t_alloc(3NSL) Networking Services Library Functions t_alloc(3NSL)
t_alloc - allocate a library structure
void *t_alloc(int fd, int struct_type, int fields);
This routine is part of the XTI interfaces which evolved from the TLI interfaces. XTI represents the future evolution of these interfaces.
However, TLI interfaces are supported for compatibility. When using a TLI routine that has the same name as an XTI routine, a different
header file, tiuser.h, must be used. Refer to the section, TLI COMPATIBILITY, for a description of differences between the two interfaces.
The t_alloc() function dynamically allocates memory for the various transport function argument structures as specified below. This func-
tion will allocate memory for the specified structure, and will also allocate memory for buffers referenced by the structure.
The structure to allocate is specified by struct_type and must be one of the following:
T_BIND struct t_bind
T_CALL struct t_call
T_OPTMGMT struct t_optmgmt
T_DIS struct t_discon
T_UNITDATA struct t_unitdata
T_UDERROR struct t_uderr
T_INFO struct t_info
where each of these structures may subsequently be used as an argument to one or more transport functions.
Each of the above structures, except T_INFO, contains at least one field of type struct netbuf. For each field of this type, the user may
specify that the buffer for that field should be allocated as well. The length of the buffer allocated will be equal to or greater than the
appropriate size as returned in the info argument of t_open(3NSL) or t_getinfo(3NSL). The relevant fields of the info argument are
described in the following list. The fields argument specifies which buffers to allocate, where the argument is the bitwise-or of any of
T_ADDR The addr field of the t_bind, t_call, t_unitdata or t_uderr structures.
T_OPT The opt field of the t_optmgmt, t_call, t_unitdata or t_uderr structures.
T_UDATA The udata field of the t_call, t_discon or t_unitdata structures.
T_ALL All relevant fields of the given structure. Fields which are not supported by the transport provider specified by fd will not
For each relevant field specified in fields, t_alloc() will allocate memory for the buffer associated with the field, and initialize the
len field to zero and the buf pointer and maxlen field accordingly. Irrelevant or unknown values passed in fields are ignored. Since the
length of the buffer allocated will be based on the same size information that is returned to the user on a call to t_open(3NSL) and t_get-
info(3NSL), fd must refer to the transport endpoint through which the newly allocated structure will be passed. In the case where a T_INFO
structure is to be allocated, fd may be set to any value. In this way the appropriate size information can be accessed. If the size value
associated with any specified field is T_INVALID, t_alloc() will be unable to determine the size of the buffer to allocate and will fail,
setting t_errno to TSYSERR and errno to EINVAL. See t_open(3NSL) or t_getinfo(3NSL). If the size value associated with any specified
field is T_INFINITE, then the behavior of t_alloc() is implementation-defined. For any field not specified in fields, buf will be set to
the null pointer and len and maxlen will be set to zero. See t_open(3NSL) or t_getinfo(3NSL).
The pointer returned if the allocation succeeds is suitably aligned so that it can be assigned to a pointer to any type of object and then
used to access such an object or array of such objects in the space allocated.
Use of t_alloc() to allocate structures will help ensure the compatibility of user programs with future releases of the transport interface
On successful completion, t_alloc() returns a pointer to the newly allocated structure. On failure, a null pointer is returned.
ALL - apart from T_UNINIT
On failure, t_errno is set to one of the following:
TBADF struct_type is other than T_INFO and the specified file descriptor does not refer to a transport endpoint.
TNOSTRUCTYPE Unsupported struct_type requested. This can include a request for a structure type which is inconsistent with the transport
provider type specified, that is, connection-mode or connectionless-mode.
TPROTO This error indicates that a communication problem has been detected between XTI and the transport provider for which there
is no other suitable XTI error (t_errno).
TSYSERR A system error has occurred during execution of this function.
The XTI and TLI interface definitions have common names but use different header files. This, and other semantic differences between the
two interfaces are described in the subsections below.
The XTI interfaces use the header file, xti.h. TLI interfaces should not use this header. They should use the header:
Error Description Values
The t_errno values that can be set by the XTI interface and cannot be set by the TLI interface are:
Special Buffer Sizes
Assume that the value associated with any field of struct t_info (argument returned by t_open() or t_getinfo()) that describes buffer lim-
its is -1. Then the underlying service provider can support a buffer of unlimited size. If this is the case, t_alloc() will allocate a
buffer with the default size 1024 bytes, which may be handled as described in the next paragraph.
If the underlying service provider supports a buffer of unlimited size in the netbuf structure (see t_connect(3NSL)), t_alloc() will return
a buffer of size 1024 bytes. If a larger size buffer is required, it will need to be allocated separately using a memory allocation routine
such as malloc(3C). The buf and maxlen fields of the netbuf data structure can then be updated with the address of the new buffer and the
1024 byte buffer originally allocated by t_alloc() can be freed using free(3C).
Assume that the value associated with any field of struct t_info (argument returned by t_open() or t_getinfo() ) that describes nbuffer
limits is -2. Then t_alloc() will set the buffer pointer to NULL and the buffer maximum size to 0, and then will return success (see
t_open(3NSL) or t_getinfo(3NSL)).
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
|MT Level |Safe |
free(3C), malloc(3C), t_connect(3NSL), t_free(3NSL), t_getinfo(3NSL), t_open(3NSL), attributes(5)
SunOS 5.11 7 May 1998 t_alloc(3NSL)