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Test Your Knowledge in Computers #941
Difficulty: Medium
A ping of death is a type of attack on a computer system that involves sending a malformed or otherwise malicious ping to a computer.
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dirfd(3c) [opensolaris man page]

dirfd(3C)						   Standard C Library Functions 						 dirfd(3C)

NAME
dirfd - get directory stream file descriptor SYNOPSIS
#include <dirent.h> int dirfd(DIR *dir); DESCRIPTION
The dirfd() function returns the file descriptor associated with the directory stream dir. This file descriptor is the one used internally by the directory stream operations. See opendir(3C), closedir(3C), readdir(3C), rewind- dir(3C), seekdir(3C), telldir(3C). The file descriptor is automatically closed when closedir() is called for the directory stream dir or when one of the exec functions is called. See exec(2). The file descriptor can safely be used only by functions that do not depend on or alter the file position, such as fstat(2) and fchdir(2). Closing the file descriptor with close(2) or modifying the file position by means other than the directory stream operations listed above causes undefined behavior to occur when one of the directory stream operations is subsequently called with the directory stream dir. RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion, the dirfd() function returns an open file descriptor for the directory associated with the directory stream dir. ERRORS
There are no defined error returns. Passing an invalid directory stream as an argument to the dirfd() function results in undefined behav- ior. USAGE
The dirfd() function is intended to be used to obtain a file descriptor for use with the fchdir() function. ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Interface Stability |Committed | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |MT-Level |Safe | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ SEE ALSO
close(2), exec(2), fchdir(2), fstat(2), closedir(3C), opendir(3C), readdir(3C), rewinddir(3C), seekdir(3C), telldir(3C), attributes(5) SunOS 5.11 24 Oct 2007 dirfd(3C)

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