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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for mrtglib (redhat section 1)

MRTGLIB(1)				       mrtg				       MRTGLIB(1)

       MRTG_lib.pm - Library for MRTG and support scripts

	use MRTG_lib;
	my ($configfile, @target_names, %globalcfg, %targetcfg);
	readcfg($configfile, \@target_names, \%globalcfg, \%targetcfg);
	my (@parsed_targets);
	cfgcheck(\@target_names, \%globalcfg, \%targetcfg, \@parsed_targets);

       MRTG_lib is part of MRTG, the Multi Router Traffic Grapher. It was separated from MRTG to
       allow other programs to easily use the same config files. The main part of MRTG_lib is the
       config file parser but some other funcions are there too.

	   Type of OS: WIN, UNIX, VMS

	   Slash in the current OS.

	   Path separator in PATH variable

	   "readcfg($file, \@targets, \%globalcfg, \%targetcfg [, $prefix, \%extrules])"

	   Reads a config file, parses it and fills some arrays and hashes. The mandatory argu-
	   ments are: the name of the config file, a ref to an array which will be filled with a
	   list of the target names, a hashref for the global configuration, a hashref for the
	   target configuration.

	   The configuration file syntax is:

	    globaloption: value
	    targetoption[targetname]: value
	    aprefix*extglobal: value
	    aprefix*exttarget[target2]: value


	    workdir: /var/stat/mrtg
	    target[router1]: 2:public@router1.local.net
	    14all*columns: 2

	   The global config hash has the structure

	    $globalcfg{configoption} = 'value'

	   The target config hash has the structure

	    $targetcfg{configoption}{targetname} = 'value'

	   See the reference manpage for more information about the MRTG configuration syntax.

	   "readcfg" can take two additional arguments to extend the config file syntax. This
	   allows programs to put their configuration into the mrtg config file. The fifth argu-
	   ment is the prefix of the extension, the sixth argument is a hash with the checkrules
	   for these extension settings. E.g. if the prefix is "14all" "readcfg" will check con-
	   fig lines that begin with "14all*", i.e. all lines like

	    14all*columns: 2
	    14all*graphsize[target3]: 500 200

	   against the rules in %extrules. The format of this hash is:

	    $extrules{option} = [sub{$_[0] =~ m/^\d+$/}, sub{"Error message for $_[0]"}]
	    $extrules{option}[0] -> a test expression
	    $extrules{option}[1] -> error message if test fails

	   The first part of the array is a perl expression to test the value of the option. The
	   test can access this value in the variable "$arg". The second part of the array is an
	   error message to display when the test fails. The failed value can be integrated by
	   using the variable "$arg".

	   Config settings with an different prefix than the one given in the "readcfg" call are
	   not checked but inserted into %globalcfg and %targetcfg.  Prefixed settings keep their
	   prefix in the config hashes:

	    $targetcfg{'14all*graphsize'}{'target3'} = '500 200'

	   "cfgcheck(\@target_names, \%globalcfg, \%targetcfg, \@parsed_targets)"

	   Checks the configuration read by "readcfg". Checks the values in the config for syn-
	   tactical and/or semantical errors. Sets defaults for some options.  Parses the "tar-
	   get[...]" options and filles the array @parsed_targets ready for mrtg functions.

	   The first three arguments are the same as for "readcfg". The fourth argument is an
	   arrayref which will be filled with the parsed target defs.

	   "cfgcheck" converts the values of target settings options, e.g.

	    options[router1]: bits, growright

	   to a hash:

	    $targetcfg{'option'}{'bits'}{'router1'} = 1
	    $targetcfg{'option'}{'growright'}{'router1'} = 1

	   This is not done by "readcfg" so if you don't use "cfgcheck" you have to check the
	   scalar variable $targetcfg{'option'}{'router1'} (MRTG allows options to be separated
	   by space or ',').


	   Checks that the pathname does not contain double path separators and ends with a path
	   separator. It uses $MRTG_lib::SL as path separator which will be / or \ depending on
	   the OS.

	   "log2rrd ($router,\%globalcfg,\%targetcfg)"

	   Convert log file to rrd format. Needs rrdtool.


	   Returns the time given in the argument as a nicely formated date string.  The argument
	   has to be in UNIX time format (seconds since 1970-1-1).


	   Return a string representing the current time.


	   Install signalhandlers for __DIE__ and __WARN__ making the errors go the the specified
	   destination. If filename is 'eventlog' mrtg will log to the windows event logger.


	   Returns the time given in the argument formatted suitable for HTTP Expire-Headers.


	   Puts the running program into background, detaching it from the terminal.

	   "populatecache(\%confcache, $host, $reread, $snmpoptshash)"

	   Reads the SNMP variables ifDescr, ipAdEntIfIndex, ifPhysAddress, ifName from the host
	   and stores the values in %confcache as follows:

	    $confcache{$host}{'Descr'}{ifDescr}{oid} = (ifDescr or 'Dup')
	    $confcache{$host}{'IP'}{ipAdEntIfIndex}{oid} = (ipAdEntIfIndex or 'Dup')
	    $confcache{$host}{'Eth'}{ifPhysAddress}{oid} = (ifPhysAddress or 'Dup')
	    $confcache{$host}{'Name'}{ifName}{oid} = (ifName or 'Dup')
	    $confcache{$host}{'Type'}{ifType}{oid} = (ifType or 'Dup')

	   The value (at the right side of =) is 'Dup' if a value was retrieved muliple times,
	   the retrieved value else.

	   "my $confcache = readconfcache($file)"

	   Preload the confcache from a file.


	   Store the current confcache into a file.

	   "debug($type, $message)"

	   Prints the message on STDERR if debugging is enabled for type type.	A debug type is
	   enabled if type is in array @main::DEBUG.

       Tobias Oetiker <tobi@oetiker.ch>, Dave Rand <dlr@bungi.com> and other contributors, men-
       tioned in the file "CHANGES"

       Documentation by Rainer Bawidamann <Rainer.Bawidamann@rz.uni-ulm.de>

       GNU General Public License

       MRTG_lib is  Copyright 2000 by Tobias Oetiker <tobi@oetiker.ch> and Dave Rand

3rd Berkeley Distribution		      2.9.17				       MRTGLIB(1)

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