send(1) General Commands Manual send(1)
send - send a message (only available within the message handling system, mh)
send [options] [file...]
Directs send to consult the named files for alias definitions. More than one file, each preceded by -alias, can be named. See mh-alias(4)
for more information. Specifies that the current draft is the message to be sent. If you do not give a file argument, send will query
whether the current draft is the file that you intend to send. You can suppress this question by using this option. Specifies the draft
folder from which the draft message is taken. The send command will search the specified folder for the draft message and will deliver it
to the specified recipients. The current message in the named folder is used. If you wish to use another message, you can use the
-draftmessage option with -draftfolder. If there is no current draft message in the specified folder, send will display an error message.
Specifies the draft message to be used. If you specify a folder with the -draftfolder option, the -draftmessage option takes the number of
a message in that folder. If you do not specify a folder, -draftmessage takes the name of a file. If you do not give an absolute pathname
(one beginning with / or or ), -draftmessage assumes that the file is located in your Mail directory. Filters (re-formats) messages sent
to blind copy recipients. Recipients named in the Bcc: field usually receive a new message which includes a copy of a message sent to the
other recipients. If this option is given, this copy of the message is filtered according to the instructions in the named file. The
default is -nofilter. Replaces each of the entries in the To: and cc: fields with standard format entries. This standard format is
designed to be usable by all of the message handlers on the various systems around the Internet. If -noformat is given, then headers are
output exactly as they appear in the message draft. The default is -format. Forwards a copy of a draft message that cannot be sent to the
sender. This option can only be used with the -push option. If you have specified -push and the draft message cannot be sent, a failure
notice is generated and sent to you. If you also give this option, a copy of the problem message is forwarded with the failure notice.
This differs from putting send in the background, because the output is trapped and analyzed by MH. This is the default behavior. It can be
suppressed by specifying the -noforward option. Prints a list of the valid options to this command. Adds a Message-ID: field to the mes-
sage. Specifies the mail system over which mail is sent. The only value allowed is smtp, which is the standard mail system. Additional
values are supported only for use with other mail systems. Instructs send to perform its actions in the background. If a draft fails to be
sent, a failure notice is generated and sent to the sender of the problem message. If you also specify the -forward option, the message is
forwarded with the failure notice. Informs the user of each step of the sending process, prior to actual delivery. Monitors the delivery
of local and network mail. A large amount of information can be gathered about each step of the message's entry into the transport system
by specifying both this and the -verbose option. Specifies the length of header lines containing addresses.
The defaults for the send command are:
file defaults to <mh-dir>/draft alias /usr/lib/mh/MailAliases -nodraftfolder -nofilter -format -forward -nomsgid -mts smtp -nopush -nover-
bose -nowatch -width 72
Use send to send the draft message to the specified recipients. You normally choose send as one of the options from the whatnow program.
However, you can use send just like any other MH command.
If you do not have a draft folder set up, messages are created in a file called draft in your Mail directory. The draft message remains in
the file draft until it is either sent or deleted. This means that you can only have one draft message at a time. If you do have a draft
folder set up, or if you have specified one using the -draftfolder option, the draft message is created in this folder, which enables you
to store multiple draft messages. For more information, see comp(1).
The command send will normally search for the draft message in the file draft or in your draft folder and cause it to be delivered to each
of the destinations in the To:, cc:, Bcc:, and Fcc: fields of the message. If send is redistributing a message, as invoked from dist, the
corresponding Resent-xxx fields are examined instead. The delivery is carried out using post(8).
If you wish to send a named file instead of an existing draft message, you can specify the file as the file argument. If you do not give
an absolute pathname (one beginning with / or or ) send assumes that the named file is in your directory. Note that the file must be for-
matted as a legal mail message. If you want to send an existing mail message rather than a named file, you should use the -draftfolder or
Once the transport system has successfully received the message, the mail system will rename the file with a leading comma. This allows it
to be retrieved until the next draft message is sent. If there are errors in the formatting of the message, send will abort and issue an
If the environment variable $SIGNATURE is set, then its value is used as your personal name when constructing the From: line of the mes-
sage. If this variable is not set, then send will consult the profile entry Signature: for this information.
If send is redistributing a message (when invoked by dist), then the mail system will prepend Resent- to each of these fields: From, Date,
and Message-ID. If the message already contains a From: field, then the mail system will add a Sender: user@local field add as well.
If an Fcc: field is encountered, the mail system copies the message to the specified folder for the sender in the format in which it
appears to any normal recipients of the message. That is, it includes the fields appended by the mail system, and the fields are re-format-
ted. The Fcc: fields are removed from all outgoing copies of the message.
If the message includes a Bcc: field, recipients in this field receive a new copy of the message, which includes the body text of the orig-
inal message. The new message has a minimal set of headers. The Bcc: field does not appear on copies of the message sent to recipients in
the To: and cc: fields.
Prior to sending the message, the mail system appends Date: and From: to the headers in the message, for example:
Date: Wed, 07 June 1989 11:18:00 WET From: rabb@hostname
For this version, the -mts option only supports the value smtp. Additional values are supported for use only with other mail systems.
Path: To determine the user's MH directory
Draft-Folder: To determine the default draft folder
Signature: To determine the user's mail signature
mailproc: Program to post failure notices
postproc: Program to post the message
The user profile.
comp(1), dist(1), forw(1), repl(1), mh-alias(4), post(8)