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OpenSolaris 2009.06 - man page for ggzmod_h (opensolaris section 3)

ggzmod.h(3)				      GGZMod				      ggzmod.h(3)

NAME
       ggzmod.h - Common functions for interfacing a game server and GGZ.

SYNOPSIS
       #include <ggz.h>
       #include <ggz_common.h>

   Defines
       #define GGZMOD_VERSION_MAJOR   0
       #define GGZMOD_VERSION_MINOR   0
       #define GGZMOD_VERSION_MICRO   11
       #define GGZMOD_VERSION_IFACE   '3:1:1'

   Typedefs
       typedef GGZMod GGZMod
	   A GGZmod object, used for tracking a ggz<->table connection.
       typedef void(* GGZModHandler )(GGZMod *mod, GGZModEvent e, const void *data)
	   Event handler prototype.

   Enumerations
       enum GGZModState { GGZMOD_STATE_CREATED, GGZMOD_STATE_CONNECTED, GGZMOD_STATE_WAITING,
	   GGZMOD_STATE_PLAYING, GGZMOD_STATE_DONE }
	   Table states.
       enum GGZModEvent { GGZMOD_EVENT_STATE, GGZMOD_EVENT_SERVER, GGZMOD_EVENT_PLAYER,
	   GGZMOD_EVENT_SEAT, GGZMOD_EVENT_SPECTATOR_SEAT, GGZMOD_EVENT_CHAT, GGZMOD_EVENT_STATS,
	   GGZMOD_EVENT_ERROR }
	   Callback events.
       enum GGZModType { GGZMOD_GGZ, GGZMOD_GAME }
	   The 'type' of ggzmod.

   Functions
       GGZMod * ggzmod_new (GGZModType type)
	   Create a new ggzmod object.
       void ggzmod_free (GGZMod *ggzmod)
	   Destroy a finished ggzmod object.
       int ggzmod_get_fd (GGZMod *ggzmod)
	   Get the file descriptor for the GGZMod socket.
       GGZModType ggzmod_get_type (GGZMod *ggzmod)
	   Get the type of the ggzmod object.
       GGZModState ggzmod_get_state (GGZMod *ggzmod)
	   Get the current state of the table.
       int ggzmod_get_server_fd (GGZMod *ggzmod)
	   Get the fd of the game server connection.
       int ggzmod_get_num_seats (GGZMod *ggzmod)
	   Get the total number of seats at the table.
       GGZSeat ggzmod_get_seat (GGZMod *ggzmod, int seat)
	   Get all data for the specified seat.
       int ggzmod_get_num_spectator_seats (GGZMod *ggzmod)
	   Get the maximum number of spectators. This function returns the maximum number of
	   spectator seats available. A game can use this to iterate over the spectator seats to
	   look for spectators occupying them. Since spectators may come and go at any point and
	   there is no limit on the number of spectators, you should consider this value to be
	   dynamic and call this function again each time you're looking for spectators.
       GGZSpectatorSeat ggzmod_get_spectator_seat (GGZMod *ggzmod, int seat)
	   Get a spectator's data.
       const char * ggzmod_get_player (GGZMod *ggzmod, int *is_spectator, int *seat_num)
	   Get data about this player.
       void * ggzmod_get_gamedata (GGZMod *ggzmod)
	   Return gamedata pointer.
       void ggzmod_set_gamedata (GGZMod *ggzmod, void *data)
	   Set gamedata pointer.
       void ggzmod_set_handler (GGZMod *ggzmod, GGZModEvent e, GGZModHandler func)
	   Set a handler for the given event.
       int ggzmod_dispatch (GGZMod *ggzmod)
	   Check for and handle input.
       int ggzmod_set_state (GGZMod *ggzmod, GGZModState state)
	   Change the table's state.
       int ggzmod_connect (GGZMod *ggzmod)
	   Connect to ggz.
       int ggzmod_disconnect (GGZMod *ggzmod)
	   Disconnect from ggz.
       void ggzmod_request_stand (GGZMod *ggzmod)
	   Stand up (move from your seat into a spectator seat).
       void ggzmod_request_sit (GGZMod *ggzmod, int seat_num)
	   Sit down (move from a spectator seat into a player seat).
       void ggzmod_request_boot (GGZMod *ggzmod, const char *name)
	   Boot a player. Only the game host may do this.
       void ggzmod_request_bot (GGZMod *ggzmod, int seat_num)
	   Change the requested seat from an opean seat to a bot.
       void ggzmod_request_open (GGZMod *ggzmod, int seat_num)
	   Change the requested seat from a bot to an open seat.
       void ggzmod_request_chat (GGZMod *ggzmod, const char *chat_msg)
	   Chat! This initiates a table chat.
       int ggzmod_player_get_record (GGZMod *ggzmod, GGZSeat *seat, int *wins, int *losses, int
	   *ties, int *forfeits)
	   Get the player's win-loss record.
       int ggzmod_player_get_rating (GGZMod *ggzmod, GGZSeat *seat, int *rating)
	   Get the player's rating.
       int ggzmod_player_get_ranking (GGZMod *ggzmod, GGZSeat *seat, int *ranking)
	   Get the player's ranking.
       int ggzmod_player_get_highscore (GGZMod *ggzmod, GGZSeat *seat, int *highscore)
	   Get the player's highscore.
       int ggzmod_spectator_get_record (GGZMod *ggzmod, GGZSpectatorSeat *seat, int *wins, int
	   *losses, int *ties, int *forfeits)
	   Get the spectator's win-loss record.
       int ggzmod_spectator_get_rating (GGZMod *ggzmod, GGZSpectatorSeat *seat, int *rating)
	   Get the spectator's rating.
       int ggzmod_spectator_get_ranking (GGZMod *ggzmod, GGZSpectatorSeat *seat, int *ranking)
	   Get the spectator's ranking.
       int ggzmod_spectator_get_highscore (GGZMod *ggzmod, GGZSpectatorSeat *seat, int
	   *highscore)
	   Get the spectator's highscore.

Detailed Description
       Common functions for interfacing a game server and GGZ.

       This file contains all libggzmod functions used by game servers to interface with GGZ (and
       vice versa). Just include ggzmod.h and make sure your program is linked with libggzmod.
       Then use the functions below as appropriate.

       GGZmod currently provides an event-driven interface. Data from communication sockets is
       read in by the library, and a handler function (registered as a callback) is invoked to
       handle any events. The calling program should not read/write data from/to the GGZ socket
       unless it really knows what it is doing.

       That this does not apply to the client sockets: ggzmod provides one file desriptor for
       communicating (TCP) to each client. If data is ready to be read by one of these file
       descriptors ggzmod may invoke the appropriate handler (see below), but will never actually
       read any data.

       For more information, see the documentation at http://ggz.sf.net/.

Typedef Documentation
   typedef struct GGZMod GGZMod
       A GGZmod object, used for tracking a ggz<->table connection.

       A game client should track a pointer to a GGZMod object; it contains all the state
       information for communicating with GGZ. The GGZ client will track one such object for
       every game table that is running.

   typedef void(* GGZModHandler)(GGZMod *mod, GGZModEvent e, const void *data)
       Event handler prototype.

       A function of this type will be called to handle a ggzmod event.

       Parameters:
	   mod The ggzmod state object.
	   e The event that has occured.
	   data Pointer to additional data for the event. The additional data will be of the
	   following form:

	   o GGZMOD_EVENT_STATE: The old state (GGZModState*)

	   o GGZMOD_EVENT_SERVER: The fd of the server connection (int*)

	   o GGZMOD_EVENT_PLAYER: The old player data (int[2])

	   o GGZMOD_EVENT_SEAT: The old seat (GGZSeat*)

	   o GGZMOD_EVENT_SPECTATOR_SEAT: The old seat (GGZSpectatorSeat*)

	   o GGZMOD_EVENT_ERROR: An error string (char*)

Enumeration Type Documentation
   enum GGZModEvent
       Callback events.

       Each of these is a possible GGZmod event. For each event, the table may register a handler
       with GGZmod to handle that event.

       See also:
	   GGZModHandler

	   ggzmod_set_handler

       Enumeration values:

       GGZMOD_EVENT_STATE
	      Module status changed This event occurs when the game's status changes. The old
	      state (a GGZModState*) is passed as the event's data.

       See also:
	   GGZModState

       GGZMOD_EVENT_SERVER
	      A new server connection has been made This event occurs when a new connection to
	      the game server has been made. The fd is passed as the event's data.

       GGZMOD_EVENT_PLAYER
	      The player's seat status has changed.

       This event occurs when the player's seat status changes; i.e. he changes seats or
       starts/stops spectating. The event data is a int[2] pair consisting of the old
       {is_spectator, seat_num}.

       GGZMOD_EVENT_SEAT
	      A seat change.

       This event occurs when a seat change occurs. The old seat (a GGZSeat*) is passed as the
       event's data. The seat information will be updated before the event is invoked.

       GGZMOD_EVENT_SPECTATOR_SEAT
	      A spectator seat change.

       This event occurs when a spectator seat change occurs. The old spectator (a GGZSpectator*)
       is passed as the event's data. The spectator information will be updated before the event
       is invoked.

       GGZMOD_EVENT_CHAT
	      A chat message event.

       This event occurs when we receive a chat. The chat may have originated in another game
       client or from the GGZ client; in either case it will be routed to us. The chat
       information (a GGZChat*) is passed as the event's data. Note that the chat may originate
       with a player or a spectator, and they may have changed seats or left the table by the
       time it gets to us.

       GGZMOD_EVENT_STATS
	      A player's stats have been updated.

       See also:
	   ggzmod_player_get_record

	   ggzmod_player_get_rating

	   ggzmod_player_get_ranking

	   ggzmod_player_get_highscore

       Parameters:
	   data The name of the player whose stats have changed.

       GGZMOD_EVENT_ERROR
	      An error has occurred This event occurs when a GGZMod error has occurred. An error
	      message (a char*) will be passed as the event's data. GGZMod may attempt to recover
	      from the error, but it is not guaranteed that the GGZ connection will continue to
	      work after an error has happened.

   enum GGZModState
       Table states.

       Each table has a current 'state' that is tracked by ggzmod. First the table is executed
       and begins running. Then it receives a launch event from GGZ and begins waiting for
       players. At some point a game will be started and played at the table, after which it may
       return to waiting. Eventually the table will probably halt and then the program will exit.

       More specifically, the game is in the CREATED state when it is first executed. It moves to
       the CONNECTED state after GGZ first communicates with it, and to WAITING after the
       connection is established with the game server. After this, the game server may use
       ggzmod_set_state to change between WAITING, PLAYING, and DONE states. A WAITING game is
       considered waiting for players (or whatever), while a PLAYING game is actively being
       played (this information may be, but currently is not, propogated back to GGZ for display
       purposes). Once the state is changed to DONE, the table is considered dead and will exit
       shortly thereafter (ggzmod_loop will stop looping, etc.) (see the kill_on_exit game
       option).

       Each time the game state changes, a GGZMOD_EVENT_STATE event will be propogated to the
       game server.

       Enumeration values:

       GGZMOD_STATE_CREATED
	      Initial state. The game starts out in this state. Once the state is changed it
	      should never be changed back.

       GGZMOD_STATE_CONNECTED
	      Connected state. After the GGZ client and game client get connected, the game
	      changes into this state automatically. Once this happens messages may be sent
	      between these two. Once the game leaves this state it should never be changed back.

       GGZMOD_STATE_WAITING
	      Waiting state. After the game client and game server are connected, the client
	      enters the waiting state. The game client may now call ggzmod_set_state to change
	      between WAITING, PLAYING, and DONE states.

       GGZMOD_STATE_PLAYING
	      Playing state. This state is only entered after the game client changes state to it
	      via ggzmod_set_state. State may be changed back and forth between WAITING and
	      PLAYING as many times as are wanted.

       GGZMOD_STATE_DONE
	      Done state. Once the game client is done running, ggzmod_set_state should be called
	      to set the state to done. At this point nothing 'new' can happen. The state cannot
	      be changed again after this. However the game client will not be terminated by the
	      GGZ client; GGZ just waits for it to exit of its own volition.

   enum GGZModType
       The 'type' of ggzmod.

       The 'flavor' of GGZmod object this is. Affects what operations are allowed.

       Enumeration values:

       GGZMOD_GGZ
	      Used by the ggz client ('ggz').

       GGZMOD_GAME
	      Used by the game client ('table').

Function Documentation
   int ggzmod_connect (GGZMod * ggzmod)
       Connect to ggz.

       Call this function to make an initial GGZ <-> game connection.

       o When called by the game server, this function makes the physical connection to ggz.

       o When called by ggz, it will launch a table and connect to it.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The ggzmod object.

       Returns:
	   0 on success, -1 on failure.

   int ggzmod_disconnect (GGZMod * ggzmod)
       Disconnect from ggz.

       o When called by the game server, this function stops the connection to GGZ. It should
	 only be called when the table is ready to exit.

	 o When called by the GGZ server, this function will kill and clean up after the table.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The ggzmod object.

       Returns:
	   0 on success, -1 on failure.

   int ggzmod_dispatch (GGZMod * ggzmod)
       Check for and handle input.

       This function handles input from the communications sockets:

       o It will check for input, but will not block.

       o It will monitor input from the GGZmod socket.

       o It will monitor input from player sockets only if a handler is registered for the
	 PLAYER_DATA event.

       o It will call an event handler as necessary.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The ggzmod object.

       Returns:
	   -1 on error, the number of events handled (0-1) on success.

   void ggzmod_free (GGZMod * ggzmod)
       Destroy a finished ggzmod object.

       After the connection is through, the object may be freed.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The GGZMod object.

   int ggzmod_get_fd (GGZMod * ggzmod)
       Get the file descriptor for the GGZMod socket.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The GGZMod object.

       Returns:
	   GGZMod's main ggz <-> table socket FD.

   void* ggzmod_get_gamedata (GGZMod * ggzmod)
       Return gamedata pointer.

       Each GGZMod object can be given a 'gamedata' pointer that is returned by this function.
       This is useful for when a single process serves multiple GGZmod's.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The GGZMod object.

       Returns:
	   A pointer to the gamedata block (or NULL if none).

       See also:
	   ggzmod_set_gamedata

   int ggzmod_get_num_seats (GGZMod * ggzmod)
       Get the total number of seats at the table.

       Returns:
	   The number of seats, or -1 on error.

       Note:
	   If no connection is present, -1 will be returned.

	   While in GGZMOD_STATE_CREATED, we don't know the number of seats.

   int ggzmod_get_num_spectator_seats (GGZMod * ggzmod)
       Get the maximum number of spectators. This function returns the maximum number of
       spectator seats available. A game can use this to iterate over the spectator seats to look
       for spectators occupying them. Since spectators may come and go at any point and there is
       no limit on the number of spectators, you should consider this value to be dynamic and
       call this function again each time you're looking for spectators.

       Returns:
	   The number of available spectator seats, or -1 on error.

   const char* ggzmod_get_player (GGZMod * ggzmod, int * is_spectator, int * seat_num)
       Get data about this player.

       Call this function to find out where at the table this player is sitting.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The GGZMod object.
	   is_spectator Will be set to TRUE iff player is spectating.
	   seat_num Will be set to the number of our (spectator) seat.

       Returns:
	   The name of the player (or NULL on error).

   GGZSeat ggzmod_get_seat (GGZMod * ggzmod, int seat)
       Get all data for the specified seat.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The GGZMod object.
	   seat The seat number (0..(number of seats - 1)).

       Returns:
	   A valid GGZSeat structure, if seat is a valid seat.

   int ggzmod_get_server_fd (GGZMod * ggzmod)
       Get the fd of the game server connection.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The GGZMod object.

       Returns:
	   The server connection fd

   GGZSpectatorSeat ggzmod_get_spectator_seat (GGZMod * ggzmod, int seat)
       Get a spectator's data.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The GGZMod object.
	   seat The number, between 0 and (number of spectators - 1).

       Returns:
	   A valid GGZSpectator structure, if given a valid seat.

   GGZModState ggzmod_get_state (GGZMod * ggzmod)
       Get the current state of the table.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The GGZMod object.

       Returns:
	   The state of the table.

   GGZModType ggzmod_get_type (GGZMod * ggzmod)
       Get the type of the ggzmod object.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The GGZMod object.

       Returns:
	   The type of the GGZMod object (GGZ or GAME).

   GGZMod* ggzmod_new (GGZModType type)
       Create a new ggzmod object.

       Before connecting through ggzmod, a new ggzmod object is needed.

       Parameters:
	   type The type of ggzmod. Should be GGZMOD_GAME for game servers.

       See also:
	   GGZModType

   int ggzmod_player_get_highscore (GGZMod * ggzmod, GGZSeat * seat, int * highscore)
       Get the player's highscore.

       Returns:
	   TRUE if there is a highscore; FALSE if not or on error.

   int ggzmod_player_get_ranking (GGZMod * ggzmod, GGZSeat * seat, int * ranking)
       Get the player's ranking.

       Returns:
	   TRUE if there is a ranking; FALSE if not or on error.

   int ggzmod_player_get_rating (GGZMod * ggzmod, GGZSeat * seat, int * rating)
       Get the player's rating.

       Returns:
	   TRUE if there is a rating; FALSE if not or on error.

   int ggzmod_player_get_record (GGZMod * ggzmod, GGZSeat * seat, int * wins, int * losses, int *
       ties, int * forfeits)
       Get the player's win-loss record.

       Returns:
	   TRUE if there is a record; FALSE if not or on error.

   void ggzmod_request_boot (GGZMod * ggzmod, const char * name)
       Boot a player. Only the game host may do this.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The ggzmod object.
	   name The name of the player to boot.

   void ggzmod_request_bot (GGZMod * ggzmod, int seat_num)
       Change the requested seat from an opean seat to a bot.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The ggzmod object.
	   seat_num The number of the seat to toggle.

   void ggzmod_request_chat (GGZMod * ggzmod, const char * chat_msg)
       Chat! This initiates a table chat.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The ggzmod object.
	   chat_msg The chat message.

       Note:
	   The chat message should be in UTF-8.

   void ggzmod_request_open (GGZMod * ggzmod, int seat_num)
       Change the requested seat from a bot to an open seat.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The ggzmod object.
	   seat_num The number of the seat to toggle.

   void ggzmod_request_sit (GGZMod * ggzmod, int seat_num)
       Sit down (move from a spectator seat into a player seat).

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The ggzmod object.
	   seat_num The seat to sit in.

   void ggzmod_request_stand (GGZMod * ggzmod)
       Stand up (move from your seat into a spectator seat).

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The ggzmod object.

   void ggzmod_set_gamedata (GGZMod * ggzmod, void * data)
       Set gamedata pointer.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The GGZMod object.
	   data The gamedata block (or NULL for none).

       See also:
	   ggzmod_get_gamedata

   void ggzmod_set_handler (GGZMod * ggzmod, GGZModEvent e, GGZModHandler func)
       Set a handler for the given event.

       As described above, GGZmod uses an event-driven structure. Each time an event is called,
       the event handler (there can be only one) for that event will be called. This function
       registers such an event handler.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The GGZmod object.
	   e The GGZmod event.
	   func The handler function being registered.

       See also:
	   ggzmod_get_gamedata

   int ggzmod_set_state (GGZMod * ggzmod, GGZModState state)
       Change the table's state.

       This function should be called to change the state of a table. A game can use this
       function to change state between WAITING and PLAYING, or to set it to DONE.

       Parameters:
	   ggzmod The ggzmod object.
	   state The new state.

       Returns:
	   0 on success, -1 on failure/error.

   int ggzmod_spectator_get_highscore (GGZMod * ggzmod, GGZSpectatorSeat * seat, int * highscore)
       Get the spectator's highscore.

       Returns:
	   TRUE if there is a highscore; FALSE if not or on error.

   int ggzmod_spectator_get_ranking (GGZMod * ggzmod, GGZSpectatorSeat * seat, int * ranking)
       Get the spectator's ranking.

       Returns:
	   TRUE if there is a ranking; FALSE if not or on error.

   int ggzmod_spectator_get_rating (GGZMod * ggzmod, GGZSpectatorSeat * seat, int * rating)
       Get the spectator's rating.

       Returns:
	   TRUE if there is a rating; FALSE if not or on error.

   int ggzmod_spectator_get_record (GGZMod * ggzmod, GGZSpectatorSeat * seat, int * wins, int *
       losses, int * ties, int * forfeits)
       Get the spectator's win-loss record.

       Returns:
	   TRUE if there is a record; FALSE if not or on error.

Author
       Generated automatically by Doxygen for GGZMod from the source code.

Version 0.0.11				   21 May 2005				      ggzmod.h(3)


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