SEM_WAIT(2) BSD System Calls Manual SEM_WAIT(2)NAME
sem_trywait, sem_wait -- lock a semaphore
The semaphore referenced by sem is locked. When calling sem_wait(), if the semaphore's value is zero, the calling thread will block until
the lock is acquired or until the call is interrupted by a signal. Alternatively, the sem_trywait() function will fail if the semaphore is
already locked, rather than blocking on the semaphore.
If successful (the lock was acquired), sem_wait() and sem_trywait() will return 0. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set, and the state
of the semaphore is unchanged.
sem_wait() and sem_trywait() succeed unless:
[EAGAIN] The semaphore is already locked.
[EDEADLK] A deadlock was detected.
[EINTR] The call was interrupted by a signal.
[EINVAL] sem is not a valid semaphore descriptor.
Applications may encounter a priority inversion while using semaphores. When a thread is waiting on a semaphore which is about to be posted
by a lower-priority thread and the lower-priority thread is preempted by another thread (of medium priority), a priority inversion has
occured, and the higher-priority thread will be blocked for an unlimited time period. Programmers using the realtime functionality of the
system should take care to avoid priority inversions.
SEE ALSO sem_open(2), sem_post(2), semctl(2), semget(2), semop(2)HISTORY
sem_wait() and sem_trywait() are specified in the POSIX Realtime Extension (1003.1b-1993/1003.1i-1995).
Darwin June 8, 2000 Darwin
Check Out this Related Man Page
sem_wait(3) Library Functions Manual sem_wait(3)NAME
sem_wait, sem_trywait - Performs (or conditionally performs) a semaphore lock (P1003.1b)
Realtime Library (librt.so, librt.a)
int sem_wait (
int sem_trywait (
sem Specifies a pointer to the semaphore to be locked.
The sem_wait function locks the semaphore referenced by sem by performing a semaphore lock operation on it. If the semaphore value is zero,
the sem_wait function blocks until it either locks the semaphore or is interrupted by a signal.
The sem_trywait function locks a semaphore only if the semaphore is currently not locked. If the semaphore value is zero, the sem_trywait
function returns without locking the semaphore.
These functions help ensure that the resource associated with the semaphore cannot be accessed by other processes. The semaphore remains
locked until the process unlocks it with a call to the sem_post function.
Use the sem_wait function instead of the sem_trywait function if the process should wait for access to the semaphore.
If the sem_wait or sem_trywait function returns successfully, a value of 0 (zero) is returned and the function executes the semaphore lock
On an unsuccessful call, a value of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate that an error occurred. The state of the semaphore remains
The sem_wait and sem_trywait functions fail under the following conditions:
[EAGAIN] The semaphore was already locked and cannot be locked by the sem_trywait operation (sem_trywait only).
[EINTR] A signal interrupted this function.
[EINVAL] The sem argument does not refer to a valid semaphore.
Guide to Realtime Programming delim off
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