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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for cdparanoia (redhat section 1)

CDPARANOIA(1)			     General Commands Manual			    CDPARANOIA(1)

NAME
       cdparanoia  (Paranoia release III) - an audio CD reading utility which includes extra data
       verification features

DATE
       version III release alpha 9.8 (02 Mar 2001)

SYNOPSIS
       cdparanoia [options] span [outfile]

DESCRIPTION
       cdparanoia retrieves audio tracks from CDDA capable CDROM drives.  The data can	be  saved
       to  a file or directed to standard output in WAV, AIFF, AIFF-C or raw format.  Most ATAPI,
       SCSI and several proprietary CDROM drive makes are supported; cdparanoia can determine  if
       the target drive is CDDA capable.

       In  addition  to  simple reading, cdparanoia adds extra-robust data verification, synchro-
       nization, error handling and scratch reconstruction capability.

OPTIONS
       -v --verbose
	      Be absurdly verbose about the autosensing and reading process. Good for  setup  and
	      debugging.

       -q --quiet
	      Do not print any progress or error information during the reading process.

       -e --stderr-progress
	      Force output of progress information to stderr (for wrapper scripts).

       -V --version
	      Print the program version and quit.

       -Q --query
	      Perform  CDROM  drive  autosense, query and print the CDROM table of contents, then
	      quit.

       -s --search-for-drive
	      Forces a complete search for a cdrom drive, even if the /dev/cdrom link exists.

       -h --help
	      Print a brief synopsis of cdparanoia usage and options.

       -p --output-raw
	      Output headerless data as raw 16 bit PCM data with interleaved samples in host byte
	      order.  To force little or big endian byte order, use -r or -R as described below.

       -r --output-raw-little-endian
	      Output headerless data as raw 16 bit PCM data with interleaved samples in LSB first
	      byte order.

       -R --output-raw-big-endian
	      Output headerless data as raw 16 bit PCM data with interleaved samples in MSB first
	      byte order.

       -w --output-wav
	      Output  data  in	Micro$oft RIFF WAV format (note that WAV data is always LSB first
	      byte order).

       -f --output-aiff
	      Output data in Apple AIFF format (note that AIFC data is always in MSB  first  byte
	      order).

       -a --output-aifc
	      Output data in uncompressed Apple AIFF-C format (note that AIFF-C data is always in
	      MSB first byte order).

       -B --batch

	      Cdda2wav-style batch output flag; cdparanoia will split the  output  into  multiple
	      files at track boundaries.  Output file names are prepended with 'track#.'

       -c --force-cdrom-little-endian
	      Some  CDROM  drives  misreport  their endianness (or do not report it at all); it's
	      possible that cdparanoia will guess wrong.  Use -c to force cdparanoia to treat the
	      drive as a little endian device.

       -C --force-cdrom-big-endian
	      As above but force cdparanoia to treat the drive as a big endian device.

       -n --force-default-sectors n
	      Force  the interface backend to do atomic reads of n sectors per read.  This number
	      can be misleading; the kernel will often split read requests into  multiple  atomic
	      reads  (the  automated  Paranoia code is aware of this) or allow reads only wihin a
	      restricted size range.  This option should generally not be used.

       -d --force-cdrom-device device
	      Force the interface backend to read from device  rather  than  the  first  readable
	      CDROM  drive  it finds.  This can be used to specify devices of any valid interface
	      type (ATAPI, SCSI or proprietary).

       -g --force-generic-device device
	      This option is used along with -d when one wants explicit control in  setting  both
	      the  SCSI  cdrom and generic devices seperately. This option is only useful on non-
	      standard SCSI setups.

       -S --force-read-speed number
	      Use this option explicitly to set the read rate of the CD drive (where  supported).
	      This can reduce underruns on machines with slow disks, or which are low on memory.

       -t --toc-offset number
	      Use  this  option  to  force  the  entire disc LBA addressing to shift by the given
	      amount; the value is added to the beginning offsets in the TOC.  This can  be  used
	      to  shift  track boundaries for the whole disc manually on sector granularity.  The
	      next option does something similar...

       -T --toc-bias
	      Some drives (usually random Toshibas) report the actual track beginning offset val-
	      ues in the TOC, but then treat the beginning of track 1 index 1 as sector 0 for all
	      read operations.	This results in every track seeming to start too late  (losing	a
	      bit  of  the beginning and catching a bit of the next track).  -T accounts for this
	      behavior.  Note that this option will cause cdparanoia to attempt to  read  sectors
	      before  or  past	the known user data area of the disc, resulting in read errors at
	      disc edges on most drives and possibly even hard lockups on some buggy hardware.

       -O --sample-offset number
	      Use this option to force the entire disc to shift sample	position  output  by  the
	      given  amount;  This can be used to shift track boundaries for the whole disc manu-
	      ally on sample granularity. Note that this will cause cdparanoia to attempt to read
	      partial sectors before or past the known user data area of the disc, probably caus-
	      ing read errors on most drives and possibly even hard lockups on some  buggy  hard-
	      ware.

       -Z --disable-paranoia
	      Disable  all  data verification and correction features.	When using -Z, cdparanoia
	      reads data exactly as would cdda2wav with an overlap setting of zero.  This  option
	      implies that -Y is active.

       -z --never-skip[=max_retries]
	      Do  not  accept  any skips; retry forever if needed.  An optional maximum number of
	      retries can be specified; for comparison, default without -z is currently 20.

       -Y --disable-extra-paranoia
	      Disables intra-read data verification; only overlap checking at read boundaries  is
	      performed.  It  can wedge if errors occur in the attempted overlap area. Not recom-
	      mended.

       -X --abort-on-skip
	      If the read skips due to imperfect data, a scratch, whatever,  abort  reading  this
	      track.  If output is to a file, delete the partially completed file.

OUTPUT SMILIES
	 :-)  Normal operation, low/no jitter

	 :-|  Normal operation, considerable jitter

	 :-/  Read drift

	 :-P  Unreported loss of streaming in atomic read operation

	 8-|  Finding read problems at same point during reread; hard to correct

	 :-0  SCSI/ATAPI transport error

	 :-(  Scratch detected

	 ;-(  Gave up trying to perform a correction

	 8-X  Aborted read due to known, uncorrectable error

	 :^D  Finished extracting

PROGRESS BAR SYMBOLS
       <space>
	      No corrections needed

	  -   Jitter correction required

	  +   Unreported loss of streaming/other error in read

	  !   Errors  found  after stage 1 correction; the drive is making the same error through
	      multiple re-reads, and cdparanoia is having trouble detecting them.

	  e   SCSI/ATAPI transport error (corrected)

	  V   Uncorrected error/skip

SPAN ARGUMENT
       The span argument specifies which track, tracks or subsections of tracks  to  read.   This
       argument  is  required.	 NOTE:	Unless the span is a simple number, it's generally a good
       idea to quote the span argument to protect it from the shell.

       The span argument may be a simple track number or an offset/span specification.	The  syn-
       tax of an offset/span takes the rough form:

       1[ww:xx:yy.zz]-2[aa:bb:cc.dd]

       Here,  1  and  2 are track numbers; the numbers in brackets provide a finer grained offset
       within a particular track. [aa:bb:cc.dd] is in hours/minutes/seconds/sectors format.  Zero
       fields  need  not  be  specified: [::20], [:20], [20], [20.], etc, would be interpreted as
       twenty seconds, [10:] would be ten minutes, [.30] would be thirty sectors (75 sectors  per
       second).

       When  only a single offset is supplied, it is interpreted as a starting offset and ripping
       will continue to the end of the track.  If a single offset is preceeded or followed  by	a
       hyphen,	the  implicit missing offset is taken to be the start or end of the disc, respec-
       tively. Thus:

       1:[20.35]
	      Specifies ripping from track 1, second 20, sector 35 to the end of track 1.

       1:[20.35]-
	      Specifies ripping from 1[20.35] to the end of the disc

       -2     Specifies ripping from the beginning of the disc up to (and including) track 2

       -2:[30.35]
	      Specifies ripping from the beginning of the disc up to 2:[30.35]

       2-4    Specifies ripping from the beginning of track 2 to the end of track 4.

       Again, don't forget to protect square brackets and preceeding hyphens from the shell.

EXAMPLES
       A few examples, protected from the shell:

       Query only with exhaustive search for a drive and full reporting of autosense:

	      cdparanoia -vsQ

       Extract an entire disc, putting each track in a seperate file:

	      cdparanoia -B

       Extract from track 1, time 0:30.12 to 1:10.00:

	      cdparanoia "1[:30.12]-1[1:10]"

       Extract from the beginning of the disc up to track 3:

	      cdparanoia -- "-3"

       The "--" above is to distinguish "-3" from an option flag.

OUTPUT
       The output file argument is optional; if it is not specified, cdparanoia will output  sam-
       ples  to  one of cdda.wav, cdda.aifc, or cdda.raw depending on whether -w, -a, -r or -R is
       used (-w is the implicit default).  The output file argument of - specifies standard  out-
       put; all data formats may be piped.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       Cdparanoia  sprang  from  and  once  drew  heavily from the interface of Heiko Eissfeldt's
       (heiko@colossus.escape.de) 'cdda2wav' package. Cdparanoia would not have happened  without
       it.

       Joerg  Schilling  has  also  contributed SCSI expertise through his generic SCSI transport
       library.

AUTHOR
       Monty <monty@xiph.org>

       Cdparanoia's homepage may be found at:

				     http://www.xiph.org/paranoia/

										    CDPARANOIA(1)


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