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siginfo.h(3head) [opendarwin man page]

siginfo.h(3HEAD)						      Headers							  siginfo.h(3HEAD)

siginfo.h, siginfo - signal generation information SYNOPSIS
#include <siginfo.h> DESCRIPTION
If a process is catching a signal, it might request information that tells why the system generated that signal. See sigaction(2). If a process is monitoring its children, it might receive information that tells why a child changed state. See waitid(2). In either case, the system returns the information in a structure of type siginfo_t, which includes the following information: int si_signo /* signal number */ int si_errno /* error number */ int si_code /* signal code */ union sigval si_value /* signal value */ si_signo contains the system-generated signal number. For the waitid(2) function, si_signo is always SIGCHLD. If si_errno is non-zero, it contains an error number associated with this signal, as defined in <errno.h>. si_code contains a code identifying the cause of the signal. If the value of the si_code member is SI_NOINFO, only the si_signo member of siginfo_t is meaningful, and the value of all other members is unspecified. User Signals If the value of si_code is less than or equal to 0, then the signal was generated by a user process (see kill(2), _lwp_kill(2), sigqueue(3RT), sigsend(2), abort(3C), and raise(3C)) and the siginfo structure contains the following additional information: pid_t si_pid /* sending process ID */ uid_t si_uid /* sending user ID */ ctid_t si_ctid /* sending contract ID */ zoneid_t si_zoneid /* sending zone ID */S If the signal was generated by a user process, the following values are defined for si_code: SI_USER The implementation sets si_code to SI_USER if the signal was sent by kill(2), sigsend(2), raise(3C) or abort(3C). SI_LWP The signal was sent by _lwp_kill(2). SI_QUEUE The signal was sent by sigqueue(3RT). SI_TIMER The signal was generated by the expiration of a timer created by timer_settime(3RT). SI_ASYNCIO The signal was generated by the completion of an asynchronous I/O request. SI_MESGQ The signal was generated by the arrival of a message on an empty message queue. See mq_notify(3RT). si_value contains the application specified value, which is passed to the application's signal-catching function at the time of the signal delivery if si_code is any of SI_QUEUE, SI_TIMER, SI_ASYNCHIO, or SI_MESGQ. System Signals Non-user generated signals can arise for a number of reasons. For all of these cases, si_code contains a positive value reflecting the rea- son why the system generated the signal: Signal Code Reason SIGILL ILL_ILLOPC illegal opcode ILL_ILLOPN illegal operand ILL_ILLADR illegal addressing mode ILL_ILLTRP illegal trap ILL_PRVOPC privileged opcode ILL_PRVREG privileged register ILL_COPROC co-processor error ILL_BADSTK internal stack error SIGFPE FPE_INTDIV integer divide by zero FPE_INTOVF integer overflow FPE_FLTDIV floating point divide by zero FPE_FLTOVF floating point overflow FPE_FLTUND floating point underflow FPE_FLTRES floating point inexact result FPE_FLTINV invalid floating point operation FPE_FLTSUB subscript out of range SIGSEGV SEGV_MAPERR address not mapped to object SEGV_ACCERR invalid permissions for mapped object SIGBUS BUS_ADRALN invalid address alignment BUS_ADRERR non-existent physical address BUS_OBJERR object specific hardware error SIGTRAP TRAP_BRKPT process breakpoint TRAP_TRACE process trace trap SIGCHLD CLD_EXITED child has exited CLD_KILLED child was killed CLD_DUMPED child terminated abnormally CLD_TRAPPED traced child has trapped CLD_STOPPED child has stopped CLD_CONTINUED stopped child had continued SIGPOLL POLL_IN data input available POLL_OUT output buffers available POLL_MSG input message available POLL_ERR I/O error POLL_PRI high priority input available POLL_HUP device disconnected Signals can also be generated from the resource control subsystem. Where these signals do not already possess kernel-level siginfo codes, the siginfo si_code will be filled with SI_RCTL to indicate a kernel-generated signal from an established resource control value. Signal Code Reason SIGXRES SI_RCTL resource-control generated signal SIGHUP SIGTERM The uncatchable signals SIGSTOP and SIGKILL have undefined siginfo codes. Signals sent with a siginfo code of SI_RCTL contain code-dependent information for kernel-generated signals: Code Field Value SI_RCTL hr_time si_entity process-model entity of control In addition, the following signal-dependent information is available for kernel-generated signals: Signal Field Value SIGILL caddr_t si_addr address of faulting instruction SIGFPE SIGSEGV caddr_t si_addr address of faulting memory ref- erence SIGBUS SIGCHLD pid_t si_pid child process ID int si_status exit value or signal SIGPOLL long si_band band event for POLL_IN, POLL_OUT, or POLL_MSG SEE ALSO
_lwp_kill(2), kill(2), setrctl(2), sigaction(2), sigsend(2), waitid(2), abort(3C), aio_read(3RT), mq_notify(3RT), raise(3C), sig- nal.h(3HEAD), sigqueue(3RT), timer_create(3RT), timer_settime(3RT) NOTES
For SIGCHLD signals, if si_code is equal to CLD_EXITED, then si_status is equal to the exit value of the process; otherwise, it is equal to the signal that caused the process to change state. For some implementations, the exact value of si_addr might not be available; in that case, si_addr is guaranteed to be on the same page as the faulting instruction or memory reference. SunOS 5.10 19 Jul 2004 siginfo.h(3HEAD)
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