Plan 9 - man page for tcs (plan9 section 1)
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tcs - translate character sets
tcs [ -slcv ] [ -f ics ] [ -t ocs ] [ file ... ]
Tcs interprets the named file(s) (standard input default) as a stream of characters from
the ics character set or format, converts them to runes, and then converts them into a
stream of characters from the ocs character set or format on the standard output. The
default value for ics and ocs is utf, the UTF encoding described in utf(6). The -l option
lists the character sets known to tcs. Processing continues in the face of conversion
errors (the -s option prevents reporting of these errors). The -c option forces the out-
put to contain only correctly converted characters; otherwise, 0x80 characters will be
substituted for UTF encoding errors and 0xFFFD characters will substituted for unknown
The -v option generates various diagnostic and summary information on standard error, or
makes the -l output more verbose.
Tcs recognizes an ever changing list of character sets. In particular, it supports a
variety of Russian and Japanese encodings. Some of the supported encodings are
utf The Plan 9 UTF encoding, known by ISO as UTF-8
utf1 The deprecated original UTF encoding from ISO 10646
ascii 7-bit ASCII
8859-1 Latin-1 (Central European)
8859-2 Latin-2 (Czech .. Slovak)
8859-3 Latin-3 (Dutch .. Turkish)
8859-4 Latin-4 (Scandinavian)
8859-5 Part 5 (Cyrillic)
8859-6 Part 6 (Arabic)
8859-7 Part 7 (Greek)
8859-8 Part 8 (Hebrew)
8859-9 Latin-5 (Finnish .. Portuguese)
koi8 KOI-8 (GOST 19769-74)
ujis EUC-JX: JIS 0208
Microsoft, or Shift-JIS
jis (from only) guesses between ISO 2022-JP, EUC or Shift-Jis
gb Chinese national standard (GB2312-80)
big5 Big 5 (HKU version)
Unicode Standard 1.0
tis Thai character set plus ASCII (TIS 620-1986)
msdos IBM PC: CP 437
atari Atari-ST character set
tcs -f 8859-1
Convert 8859-1 (Latin-1) characters into UTF format.
tcs -s -f jis
Convert characters encoded in one of several shift JIS encodings into UTF format.
Unknown Kanji will be converted into 0xFFFD characters.
Print an up to date list of the supported character sets.
ascii(1), rune(2), utf(6).
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