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exif_read_data(3) [php man page]

EXIF_READ_DATA(3)							 1							 EXIF_READ_DATA(3)

exif_read_data - Reads theEXIFheaders fromJPEGorTIFF

SYNOPSIS
array exif_read_data NULL (string $filename, [string $sections], [bool $arrays = false], [bool $thumbnail = false]) DESCRIPTION
exif_read_data(3) reads the EXIF headers from a JPEG or TIFF image file. This way you can read meta data generated by digital cameras. EXIF headers tend to be present in JPEG/TIFF images generated by digital cameras, but unfortunately each digital camera maker has a differ- ent idea of how to actually tag their images, so you can't always rely on a specific Exif header being present. Height and Width are computed the same way getimagesize(3) does so their values must not be part of any header returned. Also, html is a height/width text string to be used inside normal HTML. When an Exif header contains a Copyright note, this itself can contain two values. As the solution is inconsistent in the Exif 2.10 stan- dard, the COMPUTED section will return both entries Copyright.Photographer and Copyright.Editor while the IFD0 sections contains the byte array with the NULL character that splits both entries. Or just the first entry if the datatype was wrong (normal behaviour of Exif). The COMPUTED will also contain the entry Copyright which is either the original copyright string, or a comma separated list of the photo and editor copyright. The tag UserComment has the same problem as the Copyright tag. It can store two values. First the encoding used, and second the value itself. If so the IFD section only contains the encoding or a byte array. The COMPUTED section will store both in the entries UserCom- mentEncoding and UserComment. The entry UserComment is available in both cases so it should be used in preference to the value in IFD0 sec- tion. exif_read_data(3) also validates EXIF data tags according to the EXIF specification (http://exif.org/Exif2-2.PDF, page 20). Note Windows Me/XP can both wipe the Exif headers when connecting to a camera. PARAMETERS
o $filename - The name of the image file being read. This cannot be an URL. o $sections - Is a comma separated list of sections that need to be present in file to produce a result array. If none of the requested sec- tions could be found the return value is FALSE. +----------+---------------------------------------------------+ | FILE | | | | | | | FileName, FileSize, FileDateTime, SectionsFound | | | | |COMPUTED | | | | | | | html, Width, Height, IsColor, and more if avail- | | | able. Height and Width are computed the same way | | | getimagesize(3) does so their values must not be | | | part of any header returned. Also, html is a | | | height/width text string to be used inside normal | | | HTML. | | | | | ANY_TAG | | | | | | | Any information that has a Tag e.g. IFD0, EXIF, | | | ... | | | | | IFD0 | | | | | | | All tagged data of IFD0. In normal imagefiles | | | this contains image size and so forth. | | | | |THUMBNAIL | | | | | | | A file is supposed to contain a thumbnail if it | | | has a second IFD. All tagged information about | | | the embedded thumbnail is stored in this section. | | | | | COMMENT | | | | | | | Comment headers of JPEG images. | | | | | EXIF | | | | | | | The EXIF section is a sub section of IFD0. It | | | contains more detailed information about an | | | image. Most of these entries are digital camera | | | related. | | | | +----------+---------------------------------------------------+ o $arrays - Specifies whether or not each section becomes an array. The $sections COMPUTED, THUMBNAIL, and COMMENT always become arrays as they may contain values whose names conflict with other sections. o $thumbnail - When set to TRUE the thumbnail itself is read. Otherwise, only the tagged data is read. RETURN VALUES
It returns an associative array where the array indexes are the header names and the array values are the values associated with those headers. If no data can be returned, exif_read_data(3) will return FALSE. CHANGELOG
+--------+---------------------------------------------------+ |Version | | | | | | | Description | | | | +--------+---------------------------------------------------+ | 4.3.0 | | | | | | | Can read all embedded IFD data including arrays | | | (returned as such). Also the size of an embedded | | | thumbnail is returned in a THUMBNAIL subarray, | | | and can return thumbnails in TIFF format. Also, | | | there is no longer a maximum length for returned | | | values (not until the memory limit has been | | | reached) | | | | | 4.3.0 | | | | | | | If PHP has mbstring support, the user comment | | | can automatically change encoding. Also, if the | | | user comment uses Unicode or JIS encoding this | | | encoding will automatically be changed according | | | to the exif ini settings in php.ini | | | | | 4.3.0 | | | | | | | If the image contains any IFD0 data then COM- | | | PUTED contains the entry ByteOrderMotorola which | | | is 0 for little-endian (intel) and 1 for big- | | | endian (motorola) byte order. Also, COMPUTED and | | | UserComment no longer only contain the first | | | copyright entry if the datatype was wrong. | | | | +--------+---------------------------------------------------+ EXAMPLES
Example #1 exif_read_data(3) example <?php echo "test1.jpg:<br /> "; $exif = exif_read_data('tests/test1.jpg', 'IFD0'); echo $exif===false ? "No header data found.<br /> " : "Image contains headers<br /> "; $exif = exif_read_data('tests/test2.jpg', 0, true); echo "test2.jpg:<br /> "; foreach ($exif as $key => $section) { foreach ($section as $name => $val) { echo "$key.$name: $val<br /> "; } } ?> The first call fails because the image has no header information. The above example will output something similar to: test1.jpg: No header data found. test2.jpg: FILE.FileName: test2.jpg FILE.FileDateTime: 1017666176 FILE.FileSize: 1240 FILE.FileType: 2 FILE.SectionsFound: ANY_TAG, IFD0, THUMBNAIL, COMMENT COMPUTED.html: width="1" height="1" COMPUTED.Height: 1 COMPUTED.Width: 1 COMPUTED.IsColor: 1 COMPUTED.ByteOrderMotorola: 1 COMPUTED.UserComment: Exif test image. COMPUTED.UserCommentEncoding: ASCII COMPUTED.Copyright: Photo (c) M.Boerger, Edited by M.Boerger. COMPUTED.Copyright.Photographer: Photo (c) M.Boerger COMPUTED.Copyright.Editor: Edited by M.Boerger. IFD0.Copyright: Photo (c) M.Boerger IFD0.UserComment: ASCII THUMBNAIL.JPEGInterchangeFormat: 134 THUMBNAIL.JPEGInterchangeFormatLength: 523 COMMENT.0: Comment #1. COMMENT.1: Comment #2. COMMENT.2: Comment #3end THUMBNAIL.JPEGInterchangeFormat: 134 THUMBNAIL.Thumbnail.Height: 1 THUMBNAIL.Thumbnail.Height: 1 SEE ALSO
exif_thumbnail(3), getimagesize(3). PHP Documentation Group EXIF_READ_DATA(3)
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