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OpenSolaris 2009.06 - man page for newform (opensolaris section 1)

newform(1)				  User Commands 			       newform(1)

       newform - change the format of a text file

       newform [-s] [-itabspec] [-otabspec] [-bn] [-en] [-pn]
	    [-an] [-f] [-cchar] [-ln] [filename]...

       newform	reads  lines  from the named filenames, or the standard input if no input file is
       named, and reproduces the lines on the standard output. Lines are  reformatted  in  accor-
       dance with command line options in effect.

       Except  for  -s, command line options may appear in any order, may be repeated, and may be
       intermingled with the optional filenames. Command line options are processed in the  order
       specified.  This means that option sequences like ``-e15 -l60'' will yield results differ-
       ent from ``-l60 -e15''. Options are applied to all filenames on the command line.

       The following options are supported:

       -s	     Shears off leading characters on each line up to the first tab and places up
		     to  8 of the sheared characters at the end of the line. If more than 8 char-
		     acters (not counting the first tab) are sheared,  the  eighth  character  is
		     replaced  by  a  *  and any characters to the right of it are discarded. The
		     first tab is always discarded.

		     An error message and program exit will occur if this option  is  used  on	a
		     file without a tab on each line. The characters sheared off are saved inter-
		     nally until all other options specified are applied to that line. The  char-
		     acters are then added at the end of the processed line.

		     For  example,  to	convert a file with leading digits, one or more tabs, and
		     text on each line, to a file beginning with the text,  all  tabs  after  the
		     first  expanded to spaces, padded with spaces out to column 72 (or truncated
		     to column 72), and the leading digits placed starting at column 73, the com-
		     mand would be:

		     newform -s -i -l -a -e filename

       -itabspec     Input tab specification: expands tabs to spaces, according to the tab speci-
		     fications given. Tabspec recognizes all tab specification forms described in
		     tabs(1).  In  addition,  tabspec may be -, in which newform assumes that the
		     tab specification is to be found in the first line read  from  the  standard
		     input (see fspec(4)). If no tabspec is given, tabspec defaults to -8. A tab-
		     spec of -0 expects no tabs; if any are found, they are treated as -1.

       -otabspec     Output tab specification: replaces spaces by  tabs,  according  to  the  tab
		     specifications  given. The tab specifications are the same as for -itabspec.
		     If no tabspec is given, tabspec defaults to -8. A tabspec of -0  means  that
		     no spaces will be converted to tabs on output.

       -bn	     Truncate n characters from the beginning of the line when the line length is
		     greater than the effective line length (see -ln). Default is to truncate the
		     number  of  characters  necessary	to  obtain the effective line length. The
		     default value is used when -b with no n is used. This option can be used  to
		     delete the sequence numbers from a COBOL program as follows:

		     newform -l1 -b7 filename

       -en	     Same as -bn except that characters are truncated from the end of the line.

       -pn	     Prefix  n	characters  (see -cchar) to the beginning of a line when the line
		     length is less than the effective line length. Default is to prefix the num-
		     ber of characters necessary to obtain the effective line length.

       -an	     Same as -pn except characters are appended to the end of a line.

       -f	     Write  the  tab  specification format line on the standard output before any
		     other lines are output. The tab specification format line which  is  printed
		     will  correspond  to  the	format	specified in the last -o option. If no -o
		     option is specified, the line which is  printed  will  contain  the  default
		     specification of -8.

       -cchar	     Change  the prefix/append character to char. Default character for char is a

       -ln	     Set the effective line length to n characters.  If  n  is	not  entered,  -l
		     defaults  to 72. The default line length without the -l option is 80 charac-
		     ters. Note:  Tabs and backspaces are considered to be one character (use  -i
		     to expand tabs to spaces).

		     The  -l1  must  be  used  to  set the effective line length shorter than any
		     existing line in the file so that the -b option is activated.

       The following operand is supported:

       filename     Input file

       The following exit values are returned:

       0     Successful operation.

       1     Operation failed.

       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |Availability		      SUNWesu			   |

       csplit(1), tabs(1), fspec(4), attributes(5)

       All diagnostics are fatal.

       usage:  ...

	   newform was called with a bad option.

       "not -s format"

	   There was no tab on one line.

       "can't open file"


       "internal line too long"

	   A line exceeds 512 characters after being expanded in the internal work buffer.

       "tabspec in error"

	   A tab specification is incorrectly formatted, or specified tab stops are  not  ascend-

       "tabspec indirection illegal"

	   A  tabspec  read from a file (or standard input) may not contain a tabspec referencing
	   another file (or standard input).

       newform normally only keeps track of physical characters;  however,  for  the  -i  and  -o
       options, newform will keep track of backspaces in order to line up tabs in the appropriate
       logical columns.

       newform will not prompt the user if a tabspec is to be read from the  standard  input  (by
       use of -i- or -o-).

       If  the	-f  option is used, and the last -o option specified was -o-, and was preceded by
       either a -o- or a -i-, the tab specification format line will be incorrect.

SunOS 5.11				   21 Jul 1997				       newform(1)

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