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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for lamtrace (redhat section 1)


       lamtrace - Unload LAM trace data.

       lamtrace [-hkvR] [-mpi] [-l <listno>] [-f <#secs>] [<filename>] [<nodes>] [<processes>]

       -h	     Print useful information on this command.

       -k	     Copy and do not remove trace data.

       -v	     Be verbose.

       -R	     Delete all trace data from the specified nodes.

       -l	     Unload only from the given list number.

       -mpi	     Unload trace data for an MPI application.

       -f <#secs>    Signal  target  processes	to  flush  trace  data	to the daemon.	Then wait
		     <#secs> before unloading.

       <filename>    Place trace data into this file (default: def.lamtr).

       The -t option of mpirun(1) and loadgo(1) allows	the  application  to  generate	execution
       traces.	 These traces are first stored in a buffer within each application process.  When
       the buffer is full and when the application terminates, the runtime buffer is  flushed  to
       the  trace  daemon  (a structural component within the LAM daemon).  The trace daemon will
       also collect data up to a pre-compiled limit.  Beyond this limit,  the  oldest  traces  in
       will be forgotten in favor of the newer traces.

       After an application has finished, the record of its execution is stored in the trace dae-
       mons of each node that was running the application.  The lamtrace command can be  used  to
       retrieve  these	traces and store them in one file for display by a performance visualiza-
       tion tool, such as xmpi(1).  If the application was started by xmpi(1),	lamtrace  is  not
       normally needed as the equivalent functionality is invoked with a button.

       Incomplete  trace  data can be unloaded while the application is running.  The output file
       must not exist prior to invoking lamtrace.  This is a good situation to use the -k option,
       which  preserves  the  trace daemon's contents after unloading.	Each reload will then get
       the entire run's trace data up to the present time.

       A running process is likely to be holding the most recent trace data in an  internal  buf-
       fer.  A standard LAM signal, LAM_SIGTRACE (see doom(1)), causes trace enabled processes to
       flush the internal trace buffer to the daemon.  The -f option tells lamtrace to send  this
       signal to all target processes before unloading trace data.  A race condition develops be-
       tween the target process storing trace data to the daemon  and  the  unloading  procedure.
       The problem is foisted upon the user who gives a delay parameter after -f.

       Trace data are organized by node, process identifier and list number.  A process can store
       traces on any node, although the local node is the obvious, least intrusive  choice.   The
       process can identify itself in any meaningful way (getpid(2) is a good idea) The list num-
       ber is also chosen by the process.  These values may be set by  an  instrumented  library,
       such  as libmpi(3), or directly by the application with lam_rtrstore(2).  Unloading flexi-
       bility follows that of storing with the -l option selecting the list number, and  standard
       LAM command line mnemonics selecting nodes and processes.

       Dropping  old traces when a pre-compiled volume limit is reached only happens for positive
       list numbers.  Traces in negatively numbered lists will be collected until the  underlying
       system runs out of memory.  Do not use negative list numbers for high volume trace data.

       If  no process selection is given on the command line, trace data will be unloaded for all
       processes on each specified node.

       LAM, its trace daemon and lamtrace are all unaware of the format and meaning of traces.

       The -R option does not unload trace data.  It causes the target trace daemons to free  the
       memory  occupied  by  trace data in the given list.  If all lists are specified (no -l op-
       tion), the trace daemon is effectively reset to its state after initiating LAM.

   Unloading MPI Trace Data
       A special capability, selected by the -mpi option, exists to search for	and  unload  only
       the  trace  data  generated by an MPI application.  For this purpose, lamtrace is aware of
       the particular reserved list numbers that libmpi(3) uses to store traces.   It  begins  by
       searching  all  specified  nodes and processes (the whole LAM multicomputer, if nothing is
       specified) for a special trace generated by process rank 0 in MPI_COMM_WORLD of an MPI ap-
       plication.   This special trace contains the node and process identifiers of all processes
       in that MPI_COMM_WORLD communicator.  lamtrace then uses the node / process information to
       collect all trace data generated by libmpi(3).

       If  multiple  world communicators exist within LAM's trace daemons, the first one found is
       used.  Multiple worlds may be present due to multiple concurrent applications, trace  data
       from  a	previous run not removed (either with lamtrace or lamclean(1)), or an application
       that spawns processes.  A particular world communicator can be located by  providing  pre-
       cise node and process location to lamtrace.

       The -mpi option is not compatible with the -l option.

       lamtrace -v -mpi mytraces
	   Unload  trace  data into the file "mytraces" from the first MPI application found in a
	   search of the entire LAM multicomputer.  Report on important steps as they are done.

       lamtrace n30 -l 5 p21367
	   Unload trace data from list 5 of process ID 21367 on node 30.  Operate silently.

       lamtrace -mpi n30 p21367
	   Unload trace data from the MPI application world group whose process rank  0  has  PID
	   21367 and is/was running on node 30.

       Since  trace data can be unloaded during an application's execution, there should be a way
       to incrementally append to an output file.  This is a bit tricky with -mpi, but it can  be

       def.lamtr     default output file

       mpirun(1), loadgo(1), lam_rtrstore(1), lamclean(1), libmpi(3), xmpi(1)

LAM 6.5.8				  November, 2002			      LAMTRACE(1)

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