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OpenDarwin 7.2.1 - man page for stat (opendarwin section 2)

STAT(2) 			     BSD System Calls Manual				  STAT(2)

NAME
     stat, lstat, fstat -- get file status

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/stat.h>

     int
     stat(const char *path, struct stat *sb);

     int
     lstat(const char *path, struct stat *sb);

     int
     fstat(int fd, struct stat *sb);

DESCRIPTION
     The stat() function obtains information about the file pointed to by path.  Read, write or
     execute permission of the named file is not required, but all directories listed in the path
     name leading to the file must be searchable.

     Lstat() is like stat() except in the case where the named file is a symbolic link, in which
     case lstat() returns information about the link, while stat() returns information about the
     file the link references.	Unlike other filesystem objects, symbolic links do not have an
     owner, group, access mode, times, etc.  Instead, these attributes are taken from the direc-
     tory that contains the link.  The only attributes returned from an lstat() that refer to the
     symbolic link itself are the file type (S_IFLNK), size, blocks, and link count (always 1).

     The fstat() obtains the same information about an open file known by the file descriptor fd.

     The sb argument is a pointer to a stat() structure as defined by <sys/stat.h> (shown below)
     and into which information is placed concerning the file.

     struct stat {
	 dev_t	  st_dev;    /* device inode resides on */
	 ino_t	  st_ino;    /* inode's number */
	 mode_t   st_mode;   /* inode protection mode */
	 nlink_t  st_nlink;  /* number or hard links to the file */
	 uid_t	  st_uid;    /* user-id of owner */
	 gid_t	  st_gid;    /* group-id of owner */
	 dev_t	  st_rdev;   /* device type, for special file inode */
	 struct timespec st_atimespec;	/* time of last access */
	 struct timespec st_mtimespec;	/* time of last data modification */
	 struct timespec st_ctimespec;	/* time of last file status change */
	 off_t	  st_size;   /* file size, in bytes */
	 quad_t   st_blocks; /* blocks allocated for file */
	 u_long   st_blksize;/* optimal file sys I/O ops blocksize */
	 u_long   st_flags;  /* user defined flags for file */
	 u_long   st_gen;    /* file generation number */
     };

     The time-related fields of struct stat are as follows:

     st_atime	  Time when file data last accessed.  Changed by the mknod(2), utimes(2) and
		  read(2) system calls.

     st_mtime	  Time when file data last modified.  Changed by the mknod(2), utimes(2) and
		  write(2) system calls.

     st_ctime	  Time when file status was last changed (inode data modification).  Changed by
		  the chmod(2), chown(2), link(2), mknod(2), rename(2), unlink(2), utimes(2) and
		  write(2) system calls.

     The size-related fields of the struct stat are as follows:

     st_blksize     The optimal I/O block size for the file.

     st_blocks	    The actual number of blocks allocated for the file in 512-byte units.  As
		    short symbolic links are stored in the inode, this number may be zero.

     The status information word st_mode has the following bits:

     #define S_IFMT 0170000	      /* type of file */
     #define	    S_IFIFO  0010000  /* named pipe (fifo) */
     #define	    S_IFCHR  0020000  /* character special */
     #define	    S_IFDIR  0040000  /* directory */
     #define	    S_IFBLK  0060000  /* block special */
     #define	    S_IFREG  0100000  /* regular */
     #define	    S_IFLNK  0120000  /* symbolic link */
     #define	    S_IFSOCK 0140000  /* socket */
     #define	    S_IFWHT  0160000  /* whiteout */
     #define S_ISUID 0004000  /* set user id on execution */
     #define S_ISGID 0002000  /* set group id on execution */
     #define S_ISVTX 0001000  /* save swapped text even after use */
     #define S_IRUSR 0000400  /* read permission, owner */
     #define S_IWUSR 0000200  /* write permission, owner */
     #define S_IXUSR 0000100  /* execute/search permission, owner */

     For a list of access modes, see <sys/stat.h>, access(2) and chmod(2).

RETURN VALUES
     Upon successful completion a value of 0 is returned.  Otherwise, a value of -1 is returned
     and errno is set to indicate the error.

COMPATIBILITY
     Previous versions of the system used different types for the st_dev, st_uid, st_gid,
     st_rdev, st_size, st_blksize and st_blocks fields.

ERRORS
     Stat() and lstat() will fail if:

     [ENOTDIR]		A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]	A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} characters, or an entire
			path name exceeded {PATH_MAX} characters.

     [ENOENT]		The named file does not exist.

     [EACCES]		Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix.

     [ELOOP]		Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname.

     [EFAULT]		Sb or name points to an invalid address.

     [EIO]		An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system.

     Fstat() will fail if:

     [EBADF]		fd is not a valid open file descriptor.

     [EFAULT]		Sb points to an invalid address.

     [EIO]		An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system.

CAVEATS
     The file generation number, st_gen, is only available to the super-user.
     The fields in the stat structure currently marked st_spare1, st_spare2, and st_spare3 are
     present in preparation for inode time stamps expanding to 64 bits.  This, however, can break
     certain programs that depend on the time stamps being contiguous (in calls to utimes(2)).

SEE ALSO
     chmod(2), chown(2), utimes(2) symlink(7)

BUGS
     Applying fstat to a socket (and thus to a pipe) returns a zero'd buffer, except for the
     blocksize field, and a unique device and inode number.

STANDARDS
     The stat() and fstat() function calls are expected to conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-1988
     (``POSIX.1'').

HISTORY
     An lstat() function call appeared in 4.2BSD.

4th Berkeley Distribution		  April 19, 1994		4th Berkeley Distribution


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