NTLM_AUTH(1) User Commands NTLM_AUTH(1)
ntlm_auth - tool to allow external access to Winbind's NTLM authentication function
ntlm_auth [-d debuglevel] [-l logdir] [-s <smb config file>]
This tool is part of the samba(7) suite.
ntlm_auth is a helper utility that authenticates users using NT/LM authentication. It returns 0 if the users is authenticated successfully
and 1 if access was denied. ntlm_auth uses winbind to access the user and authentication data for a domain. This utility is only indended
to be used by other programs (currently Squid and mod_ntlm_winbind)
The winbindd(1M) daemon must be operational for many of these commands to function.
Some of these commands also require access to the directory winbindd_privileged in $LOCKDIR. This should be done either by running this
command as root or providing group access to the winbindd_privileged directory. For security reasons, this directory should not be
Operate as a stdio-based helper. Valid helper protocols are:
Server-side helper for use with Squid 2.4's basic (plaintext) authentication.
Server-side helper for use with Squid 2.5's basic (plaintext) authentication.
Server-side helper for use with Squid 2.5's NTLMSSP authentication.
Requires access to the directory winbindd_privileged in $LOCKDIR. The protocol used is described here:
http://devel.squid-cache.org/ntlm/squid_helper_protocol.html. This protocol has been extended to allow the NTLMSSP Negotiate packet
to be included as an argument to the YR command. (Thus avoiding loss of information in the protocol exchange).
Client-side helper for use with arbitrary external programs that may wish to use Samba's NTLMSSP authentication knowledge.
This helper is a client, and as such may be run by any user. The protocol used is effectively the reverse of the previous protocol.
A YR command (without any arguments) starts the authentication exchange.
Server-side helper that implements GSS-SPNEGO. This uses a protocol that is almost the same as squid-2.5-ntlmssp, but has some
subtle differences that are undocumented outside the source at this stage.
Requires access to the directory winbindd_privileged in $LOCKDIR.
Client-side helper that implements GSS-SPNEGO. This also uses a protocol similar to the above helpers, but is currently
Server-side helper protocol, intended for use by a RADIUS server or the 'winbind' plugin for pppd, for the provision of MSCHAP and
This protocol consists of lines in the form: Parameter: value and Parameter:: Base64-encode value. The presence of a single period
indicates that one side has finished supplying data to the other. (Which in turn could cause the helper to authenticate the user).
Curently implemented parameters from the external program to the helper are:
The username, expected to be in Samba's unix charset.
The user's domain, expected to be in Samba's unix charset.
The fully qualified username, expected to be in Samba's unix charset and qualified with the winbind separator.
The 8 byte LANMAN Challenge value, generated randomly by the server, or (in cases such as MSCHAPv2) generated in some way by
both the server and the client.
The 24 byte LANMAN Response value, calculated from the user's password and the supplied LANMAN Challenge. Typically, this is
provided over the network by a client wishing to authenticate.
The >= 24 byte NT Response calculated from the user's password and the supplied LANMAN Challenge. Typically, this is provided
over the network by a client wishing to authenticate.
The user's password. This would be provided by a network client, if the helper is being used in a legacy situation that exposes
plaintext passwords in this way.
Apon sucessful authenticaiton, return the user session key associated with the login.
Apon sucessful authenticaiton, return the LANMAN session key associated with the login.
Implementors should take care to base64 encode any data (such as usernames/passwords) that may contain malicous user
data, such as a newline. They may also need to decode strings from the helper, which likewise may have been
Specify username of user to authenticate
Specify domain of user to authenticate
Specify the workstation the user authenticated from
NTLM challenge (in HEXADECIMAL)
LM Response to the challenge (in HEXADECIMAL)
NT or NTLMv2 Response to the challenge (in HEXADECIMAL)
User's plaintext password
If not specified on the command line, this is prompted for when required.
For the NTLMSSP based server roles, this parameter specifies the expected password, allowing testing without winbindd operational.
Retreive LM session key
Request NT key
Perform Diagnostics on the authentication chain. Uses the password from --password or prompts for one.
Require that a user be a member of specified group (either name or SID) for authentication to succeed.
level is an integer from 0 to 10. The default value if this parameter is not specified is 0.
The higher this value, the more detail will be logged to the log files about the activities of the server. At level 0, only critical
errors and serious warnings will be logged. Level 1 is a reasonable level for day-to-day running - it generates a small amount of
information about operations carried out.
Levels above 1 will generate considerable amounts of log data, and should only be used when investigating a problem. Levels above 3 are
designed for use only by developers and generate HUGE amounts of log data, most of which is extremely cryptic.
Note that specifying this parameter here will override the log level parameter in the smb.conf file.
Prints the program version number.
-s <configuration file>
The file specified contains the configuration details required by the server. The information in this file includes server-specific
information such as what printcap file to use, as well as descriptions of all the services that the server is to provide. See smb.conf
for more information. The default configuration file name is determined at compile time.
Base directory name for log/debug files. The extension ".progname" will be appended (e.g. log.smbclient, log.smbd, etc...). The log
file is never removed by the client.
Print a summary of command line options.
To setup ntlm_auth for use by squid 2.5, with both basic and NTLMSSP authentication, the following should be placed in the squid.conf file.
auth_param ntlm program ntlm_auth --helper-protocol=squid-2.5-ntlmssp
auth_param basic program ntlm_auth --helper-protocol=squid-2.5-basic
auth_param basic children 5
auth_param basic realm Squid proxy-caching web server
auth_param basic credentialsttl 2 hours
This example assumes that ntlm_auth has been installed into your path, and that the group permissions on winbindd_privileged are as
To setup ntlm_auth for use by squid 2.5 with group limitation in addition to the above example, the following should be added to the
auth_param ntlm program ntlm_auth --helper-protocol=squid-2.5-ntlmssp --require-membership-of='WORKGROUPDomain Users'
auth_param basic program ntlm_auth --helper-protocol=squid-2.5-basic --require-membership-of='WORKGROUPDomain Users'
If you're experiencing problems with authenticating Internet Explorer running under MS Windows 9X or Millenium Edition against ntlm_auth's
NTLMSSP authentication helper (--helper-protocol=squid-2.5-ntlmssp), then please read the Microsoft Knowledge Base article #239869 and
follow instructions described there.
This man page is correct for version 3.0 of the Samba suite.
The original Samba software and related utilities were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open
Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.
The ntlm_auth manpage was written by Jelmer Vernooij and Andrew Bartlett.
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
|Availability | SUNWsmbar, SUNWsmbau |
|Interface Stability | External |
Source for Samba is available on http://opensolaris.org.
Samba(7) delivers the set of four SMF(5) services as can be seen from the following example:
$ svcs samba wins winbind swat
STATE STIME FMRI
disabled Apr_21 svc:/network/samba:default
disabled Apr_21 svc:/network/winbind:default
disabled Apr_21 svc:/network/wins:default
disabled Apr_21 svc:/network/swat:default
where the services are:
runs the smbd daemon managing the CIFS sessions
runs the nmbd daemon enabling the browsing (WINS)
runs the winbindd daemon making the domain idmap
Samba Web Administration Tool is a service providing access to browser-based Samba administration interface and on-line documentation.
The service runs on software loopback network interface on port 901/tcp, i.e. opening "http://localhost:901/" in browser will access
the SWAT service on local machine.
Please note: SWAT uses HTTP Basic Authentication scheme where user name and passwords are sent over the network in clear text. In the SWAT
case the user name is root. Transferring such sensitive data is advisable only on the software loopback network interface or over secure
Samba 3.0 01/19/2009 NTLM_AUTH(1)