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inline-faq5.12(3) [osx man page]

Inline-FAQ(3)						User Contributed Perl Documentation					     Inline-FAQ(3)

Welcome to the official Inline FAQ. In this case, FAQ means: Formerly Answered Questions This is a collection of old, long-winded emails that myself and others have sent to the Inline mailing list. ( They have been reviewed and edited for general Inline edification. Some of them may be related to a specific language. They are presented here in a traditional FAQ layout. General Inline Since there is only a handful of content so far, all FAQs are currently under this heading. How disposable is a .Inline or _Inline directory? I probably need to be more emphatic about the roll of _Inline/ cache directories. Since they are created automatically, they are completely disposable. I delete them all the time. And it is fine to have a different one for each project. In fact as long as you don't have ~/.Inline/ defined, Inline will create a new ./_Inline directory. You can move that to ./.Inline and it will continue to work if you want to give it more longevity and hide it from view. There is a long complicated list of rules about how [_.]Inline/ directories are used/created. But it was designed to give you the most flexibility/ease-of-use. Never be afraid to nuke 'em. They'll just pop right back next time. :) Whatever happened to the SITE_INSTALL option? SITE_INSTALL is gone. I was going to leave it in and change the semantics, but thought it better to remove it, so people wouldn't try to use it the old way. There is now _INSTALL_ (but you're not supposed to know that :). It works magically through the use of Inline::MakeMaker. I explained this earlier but it's worth going through again because it's the biggest change for 0.40. Here's how to 'permanently' install an Inline extension (Inline based module) with 0.40: 1) Create a module with Inline. 2) Test it using the normal/local _Inline/ cache. 3) Create a Makefile.PL (like the one produced by h2xs) 4) Change 'use ExtUtils::MakeMaker' to 'use Inline::MakeMaker' 5) Change your 'use Inline C => DATA' to 'use Inline C => DATA => NAME => Foo => VERSION => 1.23' 6) Make sure NAME matches your package name ('Foo'), or begins with 'Foo::'. 7) Make sure VERSION matches $Foo::VERSION. This must be a string (not a number) matching /^d.dd$/ 8) Do the perl/make/test/install dance (thanks binkley :) With Inline 0.41 (or thereabouts) you can skip steps 3 & 4, and just say 'perl -MInline=INSTALL ./'. This will work for non-Inline modules too. It will become the defacto standard (since there is no easy standard) way of installing a Perl module. It will allow Makefile.PL parameters 'perl -MInline=INSTALL ./ - PREFIX=/home/ingy/perl' and things like that. It will also make use of a MANIFEST if you provide one. How do I create a binary distribution using Inline? I've figured out how to create and install a PPM binary distribution; with or without distributing the C code! And I've decided to share it with all of you :) NOTE: Future versions of Inline will make this process a one line command. But for now just use this simple recipe. --- The Inline 0.40 distribution comes with a sample extension module called Math::Simple. Theoretically you could distribute this module on CPAN. It has all the necessary support for installation. You can find it in Inline-0.40/modules/Math/Simple/. Here are the steps for converting this into a binary distribution *without* C source code. NOTE: The recipient of this binary distribution will need to have the module installed. This module requires a lot of other CPAN modules. ActivePerl (available for Win32, Linux, and Solaris) has all of these bundled. While ActivePerl isn't required, it makes things (a lot) easier. 1) cd Inline-0.40/Math/Simple/ 2) Divide into two files: ---8<--- ( package Math::Simple; use strict; require Exporter; @Math::Simple::ISA = qw(Exporter); @Math::Simple::EXPORT = qw(add subtract); $Math::Simple::VERSION = '1.23'; use Inline (C => 'src/Simple.c' => NAME => 'Math::Simple', VERSION => '1.23', ); 1; ---8<--- ---8<--- (src/Simple.c) int add (int x, int y) { return x + y; } int subtract (int x, int y) { return x - y; } ---8<--- So now you have the Perl in one file and the C in the other. The C code must be in a subdirectory. 3) Note that I also changed the term 'DATA' to the name of the C file. This will work just as if the C were still inline. 4) Run 'perl Makefile.PL' 5) Run 'make test' 6) Get the MD5 key from 'blib/arch/auto/Math/Simple/Simple.inl' 7) Edit 'blib/lib/Math/'. Change 'src/Simple.c' to '02c61710cab5b659efc343a9a830aa73' (the MD5 key) 8) Run 'make ppd' 9) Edit 'Math-Simple.ppd'. Fill in AUTHOR and ABSTRACT if you wish. Then change: <CODEBASE HREF="" /> to <CODEBASE HREF="Math-Simple.tar.gz" /> 10) Run: tar cvf Math-Simple.tar blib gzip --best Math-Simple.tar 11) Run: tar cvf Math-Simple-1.23.tar Math-Simple.ppd Math-Simple.tar.gz gzip --best Math-Simple-1.23.tar 12) Distribute Math-Simple-1.23.tar.gz with the following instructions: A) Run: gzip -d Math-Simple-1.23.tar.gz tar xvzf Math-Simple-1.23.tar B) Run 'ppm install Math-Simple.ppd' C) Delete Math-Simple.tar and Math-Simple.ppd. D) Test with: perl -MMath::Simple -le 'print add(37, 42)' --- That's it. The process should also work with zip instead of tar, but I haven't tried it. The recipient of the binary must have Perl built with a matching architecture. Luckily, ppm will catch this. For a binary dist *with* C source code, simply omit steps 2, 3, 6, and 7. If this seems too hard, then in a future version you should be able to just type: make ppm perl v5.12.5 2010-07-04 Inline-FAQ(3)
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