fgetc, getc, getchar, fputc, putc, putchar, ungetc, fgets, gets, fputs, puts, fread,
fwrite - Stdio input and output
int fgetc(FILE *f)
int getc(FILE *f)
int fputc(int c, FILE *f)
int putc(int c, FILE *f)
int putchar(int c)
int ungetc(int c, FILE *f)
char *fgets(char *s, int n, FILE *f)
char *gets(char *s)
int fputs(char *s, FILE *f)
int puts(char *s)
long fread(void *ptr, long itemsize, long nitems, FILE *stream)
long fwrite(void *ptr, long itemsize, long nitems, FILE *stream)
The functions described here work on open Stdio streams (see fopen).
Fgetc returns as an int the next unsigned char from input stream f. If the stream is at
end-of-file, the end-of-file indicator for the stream is set and fgetc returns EOF. If a
read error occurs, the error indicator for the stream is set and fgetc returns EOF. Getc
is like fgetc except that it is implemented as a macro. Getchar is like getc except that
it always reads from stdin.
Ungetc pushes character c back onto the input stream f. The pushed-back character will be
returned by subsequent reads in the reverse order of their pushing. A successful inter-
vening fseek, fsetpos, or rewind on f discards any pushed-back characters for f. One
character of push-back is guaranteed. Ungetc returns the character pushed back (converted
to unsigned char), or EOF if the operation fails. A successful call to ungetc clears the
end-of-file indicator for the stream. The file position indicator for the stream after
reading or discarding all pushed-back characters is the same as it was before the charac-
ters were pushed back.
Fputc writes character c (converted to unsigned char) to output stream f at the position
indicated by the position indicator for the stream and advances the indicator appropri-
ately. If the file cannot support positioning requests, or if the stream was opened with
append mode, the character is appended to the output stream. Fputc returns the character
written or EOF if there was a write error. Putc is like fputc but is implemented as a
macro. Putchar is like putc except that it always writes to stdout.
All other input takes place as if characters were read by successive calls to fgetc and
all other output takes place as if characters were written by successive calls to fputc.
Fgets reads up to and including the next newline, but not past end-of-file or more than
n-1 characters, from stream f into array s. A null character is written immediately after
the last character read into the array (if any characters are read at all). Fgets returns
s if successful, otherwise a null pointer. Gets is similar to fgets except that it always
reads from stdin and it discards the terminating newline, if any. Gets does not check for
overflow of the receiving array, so its use is deprecated.
Fputs writes the string s to stream f, returning EOF if a write error occurred, otherwise
a nonnegative value. The terminating null character is not written. Puts is the same,
writing to stdout.
Fread reads from the named input stream at most nitems of data of size itemsize and the
type of *ptr into a block beginning at ptr. It returns the number of items actually read.
Fwrite appends to the named output stream at most nitems of data of size itemsize and the
type of *ptr from a block beginning at ptr. It returns the number of items actually writ-
read(2), fopen(2), bio(2)
Stdio does not handle UTF or runes; use Bio instead.