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OpenSolaris 2009.06 - man page for ntlm_auth (opensolaris section 1)

NTLM_AUTH(1)				  User Commands 			     NTLM_AUTH(1)

NAME
       ntlm_auth - tool to allow external access to Winbind's NTLM authentication function

SYNOPSIS
       ntlm_auth [-d debuglevel] [-l logdir] [-s <smb config file>]

DESCRIPTION
       This tool is part of the samba(7) suite.

       ntlm_auth is a helper utility that authenticates users using NT/LM authentication. It
       returns 0 if the users is authenticated successfully and 1 if access was denied. ntlm_auth
       uses winbind to access the user and authentication data for a domain. This utility is only
       indended to be used by other programs (currently Squid and mod_ntlm_winbind)

OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS
       The winbindd(1M) daemon must be operational for many of these commands to function.

       Some of these commands also require access to the directory winbindd_privileged in
       $LOCKDIR. This should be done either by running this command as root or providing group
       access to the winbindd_privileged directory. For security reasons, this directory should
       not be world-accessable.

OPTIONS
       --helper-protocol=PROTO
	   Operate as a stdio-based helper. Valid helper protocols are:

	   squid-2.4-basic
	       Server-side helper for use with Squid 2.4's basic (plaintext) authentication.

	   squid-2.5-basic
	       Server-side helper for use with Squid 2.5's basic (plaintext) authentication.

	   squid-2.5-ntlmssp
	       Server-side helper for use with Squid 2.5's NTLMSSP authentication.

	       Requires access to the directory winbindd_privileged in $LOCKDIR. The protocol
	       used is described here:
	       http://devel.squid-cache.org/ntlm/squid_helper_protocol.html. This protocol has
	       been extended to allow the NTLMSSP Negotiate packet to be included as an argument
	       to the YR command. (Thus avoiding loss of information in the protocol exchange).

	   ntlmssp-client-1
	       Client-side helper for use with arbitrary external programs that may wish to use
	       Samba's NTLMSSP authentication knowledge.

	       This helper is a client, and as such may be run by any user. The protocol used is
	       effectively the reverse of the previous protocol. A YR command (without any
	       arguments) starts the authentication exchange.

	   gss-spnego
	       Server-side helper that implements GSS-SPNEGO. This uses a protocol that is almost
	       the same as squid-2.5-ntlmssp, but has some subtle differences that are
	       undocumented outside the source at this stage.

	       Requires access to the directory winbindd_privileged in $LOCKDIR.

	   gss-spnego-client
	       Client-side helper that implements GSS-SPNEGO. This also uses a protocol similar
	       to the above helpers, but is currently undocumented.

	   ntlm-server-1
	       Server-side helper protocol, intended for use by a RADIUS server or the 'winbind'
	       plugin for pppd, for the provision of MSCHAP and MSCHAPv2 authentication.

	       This protocol consists of lines in the form: Parameter: value and Parameter::
	       Base64-encode value. The presence of a single period indicates that one side has
	       finished supplying data to the other. (Which in turn could cause the helper to
	       authenticate the user).

	       Curently implemented parameters from the external program to the helper are:

	       Username
		   The username, expected to be in Samba's unix charset.

	       Username
		   The user's domain, expected to be in Samba's unix charset.

	       Full-Username
		   The fully qualified username, expected to be in Samba's unix charset and
		   qualified with the winbind separator.

	       LANMAN-Challenge
		   The 8 byte LANMAN Challenge value, generated randomly by the server, or (in
		   cases such as MSCHAPv2) generated in some way by both the server and the
		   client.

	       LANMAN-Response
		   The 24 byte LANMAN Response value, calculated from the user's password and the
		   supplied LANMAN Challenge. Typically, this is provided over the network by a
		   client wishing to authenticate.

	       NT-Response
		   The >= 24 byte NT Response calculated from the user's password and the
		   supplied LANMAN Challenge. Typically, this is provided over the network by a
		   client wishing to authenticate.

	       Password
		   The user's password. This would be provided by a network client, if the helper
		   is being used in a legacy situation that exposes plaintext passwords in this
		   way.

	       Request-User-Session-Key
		   Apon sucessful authenticaiton, return the user session key associated with the
		   login.

	       Request-LanMan-Session-Key
		   Apon sucessful authenticaiton, return the LANMAN session key associated with
		   the login.

	       Warning
	       Implementors should take care to base64 encode		any data (such as
	       usernames/passwords) that may contain malicous user data, such as	   a
	       newline.  They may also need to decode strings from	     the helper, which
	       likewise may have been base64 encoded.

       --username=USERNAME
	   Specify username of user to authenticate

       --domain=DOMAIN
	   Specify domain of user to authenticate

       --workstation=WORKSTATION
	   Specify the workstation the user authenticated from

       --challenge=STRING
	   NTLM challenge (in HEXADECIMAL)

       --lm-response=RESPONSE
	   LM Response to the challenge (in HEXADECIMAL)

       --nt-response=RESPONSE
	   NT or NTLMv2 Response to the challenge (in HEXADECIMAL)

       --password=PASSWORD
	   User's plaintext password

	   If not specified on the command line, this is prompted for when required.

	   For the NTLMSSP based server roles, this parameter specifies the expected password,
	   allowing testing without winbindd operational.

       --request-lm-key
	   Retreive LM session key

       --request-nt-key
	   Request NT key

       --diagnostics
	   Perform Diagnostics on the authentication chain. Uses the password from --password or
	   prompts for one.

       --require-membership-of={SID|Name}
	   Require that a user be a member of specified group (either name or SID) for
	   authentication to succeed.

       -d|--debuglevel=level
	   level is an integer from 0 to 10. The default value if this parameter is not specified
	   is 0.

	   The higher this value, the more detail will be logged to the log files about the
	   activities of the server. At level 0, only critical errors and serious warnings will
	   be logged. Level 1 is a reasonable level for day-to-day running - it generates a small
	   amount of information about operations carried out.

	   Levels above 1 will generate considerable amounts of log data, and should only be used
	   when investigating a problem. Levels above 3 are designed for use only by developers
	   and generate HUGE amounts of log data, most of which is extremely cryptic.

	   Note that specifying this parameter here will override the log level parameter in the
	   smb.conf file.

       -V
	   Prints the program version number.

       -s <configuration file>
	   The file specified contains the configuration details required by the server. The
	   information in this file includes server-specific information such as what printcap
	   file to use, as well as descriptions of all the services that the server is to
	   provide. See smb.conf for more information. The default configuration file name is
	   determined at compile time.

       -l|--log-basename=logdirectory
	   Base directory name for log/debug files. The extension ".progname" will be appended
	   (e.g. log.smbclient, log.smbd, etc...). The log file is never removed by the client.

       -h|--help
	   Print a summary of command line options.

EXAMPLE SETUP
       To setup ntlm_auth for use by squid 2.5, with both basic and NTLMSSP authentication, the
       following should be placed in the squid.conf file.

	   auth_param ntlm program ntlm_auth --helper-protocol=squid-2.5-ntlmssp
	   auth_param basic program ntlm_auth --helper-protocol=squid-2.5-basic
	   auth_param basic children 5
	   auth_param basic realm Squid proxy-caching web server
	   auth_param basic credentialsttl 2 hours

       Note
       This example assumes that ntlm_auth has been installed into your path, and that the group
       permissions on winbindd_privileged are as described above.

       To setup ntlm_auth for use by squid 2.5 with group limitation in addition to the above
       example, the following should be added to the squid.conf file.

	   auth_param ntlm program ntlm_auth --helper-protocol=squid-2.5-ntlmssp --require-membership-of='WORKGROUP\Domain Users'
	   auth_param basic program ntlm_auth --helper-protocol=squid-2.5-basic --require-membership-of='WORKGROUP\Domain Users'

TROUBLESHOOTING
       If you're experiencing problems with authenticating Internet Explorer running under MS
       Windows 9X or Millenium Edition against ntlm_auth's NTLMSSP authentication helper
       (--helper-protocol=squid-2.5-ntlmssp), then please read the Microsoft Knowledge Base
       article #239869 and follow instructions described there.

VERSION
       This man page is correct for version 3.0 of the Samba suite.

AUTHOR
       The original Samba software and related utilities were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba
       is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open Source project similar to the way the Linux
       kernel is developed.

       The ntlm_auth manpage was written by Jelmer Vernooij and Andrew Bartlett.

ATTRIBUTES
       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       +--------------------+----------------------+
       |  ATTRIBUTE TYPE    |	ATTRIBUTE VALUE    |
       +--------------------+----------------------+
       |Availability	    | SUNWsmbar, SUNWsmbau |
       +--------------------+----------------------+
       |Interface Stability | External		   |
       +--------------------+----------------------+
NOTES
       Source for Samba is available on http://opensolaris.org.

       Samba(7) delivers the set of four SMF(5) services as can be seen from the following
       example:

	    $ svcs samba wins winbind swat
	   STATE	  STIME    FMRI
	   disabled	  Apr_21   svc:/network/samba:default
	   disabled	  Apr_21   svc:/network/winbind:default
	   disabled	  Apr_21   svc:/network/wins:default
	   disabled	  Apr_21   svc:/network/swat:default

       where the services are:

	"samba"
	   runs the smbd daemon managing the CIFS sessions

	"wins"
	   runs the nmbd daemon enabling the browsing (WINS)

	"winbind"
	   runs the winbindd daemon making the domain idmap

	"swat"
	   Samba Web Administration Tool is a service providing access to browser-based Samba
	   administration interface and on-line documentation.	The service runs on software
	   loopback network interface on port 901/tcp, i.e. opening "http://localhost:901/" in
	   browser will access the SWAT service on local machine.

       Please note: SWAT uses HTTP Basic Authentication scheme where user name and passwords are
       sent over the network in clear text. In the SWAT case the user name is root. Transferring
       such sensitive data is advisable only on the software loopback network interface or over
       secure networks.

Samba 3.0				    01/19/2009				     NTLM_AUTH(1)


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