MORE(1) BSD General Commands Manual MORE(1)
more -- file perusal filter for crt viewing
more [-dlfpcsu] [-num] [+/ pattern] [+ linenum] [file ...]
More is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time. This version is espe-
cially primitve. Users should realize that less(1) provides more(1) emulation and extensive
Command line options are described below. Options are also taken from the environment vari-
able MORE (make sure to precede them with a dash (``-'')) but command line options will
-num This option specifies an integer which is the screen size (in lines).
-d more will prompt the user with the message "[Press space to continue, 'q' to quit.]"
and will display "[Press 'h' for instructions.]" instead of ringing the bell when an
illegal key is pressed.
-l more usually treats ^L (form feed) as a special character, and will pause after any
line that contains a form feed. The -l option will prevent this behavior.
-f Causes more to count logical, rather than screen lines (i.e., long lines are not
-p Do not scroll. Instead, clear the whole screen and then display the text.
-c Do not scroll. Instead, paint each screen from the top, clearing the remainder of
each line as it is displayed.
-s Squeeze multiple blank lines into one.
-u Suppress underlining.
+/ The +/ option specifies a string that will be searched for before each file is dis-
+num Start at line number num.
Interactive commands for more are based on vi(1). Some commands may be preceded by a deci-
mal number, called k in the descriptions below. In the following descriptions, ^X means
h or ? Help: display a summary of these commands. If you forget all the other com-
mands, remember this one.
SPACE Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size.
z Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size. Argument
becomes new default.
RETURN Display next k lines of text. Defaults to 1. Argument becomes new default.
d or ^D Scroll k lines. Default is current scroll size, initially 11. Argument becomes
q or Q or INTERRUPT
s Skip forward k lines of text. Defaults to 1.
f Skip forward k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1.
b or ^B Skip backwards k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1. Only works with files, not
' Go to place where previous search started.
= Display current line number.
/pattern Search for kth occurrence of regular expression. Defaults to 1.
n Search for kth occurrence of last r.e. Defaults to 1.
!<cmd> or :!<cmd>
Execute <cmd> in a subshell
v Start up an editor at current line. The editor is taken from the environment
variable VISUAL if defined, or EDITOR if VISUAL is not defined, or defaults to
"vi" if neither VISUAL nor EDITOR is defined.
^L Redraw screen
:n Go to kth next file. Defaults to 1.
:p Go to kth previous file. Defaults to 1.
:f Display current file name and line number
. Repeat previous command
More utilizes the following environment variables, if they exist:
MORE This variable may be set with favored options to more.
SHELL Current shell in use (normally set by the shell at login time).
TERM Specifies terminal type, used by more to get the terminal characteristics neces-
sary to manipulate the screen.
Eric Shienbrood, UC Berkeley
Modified by Geoff Peck, UCB to add underlining, single spacing
Modified by John Foderaro, UCB to add -c and MORE environment variable
The more command appeared in 3.0BSD. This man page documents more version 5.19 (Berkeley
6/29/88), which is currently in use in the Linux community. Documentation was produced
using several other versions of the man page, and extensive inspection of the source code.
Linux 0.98 December 25, 1992 Linux 0.98