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OpenDarwin 7.2.1 - man page for mtree (opendarwin section 8)

MTREE(8)			   BSD System Manager's Manual				 MTREE(8)

     mtree -- map a directory hierarchy

     mtree [-LPUcdeinqrux] [-f spec] [-K keywords] [-k keywords] [-p path] [-s seed]
	   [-X exclude-list]

     The utility mtree compares the file hierarchy rooted in the current directory against a
     specification read from the standard input.  Messages are written to the standard output for
     any files whose characteristics do not match the specifications, or which are missing from
     either the file hierarchy or the specification.

     The options are as follows:

     -L    Follow all symbolic links in the file hierarchy.

     -P    Don't follow symbolic links in the file hierarchy, instead consider the symbolic link
	   itself in any comparisons. This is the default.

     -U    Modify the owner, group and permissions of existing files to match the specification
	   and create any missing directories or symbolic links.  User, group and permissions
	   must all be specified for missing directories to be created.  Corrected mismatches are
	   not considered errors.

     -c    Print a specification for the file hierarchy to the standard output.

     -d    Ignore everything except directory type files.

     -e    Don't complain about files that are in the file hierarchy, but not in the specifica-

     -i    Indent the output 4 spaces each time a directory level is descended when create a
	   specification with the -c option.  This does not affect either the /set statements or
	   the comment before each directory.  It does however affect the comment before the
	   close of each directory.

     -n    Do not emit pathname comments when creating a specification.  Normally a comment is
	   emitted before each directory and before the close of that directory when using the -c

     -q    Quiet mode.	Do not complain when a ``missing'' directory cannot be created because it
	   is already exists.  This occurs when the directory is a symbolic link.

     -r    Remove any files in the file hierarchy that are not described in the specification.

     -u    Same as -U except a status of 2 is returned if the file hierarchy did not match the

     -x    Don't descend below mount points in the file hierarchy.

     -f file
	   Read the specification from file, instead of from the standard input.

     -K keywords
	   Add the specified (whitespace or comma separated) keywords to the current set of key-

     -k keywords
	   Use the ``type'' keyword plus the specified (whitespace or comma separated) keywords
	   instead of the current set of keywords.

     -p path
	   Use the file hierarchy rooted in path, instead of the current directory.

     -s seed
	   Display a single checksum to the standard error output that represents all of the
	   files for which the keyword cksum was specified.  The checksum is seeded with the
	   specified value.

     -X exclude-list
	   The specified file contains fnmatch(3) patterns matching files to be excluded from the
	   specification, one to a line.  If the pattern contains a '/' character, it will be
	   matched against entire pathnames (relative to the starting directory); otherwise, it
	   will be matched against basenames only.  No comments are allowed in the exclude-list

     Specifications are mostly composed of ``keywords'', i.e. strings that that specify values
     relating to files.  No keywords have default values, and if a keyword has no value set, no
     checks based on it are performed.

     Currently supported keywords are as follows:

     cksum	 The checksum of the file using the default algorithm specified by the cksum(1)

     flags	 The file flags as a symbolic name.  See chflags(1) for information on these
		 names.  If no flags are to be set the string ``none'' may be used to override
		 the current default.

     ignore	 Ignore any file hierarchy below this file.

     gid	 The file group as a numeric value.

     gname	 The file group as a symbolic name.

     mode	 The current file's permissions as a numeric (octal) or symbolic value.

     nlink	 The number of hard links the file is expected to have.

     nochange	 Make sure this file or directory exists but otherwise ignore all attributes.

     uid	 The file owner as a numeric value.

     uname	 The file owner as a symbolic name.

     size	 The size, in bytes, of the file.

     link	 The file the symbolic link is expected to reference.

     time	 The last modification time of the file.

     type	 The type of the file; may be set to any one of the following:

		 block	     block special device
		 char	     character special device
		 dir	     directory
		 fifo	     fifo
		 file	     regular file
		 link	     symbolic link
		 socket      socket

     The default set of keywords are flags, gid, mode, nlink, size, link, time, and uid.

     There are four types of lines in a specification.

     The first type of line sets a global value for a keyword, and consists of the string
     ``/set'' followed by whitespace, followed by sets of keyword/value pairs, separated by
     whitespace.  Keyword/value pairs consist of a keyword, followed by an equals sign (``=''),
     followed by a value, without whitespace characters.  Once a keyword has been set, its value
     remains unchanged until either reset or unset.

     The second type of line unsets keywords and consists of the string ``/unset'', followed by
     whitespace, followed by one or more keywords, separated by whitespace.

     The third type of line is a file specification and consists of a file name, followed by
     whitespace, followed by zero or more whitespace separated keyword/value pairs.  The file
     name may be preceded by whitespace characters.  The file name may contain any of the stan-
     dard file name matching characters (``['', ``]'', ``?'' or ``*''), in which case files in
     the hierarchy will be associated with the first pattern that they match.

     Each of the keyword/value pairs consist of a keyword, followed by an equals sign (``=''),
     followed by the keyword's value, without whitespace characters.  These values override,
     without changing, the global value of the corresponding keyword.

     All paths are relative.  Specifying a directory will cause subsequent files to be searched
     for in that directory hierarchy.  Which brings us to the last type of line in a specifica-
     tion: a line containing only the string ``..'' causes the current directory path to ascend
     one level.

     Empty lines and lines whose first non-whitespace character is a hash mark (``#'') are

     The mtree utility exits with a status of 0 on success, 1 if any error occurred, and 2 if the
     file hierarchy did not match the specification.  A status of 2 is converted to a status of 0
     if the -U option is used.

     /etc/mtree  system specification directory

     The mtree utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

     chflags(1), chgrp(1), chmod(1), cksum(1), stat(2), fts(3), chown(8)

     The mtree utility appeared in 4.3BSD-Reno.  The MD5 digest capability was added in
     FreeBSD 2.1, in response to the widespread use of programs which can spoof cksum(1).  The
     SHA-1 and RIPEMD160 digests were added in FreeBSD 4.0, as new attacks have demonstrated
     weaknesses in MD5.  Support for file flags was added in FreeBSD 4.0, and mostly comes from

BSD					February 26, 1999				      BSD

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