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OD(1)					       FSF					    OD(1)

       od - dump files in octal and other formats

       od [OPTION]... [FILE]...
       od --traditional [FILE] [[+]OFFSET [[+]LABEL]]

       Write  an  unambiguous representation, octal bytes by default, of FILE to standard output.
       With more than one FILE argument, concatenate them in the listed order to form the  input.
       With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.

       All arguments to long options are mandatory for short options.

       -A, --address-radix=RADIX
	      decide how file offsets are printed

       -j, --skip-bytes=BYTES
	      skip BYTES input bytes first

       -N, --read-bytes=BYTES
	      limit dump to BYTES input bytes

       -s, --strings[=BYTES]
	      output strings of at least BYTES graphic chars

       -t, --format=TYPE
	      select output format or formats

       -v, --output-duplicates
	      do not use * to mark line suppression

       -w, --width[=BYTES]
	      output BYTES bytes per output line

	      accept arguments in traditional form

       --help display this help and exit

	      output version information and exit

   Traditional format specifications may be intermixed; they accumulate:
       -a     same as -t a,  select named characters

       -b     same as -t oC, select octal bytes

       -c     same as -t c,  select ASCII characters or backslash escapes

       -d     same as -t u2, select unsigned decimal shorts

       -f     same as -t fF, select floats

       -h     same as -t x2, select hexadecimal shorts

       -i     same as -t d2, select decimal shorts

       -l     same as -t d4, select decimal longs

       -o     same as -t o2, select octal shorts

       -x     same as -t x2, select hexadecimal shorts

       For  older  syntax  (second  call  format),  OFFSET means -j OFFSET.  LABEL is the pseudo-
       address at first byte printed, incremented when	dump  is  progressing.	 For  OFFSET  and
       LABEL, a 0x or 0X prefix indicates hexadecimal, suffixes may be . for octal and b for mul-
       tiply by 512.

       TYPE is made up of one or more of these specifications:

       a      named character

       c      ASCII character or backslash escape

	      signed decimal, SIZE bytes per integer

	      floating point, SIZE bytes per integer

	      octal, SIZE bytes per integer

	      unsigned decimal, SIZE bytes per integer

	      hexadecimal, SIZE bytes per integer

       SIZE is a number.  For TYPE  in	doux,  SIZE  may  also	be  C  for  sizeof(char),  S  for
       sizeof(short),  I for sizeof(int) or L for sizeof(long).  If TYPE is f, SIZE may also be F
       for sizeof(float), D for sizeof(double) or L for sizeof(long double).

       RADIX is d for decimal, o for octal, x for hexadecimal or n for none.  BYTES is	hexadeci-
       mal  with  0x  or  0X prefix, it is multiplied by 512 with b suffix, by 1024 with k and by
       1048576 with m.	Adding a z suffix to any type adds a display of printable  characters  to
       the  end  of each line of output.  --string without a number implies 3.	--width without a
       number implies 32.  By default, od uses -A o -t d2 -w 16.

       Written by Jim Meyering.

       Report bugs to <bug-coreutils@gnu.org>.

       Copyright (C) 2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
       This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO  warranty;  not

       The  full documentation for od is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and od pro-
       grams are properly installed at your site, the command

	      info od

       should give you access to the complete manual.

od (coreutils) 4.5.3			  February 2003 				    OD(1)
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