RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for rman (redhat section 1)

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

Man Page or Keyword Search:   man
Select Man Page Set:       apropos Keyword Search (sections above)

PolyglotMan(1)									   PolyglotMan(1)

       PolyglotMan,  rman  -  reverse compile man pages from formatted form to a number of source

       rman [ options ] [ file ]

       PolyglotMan  takes man pages from most of the popular flavors of UNIX and transforms  them
       into any of a number of text source formats. PolyglotMan was formerly known as RosettaMan.
       The name of the binary is still called rman ,  for  scripts  that  depend  on  that  name;
       mnemonically,  just think "reverse man". Previously PolyglotMan	required pages to be for-
       matted by nroff prior to its processing. With version 3.0, it prefers [tn]roff source  and
       usually	produces  results  that  are better yet. And source processing is the only way to
       translate tables. Source format translation is not as mature as formatted, however, so try
       formatted translation as a backup.

       In  parsing  [tn]roff source, one could implement an arbitrarily large subset of [tn]roff,
       which I did not and will not do, so the results can be off. I did implement a  significant
       subset of those use in man pages, however, including tbl (but not eqn), if tests, and gen-
       eral macro definitions, so usually the results look great. If they don't, format the  page
       with  nroff before sending it to PolyglotMan. If PolyglotMan doesn't recognize a key macro
       used by a large class of pages, however, e-mail me the source and a  uuencoded  nroff-for-
       matted page and I'll see what I can do. When running PolyglotMan with man page source that
       includes or redirects to other [tn]roff source using the .so (source or inclusion)  macro,
       you  should  be	in  the  parent  directory of the page, since pages are written with this
       assumption. For	example,  if  you  are	translating  /usr/man/man1/ls.1,  first  cd  into

       PolyglotMan   accepts man pages from: SunOS, Sun Solaris, Hewlett-Packard HP-UX, AT&T Sys-
       tem V, OSF/1 aka Digital UNIX, DEC Ultrix, SGI IRIX, Linux, FreeBSD, SCO. Source  process-
       ing works for: SunOS, Sun Solaris, Hewlett-Packard HP-UX, AT&T System V, OSF/1 aka Digital
       UNIX, DEC Ultrix. It can produce printable ASCII-only (control characters stripped),  sec-
       tion  headers-only,  Tk,  TkMan, [tn]roff (traditional man page source), SGML, HTML, MIME,
       LaTeX, LaTeX2e, RTF, Perl 5 POD. A modular architecture permits	easy  addition	of  addi-
       tional output formats.

       The   latest   version	of  PolyglotMan  is  always  available	from  ftp://ftp.cs.berke- .

       The following options should not be used with any others and exit PolyglotMan without pro-
       cessing any input.

       -h|--help      Show list of command line options and exit.

       -v|--version   Show version number and exit.

       You should specify the filter first, as this sets a number of parameters, and then specify
       other options.

       -f|--filter <ASCII|roff|TkMan|Tk|Sections|HTML|SGML|MIME|LaTeX|LaTeX2e|RTF|POD>
		      Set the output filter. Defaults to ASCII.

       -S|--source    PolyglotMan tries to automatically determine whether its input is source or
		      formatted; use this option to declare source input.

		      PolyglotMan tries to automatically determine whether its input is source or
		      formatted; use this option to declare formatted input.

       -l|--title printf-string
		      In HTML mode this sets the <TITLE> of the man pages, given the same parame-
		      ters as -r .

       -r|--reference|--manref printf-string
		      In  HTML	and  SGML modes this sets the URL form by which to retrieve other
		      man pages. The string can use two supplied parameters: the  man  page  name
		      and  its section. (See the Examples section.)  If the string is null (as if
		      set from a shell by "-r ''"), `-' or `off', then man page  references  will
		      not  be  HREFs, just set in italics. If your printf supports XPG3 positions
		      specifier, this can be quite flexible.

       -V|--volumes <colon-separated list>
		      Set the list of valid volumes to check against when looking for  cross-ref-
		      erences  to  other man pages. Defaults to 1:2:3:4:5:6:7:8:9:o:l:n:p (volume
		      names can be multicharacter). If an non-whitespace string in  the  page  is
		      immediately  followed by a left parenthesis, then one of the valid volumes,
		      and ends with optional other characters and then a right	parenthesis--then
		      that  string  is reported as a reference to another manual page. If this -V
		      string starts with an equals sign, then no optional characters are  allowed
		      between  the  match  to the list of valids and the right parenthesis. (This
		      option is needed for SCO UNIX.)

       The following options apply only when formatted pages are given	as  input.  They  do  not
       apply or are always handled correctly with the source.

		      Try to recognize subsection titles in addition to section titles.  This can
		      cause problems on some UNIX flavors.

       -K|--nobreak   Indicate manual pages don't have page breaks, so don't look for footers and
		      headers  around  them.  (Older nroff -man macros always put in page breaks,
		      but lately some vendors have realized that printout are made through troff,
		      whereas  nroff  -man  is used to format pages for reading on screen, and so
		      have eliminated page breaks.) PolyglotMan  usually  gets	this  right  even
		      without this flag.

       -k|--keep      Keep  headers  and  footers,  as a canonical report at the end of the page.
		      changeleft Move changebars, such as those found in the Tcl/Tk manual pages,
		      to  the  left.  -->  notaggressive  Disable   aggressive	man page parsing.
		      Aggressive manual, which is on by default, page parsing elides headers  and
		      footers, identifies sections and more. -->

       -n|--name name Set name of man page (used in roff format). If the filename is given in the
		      form " name . section ", the name and section are automatically determined.
		      If  the  page  is  being parsed from [tn]roff source and it has a .TH line,
		      this information is extracted from that line.

       -p|--paragraph paragraph mode toggle. The filter determines whether lines should be  line-
		      broken  as  they	were by nroff, or whether lines should be flowed together
		      into paragraphs. Mainly for internal use.

       -s|section #   Set volume (aka section) number of man page (used in roff format).   tables
		      Turn on aggressive table parsing. -->

       -t|--tabstops #
		      For  those  macros  sets that use tabs in place of spaces where possible in
		      order to reduce the number of characters used, set tabstops every  #   col-
		      umns. Defaults to 8.

       Some  flavors  of  UNIX	ship man page without [tn]roff source, making one's laser printer
       little more than a laser-powered daisy wheel.  This filer tries	to  intuit  the  original
       [tn]roff directives, which can then be recompiled by [tn]roff.

       TkMan,  a hypertext man page browser, uses PolyglotMan to show man pages without the (usu-
       ally) useless headers and footers on each pages. It also collects section and (optionally)
       subsection  heads for direct access from a pulldown menu. TkMan and Tcl/Tk, the toolkit in
       which it's written, are available via anonymous ftp from

       This option outputs the text in a series of Tcl lists consisting of text-tags pairs, where
       tag  names  roughly correspond to HTML.	This output can be inserted into a Tk text widget
       by doing an eval <textwidget> insert end <text> . This format should be relatively  easily
       parsible by other programs that want both the text and the tags. Also see ASCII.

       When  printed  on  a  line printer, man pages try to produce special text effects by over-
       striking characters with themselves (to produce bold) and underscores (underlining). Other
       text  processing  software, such as text editors, searchers, and indexers, must counteract
       this. The ASCII filter strips away this formatting. Piping nroff  output  through  col  -b
       also strips away this formatting, but it leaves behind unsightly page headers and footers.
       Also see Tk.

       Dumps section and (optionally) subsection titles. This might be useful for another program
       that processes man pages.

       With  a	simple	extention  to  an HTTP server for Mosaic or other World Wide Web browser,
       PolyglotMan  can produce high quality HTML on the fly. Several such extensions and  point-
       ers to several others are included in PolyglotMan 's contrib  directory.

       This  is  appoaching the Docbook DTD, but I'm hoping that someone that someone with a real
       interest in this will polish the tags generated. Try it to see how close the tags are now.

       MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) as defined by RFC 1563, good for  consumption
       by MIME-aware e-mailers or as Emacs (>=19.29) enriched documents.

   LaTeX and LaTeX2e
       Why not?

       Use  output  on	Mac  or  NeXT or whatever. Maybe take random man pages and integrate with
       NeXT's documentation system better.  Maybe NeXT has own man page macros that do this.

   PostScript and FrameMaker
       To produce PostScript, use groff  or psroff . To produce FrameMaker MIF, use  FrameMaker's
       builtin	filter.  In both cases you need [tn]roff  source, so if you only have a formatted
       version of the manual page, use PolyglotMan 's roff filter first.

       To convert the formatted  man page named ls.1  back into [tn]roff source form:

       rman -f roff /usr/local/man/cat1/ls.1 > /usr/local/man/man1/ls.1

       Long man pages are often compressed to conserve space (compression is especially effective
       on formatted man pages as many of the characters are spaces). As it is a long man page, it
       probably has subsections, which we try to separate out (some macro sets don't  distinguish
       subsections  well enough for PolyglotMan to detect them). Let's convert this to LaTeX for-

       pcat /usr/catman/a_man/cat1/automount.z | rman -b -n automount  -s  1  -f  latex  >  auto-

       Alternatively, man 1 automount | rman -b -n automount -s 1 -f latex >

       For  HTML/Mosaic users, PolyglotMan  can, without modification of the source code, produce
       HTML links that point to other HTML man pages either pregenerated or generated on the fly.
       First let's assume pregenerated HTML versions of man pages stored in /usr/man/html .  Gen-
       erate these one-by-one with the following form:
       rman    -f    html     -r     'http:/usr/man/html/%s.%s.html'	 /usr/man/cat1/ls.1	>

       If  you've  extended your HTML client to generate HTML on the fly you should use something
       rman -f html -r 'http:~/bin/man2html?%s:%s' /usr/man/cat1/ls.1
       when generating HTML.

       PolyglotMan  is not perfect in all cases, but it usually does a good job, and in any  case
       reduces the problem of converting man pages to light editing.

       Tables  in formatted pages, especially H-P's, aren't handled very well. Be sure to pass in
       source for the page to recognize tables.

       The man pager woman  applies its own idea of formatting for man pages, which  can  confuse
       PolyglotMan  . Bypass woman  by passing the formatted manual page text directly into Poly-
       glotMan .

       The [tn]roff output format uses fB to turn on boldface. If your	macro  set  requires  .B,
       you'll have to a postprocess the PolyglotMan output.

       tkman(1) , xman(1) , man(1) , man(7) or man(5)  depending on your flavor of UNIX

       by Thomas A. Phelps ( )
       developed at the
       University of California, Berkeley
       Computer Science Division

       Manual page last updated on $Date: 2000/03/21 00:47:34 $

Unix & Linux Commands & Man Pages : ©2000 - 2018 Unix and Linux Forums

All times are GMT -4. The time now is 03:37 PM.

Unix & Linux Forums Content Copyright©1993-2018. All Rights Reserved.
Show Password

Not a Forum Member?
Forgot Password?