mpool - shared memory buffer pool
mpool_open (DBT *key, int fd, pgno_t pagesize, pgno_t maxcache);
mpool_filter (MPOOL *mp, void (*pgin)(void *, pgno_t, void *),
void (*pgout)(void *, pgno_t, void *), void *pgcookie);
mpool_new (MPOOL *mp, pgno_t *pgnoaddr);
mpool_get (MPOOL *mp, pgno_t pgno, u_int flags);
mpool_put (MPOOL *mp, void *pgaddr, u_int flags);
mpool_sync (MPOOL *mp);
mpool_close (MPOOL *mp);
Mpool is the library interface intended to provide page oriented buffer management of
files. The buffers may be shared between processes.
The function mpool_open initializes a memory pool. The key argument is the byte string
used to negotiate between multiple processes wishing to share buffers. If the file buf-
fers are mapped in shared memory, all processes using the same key will share the buffers.
If key is NULL, the buffers are mapped into private memory. The fd argument is a file
descriptor for the underlying file, which must be seekable. If key is non-NULL and
matches a file already being mapped, the fd argument is ignored.
The pagesize argument is the size, in bytes, of the pages into which the file is broken
up. The maxcache argument is the maximum number of pages from the underlying file to
cache at any one time. This value is not relative to the number of processes which share
a file's buffers, but will be the largest value specified by any of the processes sharing
The mpool_filter function is intended to make transparent input and output processing of
the pages possible. If the pgin function is specified, it is called each time a buffer is
read into the memory pool from the backing file. If the pgout function is specified, it
is called each time a buffer is written into the backing file. Both functions are are
called with the pgcookie pointer, the page number and a pointer to the page to being read
The function mpool_new takes an MPOOL pointer and an address as arguments. If a new page
can be allocated, a pointer to the page is returned and the page number is stored into the
pgnoaddr address. Otherwise, NULL is returned and errno is set.
The function mpool_get takes a MPOOL pointer and a page number as arguments. If the page
exists, a pointer to the page is returned. Otherwise, NULL is returned and errno is set.
The flags parameter is not currently used.
The function mpool_put unpins the page referenced by pgaddr. Pgaddr must be an address
previously returned by mpool_get or mpool_new. The flag value is specified by or'ing any
of the following values:
The page has been modified and needs to be written to the backing file.
Mpool_put returns 0 on success and -1 if an error occurs.
The function mpool_sync writes all modified pages associated with the MPOOL pointer to the
backing file. Mpool_sync returns 0 on success and -1 if an error occurs.
The mpool_close function free's up any allocated memory associated with the memory pool
cookie. Modified pages are not written to the backing file. Mpool_close returns 0 on
success and -1 if an error occurs.
The mpool_open function may fail and set errno for any of the errors specified for the
library routine malloc(3).
The mpool_get function may fail and set errno for the following:
[EINVAL] The requested record doesn't exist.
The mpool_new and mpool_get functions may fail and set errno for any of the errors speci-
fied for the library routines read(2), write(2), and malloc(3).
The mpool_sync function may fail and set errno for any of the errors specified for the
library routine write(2).
The mpool_close function may fail and set errno for any of the errors specified for the
library routine free(3).
dbopen(3), btree(3), hash(3), recno(3)
4.4 Berkeley Distribution 1993-06-04 MPOOL(3)