env(1) General Commands Manual env(1)
env, printenv - Displays or sets the current environment, or displays the values of environment variables
env [-i] [name=value...] [command] [args...]
env [-] [name=value...] [command] [args...]
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Invokes utility with exactly the environment specified by the arguments; the inherited environment is ignored completely. Changes are in
effect only while the specified command is running. Dash is equivalent to -i option.
Changes in the form name=value are added to the current environment before the command is run. [Tru64 UNIX] Name of an environment vari-
able to be printed. Name of a command to be invoked with the modified environment. Arguments to be passed to command when it is executed.
The env command lets you get and change your current environment, and then run the specified command with the changed environment. If the
-i option is used, the current environment is ignored and the command runs with only the changed environment. Changes are only in effect
while the specified command is running.
If command is not specified, env displays your current environment, one name=value pair per line.
[Tru64 UNIX] The printenv command displays the values of the variables in the environment. If name is specified, only its value is
printed. If name is not the name of a currently set environment variable, only a blank line is printed, no error is reported. If name is
not specified, printenv displays the current environment, one name=value per line.
If command is invoked, the exit status of env is the exit status of command; otherwise, the env utility exits with one of the following
values: The env utility completed successfully. An error occurred in the env utility. The command specified by command was found but
could not be invoked. The command specified by command could not be found.
To add a shell variable to the environment for the duration of one command (sh only), enter: TZ=MST7MDT date env TZ=MST7MDT date
Each of these commands displays the current date and time in Mountain Standard Time. The two commands shown are equivalent. When
date is finished, the previous value of TZ takes effect again. To replace the environment with another one, enter: env -i
PATH=$PATH IDIR=/u/jim/include LIBDIR=/u/jim/lib make
This runs make in an environment that consists only of these definitions for PATH, IDIR, and LIBDIR. You must redefine PATH so that
the shell can find the make command.
When make is finished, the previous environment takes effect again. To find the current setting of the TERM environment variable,
enter: printenv TERM
The command returns the value for the TERM environment variable.
The following environment variables affect the execution of env: Provides a default value for the internationalization variables that are
unset or null. If LANG is unset or null, the corresponding value from the default locale is used. If any of the internationalization vari-
ables contain an invalid setting, the utility behaves as if none of the variables had been defined. If set to a non-empty string value,
overrides the values of all the other internationalization variables. Determines the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes
of text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multibyte characters in arguments). Determines the locale for the for-
mat and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error. Determines the location of message catalogues for the processing of
Commands: csh(1), ksh(1), Bourne shell sh(1b), POSIX shell sh(1p)