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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for pftp (redhat section 1)

FTP(1)				     General Commands Manual				   FTP(1)

NAME
       ftp - ARPANET file transfer program

SYNOPSIS
       ftp [-v] [-d] [-i] [-n] [-g] [-k realm] [-f] [-x] [-u] [-t] [host]

DESCRIPTION
       FTP  is	the  user  interface to the ARPANET standard File Transfer Protocol.  The program
       allows a user to transfer files to and from a remote network site.

OPTIONS
       Options may be specified at the command line, or to the command interpreter.

       -v     Verbose option forces ftp to show all responses from the remote server, as well  as
	      report on data transfer statistics.

       -n     Restrains  ftp  from  attempting	``auto-login'' upon initial connection.  If auto-
	      login is enabled, ftp will check the .netrc (see below) file  in	the  user's  home
	      directory  for  an  entry describing an account on the remote machine.  If no entry
	      exists, ftp will prompt for the remote machine login  name  (default  is	the  user
	      identity	on  the  local	machine), and, if necessary, prompt for a password and an
	      account with which to login.

       -u     Restrains ftp from attempting ``auto-authentication'' upon initial connection.   If
	      auto-authentication  is  enabled, ftp attempts to authenticate to the FTP server by
	      sending the AUTH command, using whichever authentication	types  are  locally  sup-
	      ported.	Once  an authentication type is accepted, an authentication protocol will
	      proceed by issuing ADAT commands.  This option also disables auto-login.

       -i     Turns off interactive prompting during multiple file transfers.

       -d     Enables debugging.

       -g     Disables file name globbing.

       -k realm
	      When using Kerberos v4 authentication, gets tickets in realm.

       -f     Causes credentials to be forwarded to the remote host.

       -x     Causes the client to attempt to negotiate encryption (data and  command  protection
	      levels ``private'') immediately after successfully authenticating.

       -t     Enables packet tracing.

COMMANDS
       The client host with which ftp is to communicate may be specified on the command line.  If
       this is done, ftp will immediately attempt to establish a connection to an FTP  server  on
       that  host;  otherwise, ftp will enter its command interpreter and await instructions from
       the user.  When ftp is awaiting commands from the user the prompt ``ftp>'' is provided  to
       the user.  The following commands are recognized by ftp:

       ! [command] [args]]
	      Invoke  an  interactive  shell  on  the local machine.  If there are arguments, the
	      first is taken to be a command to execute directly, with the rest of the	arguments
	      as its arguments.

       $ macro-name [args]
	      Execute  the  macro macro-name that was defined with the macdef command.	Arguments
	      are passed to the macro unglobbed.

       account [passwd]
	      Supply a supplemental password required by a remote system for access to	resources
	      once a login has been successfully completed.  If no argument is included, the user
	      will be prompted for an account password in a non-echoing input mode.

       append local-file [remote-file]
	      Append a local file to a file on	the  remote  machine.	If  remote-file  is  left
	      unspecified,  the  local	file  name  is used in naming the remote file after being
	      altered by any ntrans or nmap setting.  File transfer uses the current settings for
	      type, format, mode, and structure.

       ascii  Set the file transfer type to network ASCII .  This is the default type.

       bell   Arrange that a bell be sounded after each file transfer command is completed.

       binary Set the file transfer type to support binary file transfer.

       bye    Terminate the FTP session with the remote server and exit ftp.  An end of file will
	      also terminate the session and exit.

       case   Toggle remote computer file name case mapping during mget commands.  When  case  is
	      on  (default is off), remote computer file names with all letters in upper case are
	      written in the local directory with the letters mapped to lower case.

       ccc    Turn off integrity protection on the command channel.  This command  must  be  sent
	      integrity  protected,  and  must	be proceeded by a successful ADAT command.  Since
	      turning off integrity protection potentially allows an attacker to insert  commands
	      onto the command channel, some FTP servers may refuse to honor this command.

       cd remote-directory
	      Change the working directory on the remote machine to remote-directory.

       cdup   Change  the  remote  machine  working directory to the parent of the current remote
	      machine working directory.

       chmod mode file-name
	      Change the permission modes of the file file-name on the remote system to mode.

       clear  Set the protection level on data transfers to ``clear''.	If no ADAT  command  suc-
	      ceeded, then this is the default protection level.

       close  Terminate  the FTP session with the remote server, and return to the command inter-
	      preter.  Any defined macros are erased.

       cprotect [protection-level]
	      Set the protection level on commands to  protection-level.   The	valid  protection
	      levels are ``clear'' for unprotected commands, ``safe'' for commands integrity pro-
	      tected by cryptographic checksum, and ``private'' for commands confidentiality  and
	      integrity  protected by encryption.  If an ADAT command succeeded, then the default
	      command protection  level  is  ``safe'',	otherwise  the	only  possible	level  is
	      ``clear''.  If no level is specified, the current level is printed.  cprotect clear
	      is equivalent to the ccc command.

       cr     Toggle carriage return stripping during ascii type  file	retrieval.   Records  are
	      denoted  by  a  carriage	return/linefeed sequence during ascii type file transfer.
	      When cr is on (the default), carriage returns are stripped from  this  sequence  to
	      conform with the UNIX single linefeed record delimiter.  Records on non-UNIX remote
	      systems may contain single linefeeds; when an ascii type transfer  is  made,  these
	      linefeeds may be distinguished from a record delimiter only when cr is off.

       delete remote-file
	      Delete the file remote-file on the remote machine.

       debug [debug-value]
	      Toggle  debugging  mode.	If an optional debug-value is specified it is used to set
	      the debugging level.  When debugging is on, ftp prints each  command  sent  to  the
	      remote machine, preceded by the string `-->'

       dir [remote-directory] [local-file]
	      Print  a listing of the directory contents in the directory, remote-directory, and,
	      optionally, placing the output in local-file.  If interactive prompting is on,  ftp
	      will  prompt  the  user to verify that the last argument is indeed the target local
	      file for receiving dir output.  If no directory is specified, the  current  working
	      directory  on the remote machine is used.  If no local file is specified, or local-
	      file is `-', output comes to the terminal.

       disconnect
	      A synonym for close.

       form format
	      Set the file transfer form to format.  The default format is ``file''.

       get remote-file [local-file]
	      Retrieve the file remote-file and store it on the local machine.	If the local file
	      name is not specified, it is given the same name it has on the remote machine, sub-
	      ject to alteration by the current case, ntrans, and  nmap  settings.   The  current
	      settings for type, form, mode, and structure are used while transferring the file.

       glob   Toggle  filename	expansion for mdelete, mget, and mput.	If globbing is turned off
	      with glob, the file name arguments are taken literally and not expanded.	 Globbing
	      for  mput  is  done  as  in csh(1).  For mdelete and mget, each remote file name is
	      expanded separately on the remote machine and the lists are not merged.	Expansion
	      of  a  directory	name  is  likely to be different from expansion of the name of an
	      ordinary file: the exact result depends on the foreign  operating  system  and  ftp
	      server,  and can be previewed by doing `mls remote-files -' Note: mget and mput are
	      not meant to transfer entire directory subtrees of files.   That	can  be  done  by
	      transferring a tar(1) archive of the subtree (in binary mode).

       hash   Toggle  hash-sign  (``#'') printing for each data block transferred.  The size of a
	      data block is 1024 bytes.

       help [command]
	      Print an informative message about the meaning  of  command.   If  no  argument  is
	      given, ftp prints a list of the known commands.

       idle [seconds]
	      Set  the	inactivity  timer on the remote server to seconds seconds.  If seconds is
	      omitted, the current inactivity timer is printed.

       lcd [directory]
	      Change the working directory on the local machine.  If no directory  is  specified,
	      the user's home directory is used.

       ls [remote-directory] [local-file]
	      Print  a listing of the contents of a directory on the remote machine.  The listing
	      includes any system-dependent information that the server chooses to  include;  for
	      example, most UNIX systems will produce output from the command `ls -l'.	(See also
	      nlist.)  If remote-directory is left unspecified, the current working directory  is
	      used.   If interactive prompting is on, ftp will prompt the user to verify that the
	      last argument is indeed the target local file for receiving ls output.  If no local
	      file is specified, or if local-file is `-', the output is sent to the terminal.

       macdefmacro-name
	      Define  a  macro.  Subsequent lines are stored as the macro macro-name; a null line
	      (consecutive newline characters in a file or carriage returns  from  the	terminal)
	      terminates  macro input mode.  There is a limit of 16 macros and 4096 total charac-
	      ters in all defined macros.  Macros remain defined until a close	command  is  exe-
	      cuted.   The  macro  processor interprets `$' and `\' as special characters.  A `$'
	      followed by a number (or numbers) is replaced by the corresponding argument on  the
	      macro invocation command line.  A `$' followed by an `i' signals that macro proces-
	      sor that the executing macro is to be looped.  On the first pass `$i'  is  replaced
	      by  the  first argument on the macro invocation command line, on the second pass it
	      is replaced by the second argument, and so on.  A `\' followed by any character  is
	      replaced by that character.  Use the `\' to prevent special treatment of the `$'.

       mdelete [remote-files]
	      Delete remote-files on the remote machine.

       mdir remote-files local-file
	      Like  dir, except multiple remote files may be specified.  If interactive prompting
	      is on, ftp will prompt the user to verify that the last argument is indeed the tar-
	      get local file for receiving mdir output.

       mget remote-files
	      Expand  the remote-files on the remote machine and do a get for each file name thus
	      produced.  See glob for details on the filename expansion.   Resulting  file  names
	      will  then  be  processed  according to case, ntrans, and nmap settings.	Files are
	      transferred into the local working directory, which can be changed with `lcd direc-
	      tory'; new local directories can be created with `! mkdir directory'.

       mkdir directory-name
	      Make a directory on the remote machine.

       mls remote-files local-file
	      Like  nlist, except multiple remote files may be specified, and the local-file must
	      be specified.  If interactive prompting is on, ftp will prompt the user  to  verify
	      that the last argument is indeed the target local file for receiving mls output.

       mode [mode-name]
	      Set the file transfer mode to mode-name.	The default mode is ``stream'' mode.

       modtime file-name
	      Show the last modification time of the file on the remote machine.

       mput local-files
	      Expand  wild  cards  in the list of local files given as arguments and do a put for
	      each file in the resulting list.	See  glob  for	details  of  filename  expansion.
	      Resulting file names will then be processed according to ntrans and nmap settings.

       newer file-name
	      Get  the	file only if the modification time of the remote file is more recent that
	      the file on the current system.  If the file does not exist on the current  system,
	      the remote file is considered newer.  Otherwise, this command is identical to get.

       nlist [remote-directory] [local-file]
	      Print  a	list of the files in a directory on the remote machine.  If remote-direc-
	      tory is left unspecified, the current working directory is  used.   If  interactive
	      prompting  is  on,  ftp  will  prompt  the user to verify that the last argument is
	      indeed the target local file for receiving nlist output.	If no local file is spec-
	      ified, or if local-file is `-', the output is sent to the terminal.

       nmap [inpattern outpattern]
	      Set  or  unset  the filename mapping mechanism.  If no arguments are specified, the
	      filename mapping mechanism is unset.  If arguments are specified, remote	filenames
	      are  mapped during mput commands and put commands issued without a specified remote
	      target filename.	If arguments are specified, local  filenames  are  mapped  during
	      mget  commands  and  get commands issued without a specified local target filename.
	      This command is useful when connecting to non-UNIX remote computer  with	different
	      file  naming  conventions  or  practices.   The  mapping follows the pattern set by
	      inpattern and outpattern.  [Inpattern] is a template for incoming filenames  (which
	      may  have already been processed according to the ntrans and case settings).  Vari-
	      able templating is accomplished by including the sequences `$1', `$2', ..., `$9' in
	      inpattern.   Use	`\'  to prevent this special treatment of the `$' character.  All
	      other characters are treated literally, and are used to determine the nmap  [inpat-
	      tern] variable values.  For example, given inpattern $1.$2 and the remote file name
	      "mydata.data", $1 would have the value  "mydata",  and  $2  would  have  the  value
	      "data".	The  outpattern  determines the resulting mapped filename.  The sequences
	      `$1', `$2', inpattern template.  The sequence `$0' is replace by the original file-
	      name.   Additionally,  the sequence `[seq1, seq2]' is replaced by [seq1] if seq1 is
	      not a null string; otherwise it is replaced by seq2.  For example, the command

		   nmap $1.$2.$3 [$1,$2].[$2,file]

	      would yield the output filename "myfile.data" for input filenames "myfile.data" and
	      "myfile.data.old",   "myfile.file"   for	 the   input   filename   "myfile",   and
	      "myfile.myfile" for the input filename ".myfile".  Spaces may be included  in  out-
	      pattern, as in the example: `nmap $1 sed "s/ *$//" > $1'.  Use the `\' character to
	      prevent special treatment of the `$','[',']', and `,' characters.

       ntrans [inchars [outchars]]
	      Set or unset the filename character translation mechanism.   If  no  arguments  are
	      specified, the filename character translation mechanism is unset.  If arguments are
	      specified, characters in remote filenames are translated during mput  commands  and
	      put  commands  issued without a specified remote target filename.  If arguments are
	      specified, characters in local filenames are translated during  mget  commands  and
	      get  commands  issued  without  a specified local target filename.  This command is
	      useful when connecting to a non-UNIX remote computer  with  different  file  naming
	      conventions or practices.  Characters in a filename matching a character in inchars
	      are replaced with the corresponding character  in  outchars.   If  the  character's
	      position in inchars is longer than the length of outchars, the character is deleted
	      from the file name.

       open host [port] [-forward]
	      Establish a connection to the specified host FTP server.	An optional  port  number
	      may  be  supplied, in which case, ftp will attempt to contact an FTP server at that
	      port.  If the auto-authenticate option is on (default), ftp will attempt to authen-
	      ticate  to  the FTP server by sending the AUTH command, using whichever authentica-
	      tion types which are locally supported.  Once an authentication type  is	accepted,
	      an  authentication  protocol  will  proceed by issuing ADAT commands.  If the auto-
	      login option is on (default), ftp will also attempt to automatically log	the  user
	      in  to  the  FTP server (see below).  If the -forward option is specified, ftp will
	      forward a copy of the user's Kerberos tickets to the remote host.

       passive
	      Toggle passive data transfer mode off.  In passive mode, the client  initiates  the
	      data  connection	by  connecting to the data port.  Passive mode is often necessary
	      for operation from behind firewalls which do not permit incoming	connections,  but
	      may need to be disabled if you connect to an FTP server which does not support pas-
	      sive operation.

       private
	      Set the protection level on data transfers to ``private''.  Data transmissions  are
	      confidentiality  and  integrity  protected  by encryption.  If no ADAT command suc-
	      ceeded, then the only possible level is ``clear''.

       prompt Toggle interactive prompting.  Interactive prompting occurs  during  multiple  file
	      transfers  to  allow the user to selectively retrieve or store files.  If prompting
	      is turned off (default is on), any mget or mput will transfer all  files,  and  any
	      mdelete will delete all files.

       protect [protection-level]
	      Set  the protection level on data transfers to protection-level.	The valid protec-
	      tion levels are ``clear'' for unprotected data  transmissions,  ``safe''	for  data
	      transmissions  integrity	protected  by cryptographic checksum, and ``private'' for
	      data transmissions confidentiality and integrity protected by  encryption.   If  no
	      ADAT  command succeeded, then the only possible level is ``clear''.  If no level is
	      specified,  the  current	level  is  printed.   The  default  protection	level  is
	      ``clear''.

       proxy ftp-command
	      Execute  an  ftp	command  on  a secondary control connection.  This command allows
	      simultaneous connection to two remote ftp servers for  transferring  files  between
	      the two servers.	The first proxy command should be an open , to establish the sec-
	      ondary control connection.  Enter the command "proxy ?" to see other  ftp  commands
	      executable  on the secondary connection.	The following commands behave differently
	      when prefaced by proxy: open will not  define  new  macros  during  the  auto-login
	      process,	close  will  not  erase existing macro definitions, get and mget transfer
	      files from the host on the primary control connection to the host on the	secondary
	      control  connection,  and put, mput, and append transfer files from the host on the
	      secondary control connection to the host on the primary control connection.   Third
	      party  file  transfers  depend upon support of the ftp protocol PASV command by the
	      server on the secondary control connection.

       put local-file [remote-file]
	      Store a local file on the remote machine.  If remote-file is left unspecified,  the
	      local  file  name is used after processing according to any ntrans or nmap settings
	      in naming the remote file.  File transfer uses the current settings for type,  for-
	      mat, mode, and structure.

       pwd    Print the name of the current working directory on the remote machine.

       quit   A synonym for bye.

       quote arg1 [arg2] [...]
	      The arguments specified are sent, verbatim, to the remote FTP server.

       recv remote-file [local-file]
	      A synonym for get.

       reget remote-file [local-file]
	      Reget  acts  like get, except that if local-file exists and is smaller than remote-
	      file, local-file is presumed to be a partially transferred copy of remote-file  and
	      the transfer is continued from the apparent point of failure.  This command is use-
	      ful when transferring very large files over networks that  are  prone  to  dropping
	      connections.

       remotehelp [command-name]
	      Request help from the remote FTP server.	If a command-name is specified it is sup-
	      plied to the server as well.

       remotestatus [file-name]
	      With no arguments, show status of remote machine.  If file-name is specified,  show
	      status of file-name on remote machine.

       rename [from] [to]
	      Rename the file from on the remote machine, to the file to.

       reset  Clear  reply queue.  This command re-synchronizes command/reply sequencing with the
	      remote ftp server.  Resynchronization may be necessary following a violation of the
	      ftp protocol by the remote server.

       restart marker
	      Restart the immediately following get or put at the indicated marker.  On UNIX sys-
	      tems, marker is usually a byte offset into the file.

       rmdir directory-name
	      Delete a directory on the remote machine.

       runique
	      Toggle storing of files on the local system  with  unique  filenames.   If  a  file
	      already  exists  with  a	name equal to the target local filename for a get or mget
	      command, a ".1" is appended to the name.	If the	resulting  name  matches  another
	      existing	file, a ".2" is appended to the original name.	If this process continues
	      up to ".99", an error message is printed, and the transfer  does	not  take  place.
	      The  generated unique filename will be reported.	Note that runique will not affect
	      local files generated from a shell command (see below).  The default value is off.

       safe   Set the protection level on data transfers to  ``safe''.	 Data  transmissions  are
	      integrity-protected  by cryptographic checksum.  If no ADAT command succeeded, then
	      the only possible level is ``clear''.

       send local-file [remote-file]
	      A synonym for put.

       sendport
	      Toggle the use of PORT commands.	By default, ftp will attempt to use a  PORT  com-
	      mand  when  establishing a connection for each data transfer.  The use of PORT com-
	      mands can prevent delays when performing multiple file transfers.  If the PORT com-
	      mand  fails,  ftp will use the default data port.  When the use of PORT commands is
	      disabled, no attempt will be made to use PORT  commands  for  each  data	transfer.
	      This  is	useful for certain FTP implementations which do ignore PORT commands but,
	      incorrectly, indicate they've been accepted.

       site arg1 [arg2] [...]
	      The arguments specified are sent, verbatim, to the remote FTP server as a SITE com-
	      mand.

       size file-name
	      Return size of file-name on remote machine.

       status Show the current status of ftp.

       struct struct-name
	      Set the file transfer structure to struct-name.  By default ``stream'' structure is
	      used.

       sunique
	      Toggle storing of files on remote machine under  unique  file  names.   Remote  ftp
	      server  must  support  ftp  protocol  STOU  command for successful completion.  The
	      remote server will report unique name.  Default value is off.

       system Show the type of operating system running on the remote machine.

       tenex  Set the file transfer type to that needed to talk to TENEX machines.

       trace  Toggle packet tracing.

       type [type-name]
	      Set the file transfer type to type-name.	If no type is specified, the current type
	      is printed.  The default type is network ASCII.

       umask [newmask]
	      Set  the default umask on the remote server to newmask.  If newmask is omitted, the
	      current umask is printed.

       user user-name [password] [account]
	      Identify yourself to the remote FTP server.  If the password is not  specified  and
	      the  server  requires  it,  ftp  will prompt the user for it (after disabling local
	      echo).  If an account field is not specified, and the FTP server requires  it,  the
	      user will be prompted for it.  If an account field is specified, an account command
	      will be relayed to the remote server after the login sequence is completed  if  the
	      remote  server  did  not	require  it  for  logging in.  Unless ftp is invoked with
	      ``auto-login'' disabled, this process is done automatically on  initial  connection
	      to the FTP server.

       verbose
	      Toggle  verbose  mode.  In verbose mode, all responses from the FTP server are dis-
	      played to the user.  In addition, if verbose is on, when a file transfer completes,
	      statistics regarding the efficiency of the transfer are reported.  By default, ver-
	      bose is on.

	? [command]
	      A synonym for help.

       Command arguments which have embedded spaces may be quoted with quote `"' marks.

ABORTING A FILE TRANSFER
       To abort a file transfer, use the terminal interrupt key (usually Ctrl-C).  Sending trans-
       fers will be immediately halted.  Receiving transfers will be halted by sending a FTP pro-
       tocol ABOR command to the remote server, and discarding any further  data  received.   The
       speed at which this is accomplished depends upon the remote server's support for ABOR pro-
       cessing.  If the remote server does not support the ABOR command, an  `ftp>'  prompt  will
       not appear until the remote server has completed sending the requested file.

       The  terminal interrupt key sequence will be ignored when ftp has completed any local pro-
       cessing and is awaiting a reply from the remote server.	A long delay  in  this	mode  may
       result from the ABOR processing described above, or from unexpected behavior by the remote
       server, including violations of the ftp protocol.  If the delay	results  from  unexpected
       remote server behavior, the local ftp program must be killed by hand.

FILE NAMING CONVENTIONS
       Files  specified  as  arguments	to  ftp commands are processed according to the following
       rules.

       1.     If the file name `-' is specified, stdin (for reading) or stdout (for  writing)  is
	      used.

       2.     If  the  first  character of the file name is `|', the remainder of the argument is
	      interpreted as a shell command.  Ftp then forks a shell, using  popen(3)	with  the
	      argument supplied, and reads from (writes to) stdout (stdin).  If the shell command
	      includes spaces, the argument must be quoted; e.g.  ``" ls -lt"''.  A  particularly
	      useful example of this mechanism is: ``dir more''.

       3.     Failing the above checks, if ``globbing'' is enabled, local file names are expanded
	      according to the rules used in csh(1); c.f. the glob command.  If the  ftp  command
	      expects  a single local file (.e.g.  put), only the first filename generated by the
	      ``globbing'' operation is used.

       4.     For mget commands and get commands with unspecified local  file  names,  the  local
	      filename	is  the  remote filename, which may be altered by a case, ntrans, or nmap
	      setting.	The resulting filename may then be altered if runique is on.

       5.     For mput commands and put commands with unspecified remote file names,  the  remote
	      filename	is  the local filename, which may be altered by a ntrans or nmap setting.
	      The resulting filename may then be altered by the remote server if sunique is on.

FILE TRANSFER PARAMETERS
       The FTP specification specifies many parameters which may affect  a  file  transfer.   The
       type  may  be  one  of  ``ascii'', ``image'' (binary), ``ebcdic'', and ``local byte size''
       (mostly for PDP-10's and PDP-20's).  Ftp supports the ascii and image types of file trans-
       fer, plus local byte size 8 for tenex mode transfers.

       Ftp  supports  only  the  default values for the remaining file transfer parameters: mode,
       form, and struct.

THE .netrc FILE
       The .netrc file contains login and  initialization  information	used  by  the  auto-login
       process.   It  resides in the user's home directory.  The following tokens are recognized;
       they may be separated by spaces, tabs, or new-lines:

       machine name
	      Identify a remote machine name.  The auto-login process searches	the  .netrc  file
	      for  a  machine  token that matches the remote machine specified on the ftp command
	      line or as an open command argument.  Once a match is made, the  subsequent  .netrc
	      tokens  are  processed, stopping when the end of file is reached or another machine
	      or a default token is encountered.

       default
	      This is the same as machine name except that default matches any name.   There  can
	      be  only	one default token, and it must be after all machine tokens.  This is nor-
	      mally used as:

		   default login anonymous password user@site

	      thereby giving the user automatic anonymous ftp login to machines not specified  in
	      .netrc.  This can be overridden by using the -n flag to disable auto-login.

       login name
	      Identify	a  user  on the remote machine.  If this token is present, the auto-login
	      process will initiate a login using the specified name.

       password string
	      Supply a password.  If this token is present, the auto-login  process  will  supply
	      the  specified string if the remote server requires a password as part of the login
	      process.	Note that if this token is present in the .netrc file for any user  other
	      than  anonymous, ftp will abort the auto-login process if the .netrc is readable by
	      anyone besides the user.

       account string
	      Supply an additional account password.  If this token is	present,  the  auto-login
	      process  will  supply  the  specified string if the remote server requires an addi-
	      tional account password, or the auto-login process will initiate an ACCT command if
	      it does not.

       macdef name
	      Define  a  macro.   This	token functions like the ftp macdef command functions.	A
	      macro is defined with the specified name; its contents begin with the  next  .netrc
	      line  and  continue  until a null line (consecutive new-line characters) is encoun-
	      tered.  If a macro named init is defined, it is automatically executed as the  last
	      step in the auto-login process.

ENVIRONMENT
       Ftp utilizes the following environment variables.

       HOME   For default location of a .netrc file, if one exists.

       SHELL  For default shell.

SEE ALSO
       ftpd(8)

       Lunt, S. J., FTP Security Extensions, Internet Draft, November 1993.

HISTORY
       The ftp command appeared in 4.2BSD.

BUGS
       Correct execution of many commands depends upon proper behavior by the remote server.

       An  error  in the treatment of carriage returns in the 4.2BSD ascii-mode transfer code has
       been corrected.	This correction may result in incorrect transfers of binary files to  and
       from  4.2BSD  servers  using the ascii type.  Avoid this problem by using the binary image
       type.

											   FTP(1)


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