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filetest(3pm)			 Perl Programmers Reference Guide		    filetest(3pm)

NAME
       filetest - Perl pragma to control the filetest permission operators

SYNOPSIS
	   $can_perhaps_read = -r "file";      # use the mode bits
	   {
	       use filetest 'access';	       # intuit harder
	       $can_really_read = -r "file";
	   }
	   $can_perhaps_read = -r "file";      # use the mode bits again

DESCRIPTION
       This pragma tells the compiler to change the behaviour of the filetest permissions opera-
       tors, the "-r" "-w" "-x" "-R" "-W" "-X" (see perlfunc).

       The default behaviour to use the mode bits as returned by the stat() family of calls.
       This, however, may not be the right thing to do if for example various ACL (access control
       lists) schemes are in use.  For such environments, "use filetest" may help the permission
       operators to return results more consistent with other tools.

       Each "use filetest" or "no filetest" affects statements to the end of the enclosing block.

       There may be a slight performance decrease in the filetests when "use filetest" is in
       effect, because in some systems the extended functionality needs to be emulated.

       NOTE: using the file tests for security purposes is a lost cause from the start: there is
       a window open for race conditions (who is to say that the permissions will not change
       between the test and the real operation?).  Therefore if you are serious about security,
       just try the real operation and test for its success - think in terms of atomic opera-
       tions.

       subpragma access

       Currently only one subpragma, "access" is implemented.  It enables (or disables) the use
       of access() or similar system calls.  This extended filetest functionality is used only
       when the argument of the operators is a filename, not when it is a filehandle.

perl v5.8.0				    2002-06-01				    filetest(3pm)
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