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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for ltrace (redhat section 1)

ltrace(1)				       General Commands Manual					    ltrace(1)

NAME
ltrace - A library call tracer
SYNOPSIS
ltrace [-dfiLSrtttChV] [-a column] [-s strsize] [-o filename] [-n nr] [-l filename] [-u username] [-p pid] ... [-e expr] [--debug] [--demangle] [--align=column] [--output=filename] [--indent=nr] [--library=filename] [--help] [--version] [command [arg ...]]
DESCRIPTION
ltrace is a program that simply runs the specified command until it exits. It intercepts and records the dynamic library calls which are called by the executed process and the signals which are received by that process. It can also intercept and print the system calls executed by the program. Its use is very similar to strace(1).
OPTIONS
-d, --debug Increase the debugging level. Use more (ie. =dd ) for greater debugging information. -f Trace child processes as they are created by currently traced processes as a result of the fork(2) or clone(2) system calls. The new process is attached as soon as its pid is known. -i Print the instruction pointer at the time of the library call. -L DON'T display library calls (use it with the -S option). -S Display system calls as well as library calls -r Print a relative timestamp with each line of the trace. This records the time difference between the beginning of successive lines. -t Prefix each line of the trace with the time of day. -tt If given twice, the time printed will include the microseconds. -ttt If given thrice, the time printed will include the microseconds and the leading portion will be printed as the number of seconds since the epoch. -C, --demangle Decode (demangle) low-level symbol names into user-level names. Besides removing any initial under- score prepended by the system, this makes C++ function names readable. -a, --align column Align return values in a secific column (default column is 5/8 of screen width). -s Specify the maximum string size to print (the default is 32). -o, --output filename Write the trace output to the file filename rather than to stderr. -n, --indent nr Indent trace output by nr number of spaces for each new nested call. Using this option makes the pro- gram flow visualization easy to follow. -l, --library filename Display only the symbols included in the library filename. Up to 20 library names can be specified with several instances of this option. -u username Run command with the userid, groupid and supplementary groups of username. This option is only useful when running as root and enables the correct execution of setuid and/or setgid binaries. -p pid Attach to the process with the process ID pid and begin tracing. -e expr A qualifying expression which modifies which events to trace. The format of the expression is: [!]value1[,value2]... where the values are the functions to trace. Using an exclamation mark negates the set of values. For example -e printf means to trace only the printf library call. By contrast, -e !printf means to trace every library call except printf. Note that some shells use the exclamation point for history expansion; even inside quoted arguments. If so, you must escape the exclamation point with a backslash. -h, --help Show a summary of the options to ltrace and exit. -V, --version Show the version number of ltrace and exit.
BUGS
It has most of the bugs stated in strace(1). Manual page and documentation are not very up-to-date. Option -f sometimes fails to trace some children. It only works on Linux/i386, Linux/m68k, Linux/arm, and Linux/S390. Only ELF32 binaries are supported. If you like to report a bug, send a notice to the author, or use the bug(1) program if you are under the Debian GNU/Linux distribution.
FILES
/etc/ltrace.conf System configuration file ~/.ltrace.conf Personal config file, overrides /etc/ltrace.conf
AUTHOR
Juan Cespedes <cespedes@debian.org>
SEE ALSO
strace(1), ptrace(2) ltrace(1)


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