HTTPD(8) httpd HTTPD(8)
httpd - Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol Server
httpd [ -d serverroot ] [ -f config ] [ -C directive ] [ -c directive ] [ -D parameter ] [ -e level ] [ -E file ] [ -k start|restart|grace-
ful|stop|graceful-stop ] [ -R directory ] [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -L ] [ -S ] [ -t ] [ -v ] [ -V ] [ -X ] [ -M ] [ -T ]
On Windows systems, the following additional arguments are available:
httpd [ -k install|config|uninstall ] [ -n name ] [ -w ]
httpd is the Apache HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server program. It is designed to be run as a standalone daemon process. When used
like this it will create a pool of child processes or threads to handle requests.
In general, httpd should not be invoked directly, but rather should be invoked via apachectl on Unix-based systems or as a service on Win-
dows NT, 2000 and XP and as a console application on Windows 9x and ME.
Set the initial value for the ServerRoot directive to serverroot. This can be overridden by the ServerRoot directive in the configu-
ration file. The default is /usr/local/apache2.
Uses the directives in the file config on startup. If config does not begin with a /, then it is taken to be a path relative to the
ServerRoot. The default is conf/httpd.conf.
Signals httpd to start, restart, or stop. See Stopping Apache httpd for more information.
Process the configuration directive before reading config files.
Process the configuration directive after reading config files.
Sets a configuration parameter which can be used with <IfDefine> sections in the configuration files to conditionally skip or
process commands at server startup and restart. Also can be used to set certain less-common startup parameters including -DNO_DETACH
(prevent the parent from forking) and -DFOREGROUND (prevent the parent from calling setsid() et al).
Sets the LogLevel to level during server startup. This is useful for temporarily increasing the verbosity of the error messages to
find problems during startup.
Send error messages during server startup to file.
When the server is compiled using the SHARED_CORE rule, this specifies the directory for the shared object files.
-h Output a short summary of available command line options.
-l Output a list of modules compiled into the server. This will not list dynamically loaded modules included using the LoadModule
-L Output a list of directives together with expected arguments and places where the directive is valid.
-M Dump a list of loaded Static and Shared Modules.
-S Show the settings as parsed from the config file (currently only shows the virtualhost settings).
-T (Available in 2.2.17 and later)
Skip document root check at startup/restart.
-t Run syntax tests for configuration files only. The program immediately exits after these syntax parsing tests with either a return
code of 0 (Syntax OK) or return code not equal to 0 (Syntax Error). If -D DUMP_VHOSTS is also set, details of the virtual host con-
figuration will be printed. If -D DUMP_MODULES is set, all loaded modules will be printed.
-v Print the version of httpd, and then exit.
-V Print the version and build parameters of httpd, and then exit.
-X Run httpd in debug mode. Only one worker will be started and the server will not detach from the console.
The following arguments are available only on the Windows platform:
Install Apache httpd as a Windows NT service; change startup options for the Apache httpd service; and uninstall the Apache httpd
The name of the Apache httpd service to signal.
-w Keep the console window open on error so that the error message can be read.
Apache HTTP Server 2012-02-10 HTTPD(8)