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vipw(8) [osf1 man page]

vipw(8) 						      System Manager's Manual							   vipw(8)

NAME
vipw - Edits the /etc/passwd file SYNOPSIS
/usr/sbin/vipw DESCRIPTION
You use the vipw command to edit the /etc/passwd file with the editor defined in the EDITOR environment variable. If the variable is not set, the default editor is vi. The vipw command performs basic consistency checks on the edited file. If a hashed indexed passwd existed previously, the vipw command uses the mkpasswd command to create recreate it. The command must not be used on systems that use extended security attributes since it cannot set or change them. You must be root to run this command. Only root and security administrators should have execute access to this command. Since the vipw command cannot effectively change all the attributes of users, it should not be used in a secure environment. The vipw command accesses the following files, and requires the listed permissions: ------------------------------ Permissions File ------------------------------ rw /etc/passwd rw /etc/passwd.pag rw /etc/passwd.dir rw /etc/ptmp rw /etc/ptmp.pag rw /etc/ptmp.dir ------------------------------ EXAMPLE
To edit the /etc/passwd file, type the following command and add the required line entry: vipw FILES
Specifies the command path RELATED INFORMATION
Commands: passwd(1), passwd(4), adduser(8), mkpasswd(8) delim off vipw(8)

Check Out this Related Man Page

VIPW(8) 						    BSD System Manager's Manual 						   VIPW(8)

NAME
vipw -- edit the password file SYNOPSIS
vipw [-d directory] DESCRIPTION
vipw edits the password file after setting the appropriate locks, and does any necessary processing after the password file is unlocked. If the password file is already locked for editing by another user, vipw will ask you to try again later. The default editor for vipw is vi(1). vipw performs a number of consistency checks on the password entries, and will not allow a password file with a ``mangled'' entry to be installed. If vipw rejects the new password file, the user is prompted to re-enter the edit session. Once the information has been verified, vipw uses pwd_mkdb(8) to update the user database. This is run in the background, and, at very large sites could take several minutes. Until this update is completed, the password file is unavailable for other updates and the new information is not available to programs. The options are as follows: -d directory Change the root directory of the password file from ``/'' to directory. If a vipw session is killed it may leave ``/etc/ptmp'', which will cause future vipw executions to fail with ``vipw: the passwd file is busy'', until it is removed. ENVIRONMENT
If the following environment variable exists it will be used by vipw: EDITOR The editor specified by the string EDITOR will be invoked instead of the default editor vi(1). FILES
/etc/master.passwd The current password file. /etc/ptmp Temporary copy of the password file used while editing. SEE ALSO
chpass(1), passwd(1), pwhash(1), passwd(5), passwd.conf(5), pwd_mkdb(8), user(8) HISTORY
The vipw command appeared in 4.0BSD. BSD
September 4, 2005 BSD

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