IPSEC_SET_POLICY(3) BSD Library Functions Manual IPSEC_SET_POLICY(3)
ipsec_set_policy, ipsec_get_policylen, ipsec_dump_policy -- manipulate IPsec policy specification structure from readable string
IPsec Policy Control Library (libipsec, -lipsec)
ipsec_set_policy(char *policy, int len);
ipsec_dump_policy(char *buf, char *delim);
ipsec_set_policy() generates IPsec policy specification structure, namely struct sadb_x_policy and/or struct sadb_x_ipsecrequest from human-
readable policy specification. Policy specification must be given as C string policy and length len of policy. ipsec_set_policy() will
return the buffer of IPsec policy specification structure.
You may want the length of the generated buffer such when calling setsockopt(2). ipsec_get_policylen() will return the length.
ipsec_dump_policy() converts IPsec policy structure into readable form. Therefore, ipsec_dump_policy() can be regarded as inverse conversion
of ipsec_set_policy(). buf points to a IPsec policy structure, struct sadb_x_policy. delim is a delimiter string, which is usually a blank
character. If you set delim to NULL, single whitespace is assumed. ipsec_dump_policy() returns pointer to dynamically allocated string. It
is caller's responsibility to reclaim the region, by using free(3).
policy is formatted as either of the following:
direction must be in or out. direction specifies which direction the policy needs to be applied. With discard policy, packets will
be dropped if they match the policy.
entrust means to consult to SPD defined by setkey(8).
bypass means to be bypassed the IPsec processing. (packet will be transmitted in clear). This is for privileged socket.
direction ipsec request ...
ipsec means that the matching packets are subject to IPsec processing. ipsec can be followed by one or more request string, which
is formatted as below:
protocol / mode / src - dst [/level]
protocol is either ah, esp or ipcomp.
mode is either transport or tunnel.
src and dst specifies IPsec endpoint. src always means ``sending node'' and dst always means ``receiving node''. There-
fore, when direction is in, dst is this node and src is the other node (peer). If mode is transport, Both src and dst can
level must be set to one of the following: default, use, require or unique. default means that the kernel should consult
the system default policy defined by sysctl(8), such as net.inet.ipsec.esp_trans_deflev. See ipsec(4) regarding the system
default. use means that a relevant SA can be used when available, since the kernel may perform IPsec operation against
packets when possible. In this case, packets can be transmitted in clear (when SA is not available), or encrypted (when SA
is available). require means that a relevant SA is required, since the kernel must perform IPsec operation against pack-
ets. unique is the same as require, but adds the restriction that the SA for outbound traffic is used only for this pol-
icy. You may need the identifier in order to relate the policy and the SA when you define the SA by manual keying. You
can put the decimal number as the identifier after unique like unique: number. number must be between 1 and 32767 . If
the request string is kept unambiguous, level and slash prior to level can be omitted. However, it is encouraged to spec-
ify them explicitly to avoid unintended behaviors. If level is omitted, it will be interpreted as default.
Note that there is a bit difference of specification from setkey(8). In specification by setkey(8), both entrust and bypass are not used.
Refer to setkey(8) for detail.
Here are several examples (long lines are wrapped for readability):
out ipsec esp/transport//require
in ipsec ah/transport//require
out ipsec esp/tunnel/10.1.1.2-10.1.1.1/use
in ipsec ipcomp/transport//use
ipsec_set_policy() returns a pointer to the allocated buffer of policy specification if successful; otherwise a NULL pointer is returned.
ipsec_get_policylen() returns with positive value (meaning the buffer size) on success, and negative value on errors. ipsec_dump_policy()
returns a pointer to dynamically allocated region on success, and NULL on errors.
ipsec_strerror(3), ipsec(4), setkey(8)
The functions first appeared in WIDE/KAME IPv6 protocol stack kit.
IPv6 and IPsec support based on the KAME Project (http://www.kame.net/) stack was initially integrated into FreeBSD 4.0
May 5, 1998 BSD