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OpenDarwin 7.2.1 - man page for fsck_hfs (opendarwin section 8)

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FSCK_HFS(8)			   BSD System Manager's Manual			      FSCK_HFS(8)

NAME
     fsck_hfs -- HFS file system consistency check

SYNOPSIS
     fsck_hfs -q [-df] special ...
     fsck_hfs -p [-df] special ...
     fsck_hfs [-n | -y | -r] [-dfg] [-m mode] special ...

DESCRIPTION
     The fsck_hfs utility verifies and repairs standard HFS and HFS+ file systems.

     The first form of fsck_hfs quickly checks the specified file systems to determine whether
     they were cleanly unmounted.

     The second form of fsck_hfs preens the specified file systems.  It is normally started by
     fsck(8) run from /etc/rc.boot during automatic reboot, when a HFS file system is detected.
     When preening file systems, fsck_hfs will fix common inconsistencies for file systems that
     were not unmounted cleanly.  If more serious problems are found, fsck_hfs does not try to
     fix them, indicates that it was not successful, and exits.

     The third form of fsck_hfs checks the specified file systems and tries to repair all
     detected inconsistencies.

     If no options are specified fsck_hfs will always check and attempt to fix the specified file
     systems.

     The options are as follows:

	   -d	   Display debugging information.  This option may provide useful information
		   when fsck_hfs cannot repair a damaged file system.

	   -f	   When used with the -p option, force fsck_hfs to check `clean' file systems,
		   otherwise it means force fsck_hfs to check and repair journaled HFS+ file sys-
		   tems.

	   -g	   Causes fsck_hfs to generate it's output strings in GUI format.  This option is
		   used when another application with a graphical user interface (like Mac OS X
		   Disk Utility) is envoking the fsck_hfs tool.

	   -m mode Mode is an octal number that will be used to set the permissions for the
		   lost+found directory when it is created.   The lost+found directory is only
		   created when a volume is repaired and orphaned files or directories are
		   detected.  fsck_hfs places orphaned files and directories into the lost+found
		   directory (located at the root of the volume).  The default mode is 01777.

	   -p	   Preen the specified file systems.

	   -q	   Causes fsck_hfs to quickly check whether the volume was unmounted cleanly.  If
		   the volume was unmounted cleanly, then the exit status is 0.  If the volume
		   was not unmounted cleanly, then the exit status will be non-zero.  In either
		   case, a message is printed to standard output describing whether the volume
		   was clean or dirty.

	   -y	   Always attempt to repair any damage that is found.

	   -n	   Never attempt to repair any damage that is found.

	   -r	   Rebuild the catalog file on the specified file system.  This option currently
		   will only work if there is enough contiguous space on the specified file sys-
		   tem for a new catalog file and if there is no damage to the leaf nodes in the
		   existing catalog file.

     Because of inconsistencies between the block device and the buffer cache, the raw device
     should always be used.

SEE ALSO
     fsck(8)

BUGS
     fsck_hfs is not able to fix some inconsistencies that it detects.

HISTORY
     The fsck_hfs command appeared in Mac OS X Server 1.0 .

Mac OS X				November 21, 2002				 Mac OS X
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