_MONETARY
       The definition starts with the string LC_MONETARY in the first column.

       There are the following keywords allowed:

       int_curr_symbol
	      followed by the international currency symbol. This must be  a  4-character  string
	      containing  the  international  currency symbol as defined by the ISO 4217 standard
	      (three characters) followed by a separator.

       currency_symbol
	      followed by the local currency symbol.

       mon_decimal_point
	      followed by the string that will be used as the decimal delimiter  when  formatting
	      monetary quantities.

       mon_thousands_sep
	      followed by the string that will be used as a group separator when formatting mone-
	      tary quantities.

       mon_grouping
	      followed by a string that describes the formatting of numeric quantities.

       positive_sign
	      followed by a string that is used to indicate a positive sign for monetary  quanti-
	      ties.

       negative_sign
	      followed	by a string that is used to indicate a negative sign for monetary quanti-
	      ties.

       int_frac_digits
	      followed by the number of fractional digits that should  be  used  when  formatting
	      with the int_curr_symbol.

       frac_digits
	      followed	by  the  number  of fractional digits that should be used when formatting
	      with the currency_symbol.

       p_cs_precedes
	      followed by an integer set to 1 if the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol
	       should precede the formatted monetary quantity or set to 0 if the symbol  succeeds
	      the value.

       p_sep_by_space
	      followed by an integer.

	      0      means that no space should be printed between the symbol and the value.

	      1      means that a space should be printed between the symbol and the value.

	      2      means that a space should be printed between the symbol and the sign string,
		     if adjacent.

       n_cs_precedes

	      0      - the symbol succeeds the value.

	      1      - the symbol precedes the value.

       n_sep_by_space
	      An integer set to 0 if no space separates the  currency_symbol  or  int_curr_symbol
	      from  the value for a negative monetary quantity, set to 1 if a space separates the
	      symbol from the value and set to 2 if a space separates the  symbol  and	the  sign
	      string, if adjacent.

       p_sign_posn

	      0      Parentheses enclose the quantity and the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.

	      1      The  sign	string	precedes  the  quantity  and  the  currency_symbol or the
		     int_curr_symbol.

	      2      The sign string  succeeds	the  quantity  and  the  currency_symbol  or  the
		     int_curr_symbol.

	      3      The sign string precedes the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

	      4      The sign string succeeds the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

       n_sign_posn

	      0      Parentheses enclose the quantity and the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.

	      1      The  sign	string	precedes  the  quantity  and  the  currency_symbol or the
		     int_curr_symbol.

	      2      The sign string  succeeds	the  quantity  and  the  currency_symbol  or  the
		     int_curr_symbol.

	      3      The sign string precedes the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

	      4      The sign string succeeds the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

       The LC_MONETARY definition ends with the string END LC_MONETARY.

   LC_NUMERIC
       The definition starts with the string LC_NUMERIC in the first column.

       The following keywords are allowed:

       decimal_point
	      followed	by  the string that will be used as the decimal delimiter when formatting
	      numeric quantities.

       thousands_sep
	      followed by the string that will be used	as  a  group  separator  when  formatting
	      numeric quantities.

       grouping
	      followed by a string that describes the formatting of numeric quantities.

       The LC_NUMERIC definition ends with the string END LC_NUMERIC.

   LC_TIME
       The definition starts with the string LC_TIME in the first column.

       The following keywords are allowed:

       abday  followed by a list of abbreviated weekday names. The list starts with Sunday or its
	      translation.

       day    followed by a list of weekday names. The list starts with Sunday.

       abmon  followed by a list of abbreviated month names.

       mon    followed by a list of month names.

       am_pm  The appropriate representation of the am and pm strings.

       d_t_fmt
	      The appropriate date and time format.

       d_fmt  The appropriate date format.

       t_fmt  The appropriate time format.

       t_fmt_ampm
	      The appropriate time format when using 12h clock format.

       The LC_TIME definition ends with the string END LC_TIME.

   LC_MESSAGES
       The definition starts with the string LC_MESSAGES in the first column.

       The following keywords are allowed:

       yesexpr
	      followed by a regular expression that describes possible yes-responses.

       noexpr followed by a regular expression that describes possible no-responses.

       The LC_MESSAGES definition ends with the string END LC_MESSAGES.

       See the POSIX.2 standard for details.

FILES
       /usr/lib/locale/ - database for the current locale setting of that category
       /usr/lib/nls/charmap/* - charmap-files

BUGS
       The manpage isn't complete.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.2

SEE ALSO
       setlocale(3), localeconv(3), charmap(5), locale(1), localedef(1)

National Language Support		    1994-11-09					locale(5)


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