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getprotoent(3) [redhat man page]

GETPROTOENT(3)						     Linux Programmer's Manual						    GETPROTOENT(3)

NAME
getprotoent, getprotobyname, getprotobynumber, setprotoent, endprotoent - get protocol entry SYNOPSIS
#include <netdb.h> struct protoent *getprotoent(void); struct protoent *getprotobyname(const char *name); struct protoent *getprotobynumber(int proto); void setprotoent(int stayopen); void endprotoent(void); DESCRIPTION
The getprotoent() function reads the next line from the file /etc/protocols and returns a structure protoent containing the broken out fields from the line. The /etc/protocols file is opened if necessary. The getprotobyname() function returns a protoent structure for the line from /etc/protocols that matches the protocol name name. The getprotobynumber() function returns a protoent structure for the line that matches the protocol number number. The setprotoent() function opens and rewinds the /etc/protocols file. If stayopen is true (1), then the file will not be closed between calls to getprotobyname() or getprotobynumber(). The endprotoent() function closes /etc/protocols. The protoent structure is defined in <netdb.h> as follows: struct protoent { char *p_name; /* official protocol name */ char **p_aliases; /* alias list */ int p_proto; /* protocol number */ } The members of the protoent structure are: p_name The official name of the protocol. p_aliases A zero terminated list of alternative names for the protocol. p_proto The protocol number. RETURN VALUE
The getprotoent(), getprotobyname() and getprotobynumber() functions return the protoent structure, or a NULL pointer if an error occurs or the end of the file is reached. FILES
/etc/protocols protocol database file CONFORMING TO
BSD 4.3 SEE ALSO
getservent(3), getnetent(3), protocols(5) BSD
1993-04-24 GETPROTOENT(3)

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GETPROTOENT(3)						     Linux Programmer's Manual						    GETPROTOENT(3)

NAME
getprotoent, getprotobyname, getprotobynumber, setprotoent, endprotoent - get protocol entry SYNOPSIS
#include <netdb.h> struct protoent *getprotoent(void); struct protoent *getprotobyname(const char *name); struct protoent *getprotobynumber(int proto); void setprotoent(int stayopen); void endprotoent(void); DESCRIPTION
The getprotoent() function reads the next entry from the protocols database (see protocols(5)) and returns a protoent structure containing the broken-out fields from the entry. A connection is opened to the database if necessary. The getprotobyname() function returns a protoent structure for the entry from the database that matches the protocol name name. A connec- tion is opened to the database if necessary. The getprotobynumber() function returns a protoent structure for the entry from the database that matches the protocol number number. A connection is opened to the database if necessary. The setprotoent() function opens a connection to the database, and sets the next entry to the first entry. If stayopen is nonzero, then the connection to the database will not be closed between calls to one of the getproto*() functions. The endprotoent() function closes the connection to the database. The protoent structure is defined in <netdb.h> as follows: struct protoent { char *p_name; /* official protocol name */ char **p_aliases; /* alias list */ int p_proto; /* protocol number */ } The members of the protoent structure are: p_name The official name of the protocol. p_aliases A NULL-terminated list of alternative names for the protocol. p_proto The protocol number. RETURN VALUE
The getprotoent(), getprotobyname() and getprotobynumber() functions return a pointer to a statically allocated protoent structure, or a NULL pointer if an error occurs or the end of the file is reached. FILES
/etc/protocols protocol database file CONFORMING TO
4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001. SEE ALSO
getnetent(3), getprotoent_r(3), getservent(3), protocols(5) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 3.27 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. GNU
2008-08-19 GETPROTOENT(3)

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