File::Spec::Win32(3pm) Perl Programmers Reference Guide File::Spec::Win32(3pm)
File::Spec::Win32 - methods for Win32 file specs
require File::Spec::Win32; # Done internally by File::Spec if needed
See File::Spec::Unix for a documentation of the methods provided there. This package over-
rides the implementation of these methods, not the semantics.
Returns a string representation of the null device.
Returns a string representation of the first existing directory from the following
The SYS:/temp is preferred in Novell NetWare.
Since Perl 5.8.0, if running under taint mode, and if the environment variables are
tainted, they are not used.
Concatenate one or more directory names and a filename to form a complete path ending
with a filename
No physical check on the filesystem, but a logical cleanup of a path. On UNIX elimi-
nated successive slashes and successive "/.". On Win32 makes
dir1\dir2\dir3\..\..\dir4 -> \dir\dir4 and even
dir1\dir2\dir3\...\dir4 -> \dir\dir4
($volume,$directories,$file) = File::Spec->splitpath( $path );
($volume,$directories,$file) = File::Spec->splitpath( $path, $no_file );
Splits a path in to volume, directory, and filename portions. Assumes that the last
file is a path unless the path ends in '\\', '\\.', '\\..' or $no_file is true. On
Win32 this means that $no_file true makes this return ( $volume, $path, undef ).
Separators accepted are \ and /.
Volumes can be drive letters or UNC sharenames (\\server\share).
The results can be passed to "catpath" to get back a path equivalent to (usually iden-
tical to) the original path.
The opposite of catdir().
@dirs = File::Spec->splitdir( $directories );
$directories must be only the directory portion of the path on systems that have the
concept of a volume or that have path syntax that differentiates files from directo-
Unlike just splitting the directories on the separator, leading empty and trailing
directory entries can be returned, because these are significant on some OSs. So,
File::Spec->splitdir( "/a/b/c" );
( '', 'a', 'b', '', 'c', '' )
Takes volume, directory and file portions and returns an entire path. Under Unix,
$volume is ignored, and this is just like catfile(). On other OSs, the $volume become
Note For File::Spec::Win32 Maintainers
Novell NetWare inherits its File::Spec behaviour from File::Spec::Win32.
perl v5.8.0 2002-06-01 File::Spec::Win32(3pm)