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File::Spec::Win32(3pm)		 Perl Programmers Reference Guide	   File::Spec::Win32(3pm)

NAME
       File::Spec::Win32 - methods for Win32 file specs

SYNOPSIS
	require File::Spec::Win32; # Done internally by File::Spec if needed

DESCRIPTION
       See File::Spec::Unix for a documentation of the methods provided there. This package over-
       rides the implementation of these methods, not the semantics.

       devnull
	   Returns a string representation of the null device.

       tmpdir
	   Returns a string representation of the first existing directory from the following
	   list:

	       $ENV{TMPDIR}
	       $ENV{TEMP}
	       $ENV{TMP}
	       SYS:/temp
	       C:/temp
	       /tmp
	       /

	   The SYS:/temp is preferred in Novell NetWare.

	   Since Perl 5.8.0, if running under taint mode, and if the environment variables are
	   tainted, they are not used.

       catfile
	   Concatenate one or more directory names and a filename to form a complete path ending
	   with a filename

       canonpath
	   No physical check on the filesystem, but a logical cleanup of a path. On UNIX elimi-
	   nated successive slashes and successive "/.".  On Win32 makes

		   dir1\dir2\dir3\..\..\dir4 -> \dir\dir4 and even
		   dir1\dir2\dir3\...\dir4   -> \dir\dir4

       splitpath
	       ($volume,$directories,$file) = File::Spec->splitpath( $path );
	       ($volume,$directories,$file) = File::Spec->splitpath( $path, $no_file );

	   Splits a path in to volume, directory, and filename portions. Assumes that the last
	   file is a path unless the path ends in '\\', '\\.', '\\..'  or $no_file is true.  On
	   Win32 this means that $no_file true makes this return ( $volume, $path, undef ).

	   Separators accepted are \ and /.

	   Volumes can be drive letters or UNC sharenames (\\server\share).

	   The results can be passed to "catpath" to get back a path equivalent to (usually iden-
	   tical to) the original path.

       splitdir
	   The opposite of catdir().

	       @dirs = File::Spec->splitdir( $directories );

	   $directories must be only the directory portion of the path on systems that have the
	   concept of a volume or that have path syntax that differentiates files from directo-
	   ries.

	   Unlike just splitting the directories on the separator, leading empty and trailing
	   directory entries can be returned, because these are significant on some OSs. So,

	       File::Spec->splitdir( "/a/b/c" );

	   Yields:

	       ( '', 'a', 'b', '', 'c', '' )

       catpath
	   Takes volume, directory and file portions and returns an entire path. Under Unix,
	   $volume is ignored, and this is just like catfile(). On other OSs, the $volume become
	   significant.

       Note For File::Spec::Win32 Maintainers

       Novell NetWare inherits its File::Spec behaviour from File::Spec::Win32.

SEE ALSO
       File::Spec

perl v5.8.0				    2002-06-01			   File::Spec::Win32(3pm)
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