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SETKEY(8)			   BSD System Manager's Manual				SETKEY(8)

NAME
     setkey -- manually manipulate the IPsec SA/SP database

SYNOPSIS
     setkey [-dv] -c
     setkey [-dv] -f filename
     setkey [-adPlv] -D
     setkey [-dPv] -F
     setkey [-h] -x

DESCRIPTION
     setkey adds, updates, dumps, or flushes Security Association Database (SAD) entries as well
     as Security Policy Database (SPD) entries in the kernel.

     setkey takes a series of operations from the standard input (if invoked with -c) or the file
     named filename (if invoked with -f filename).

     -D      Dump the SAD entries.  If with -P, the SPD entries are dumped.

     -F      Flush the SAD entries.  If with -P, the SPD entries are flushed.

     -a      setkey usually does not display dead SAD entries with -D.	If with -a, the dead SAD
	     entries will be displayed as well.  A dead SAD entry means that it has been expired
	     but remains because it is referenced by SPD entries.

     -d      Enable to print debugging messages for command parser, without talking to kernel.
	     It is not used usually.

     -x      Loop forever and dump all the messages transmitted to PF_KEY socket.  -xx makes each
	     timestamps unformatted.

     -h      Add hexadecimal dump on -x mode.

     -l      Loop forever with short output on -D.

     -v      Be verbose.  The program will dump messages exchanged on PF_KEY socket, including
	     messages sent from other processes to the kernel.

     Operations have the following grammar.  Note that lines starting with hashmarks ('#') are
     treated as comment lines.

     add src dst protocol spi [extensions] algorithm... ;
	     Add an SAD entry.

     get src dst protocol spi ;
	     Show an SAD entry.

     delete src dst protocol spi ;
	     Remove an SAD entry.

     deleteall src dst protocol ;
	     Remove all SAD entries that match the specification.

     flush [protocol] ;
	     Clear all SAD entries matched by the options.

     dump [protocol] ;
	     Dumps all SAD entries matched by the options.

     spdadd src_range dst_range upperspec policy ;
	     Add an SPD entry.

     spddelete src_range dst_range upperspec -P direction ;
	     Delete an SPD entry.

     spdflush ;
	     Clear all SPD entries.

     spddump ;
	     Dumps all SPD entries.

     Meta-arguments are as follows:

     src
     dst     Source/destination of the secure communication is specified as IPv4/v6 address.
	     setkey does not consult hostname-to-address for arguments src and dst.  They must be
	     in numeric form.

     protocol
	     protocol is one of following:
	     esp	 ESP based on rfc2405
	     esp-old	 ESP based on rfc1827
	     ah 	 AH based on rfc2402
	     ah-old	 AH based on rfc1826
	     ipcomp	 IPCOMP

     spi     Security Parameter Index (SPI) for the SAD and the SPD.  It must be decimal number
	     or hexadecimal number You cannot use the set of SPI values in the range 0 through
	     255.  (with 0x attached).

     extensions
	     takes some of the following:
	     -m mode	 Specify a security protocol mode for use.  mode is one of following:
			 transport, tunnel or any.  The default value is any.
	     -r size	 Specify window size of bytes for replay prevention.  size must be deci-
			 mal number in 32-bit word.  If size is zero or not specified, replay
			 check don't take place.
	     -u id	 Specify the identifier of the policy entry in SPD.  See policy.
	     -f pad_option
			 defines the content of the ESP padding.  pad_option is one of following:
			 zero-pad    All of the padding are zero.
			 random-pad  A series of randomized values are set.
			 seq-pad     A series of sequential increasing numbers started from 1 are
				     set.
	     -f nocyclic-seq
			 Don't allow cyclic sequence number.
	     -lh time
	     -ls time	 Specify hard/soft life time duration of the SA.

     algorithm
	     -E ealgo key
			 Specify a encryption algorithm.
	     -A aalgo key
			 Specify a authentication algorithm.  If -A is used with protocol esp, it
			 will be treated as ESP payload authentication algorithm.
	     -C calgo [-R]
			 Specify compression algorithm.  If -R is not specified with ipcomp line,
			 the kernel will use well-known IPComp CPI (compression parameter index)
			 on IPComp CPI field on packets, and spi field will be ignored.  spi
			 field is only for kernel internal use in this case.  If -R is used, the
			 value on spi field will appear on IPComp CPI field on outgoing packets.
			 spi field needs to be smaller than 0x10000 in this case.

	     protocol esp accepts -E and -A.  protocol esp-old accepts -E only.  protocol ah and
	     ah-old accept -A only.  protocol ipcomp accepts -C only.

	     key must be double-quoted character string or series of hexadecimal digits.

	     Possible values for ealgo, aalgo and calgo are specified in separate section.

     src_range
     dst_range
	     These are selections of the secure communication specified as IPv4/v6 address or
	     IPv4/v6 address range, and it may accompany TCP/UDP port specification.  This takes
	     the following form:

	     address
	     address/prefixlen
	     address[port]
	     address/prefixlen[port]

	     prefixlen and port must be decimal number.  The square bracket around port is really
	     necessary.  They are not manpage metacharacters.

	     setkey does not consult hostname-to-address for arguments src and dst.  They must be
	     in numeric form.

     upperspec
	     Upper-layer protocol to be used.  You can use one of words in /etc/protocols as
	     upperspec.  Or icmp6, ip4, and any can be specified.  any stands for ``any
	     protocol''.  Also you can use the protocol number.

	     NOTE: upperspec does not work against forwarding case at this moment, as it requires
	     extra reassembly at forwarding node (not implemented at this moment).  We have many
	     protocols in /etc/protocols, but protocols except of TCP, UDP and ICMP may not be
	     suitable to use with IPSec.  You have to consider and be careful to use them.  icmp
	     tcp udp all protocols

     policy  policy is the one of following:

	     -P
	     direction
	     discard
	     -P
	     direction
	     none
	     -P
	     direction
	     ipsec
	     protocol/mode/src-dst/level

	     You must specify the direction of its policy as direction.  Either out or in are
	     used.  discard means the packet matching indexes will be discarded.  none means that
	     IPsec operation will not take place onto the packet.  ipsec means that IPsec opera-
	     tion will take place onto the packet.  Either ah, esp or ipcomp is to be set as
	     protocol.	mode is either transport or tunnel.  If mode is tunnel, you must specify
	     the end-points addresses of the SA as src and dst with '-' between these addresses
	     which is used to specify the SA to use.  If mode is transport, both src and dst can
	     be omited.  level is to be one of the following: default, use, require or unique.
	     If the SA is not available in every level, the kernel will request getting SA to the
	     key exchange daemon.  default means the kernel consults to the system wide default
	     against protocol you specified, e.g. esp_trans_deflev sysctl variable, when the ker-
	     nel processes the packet.	use means that the kernel use a SA if it's available,
	     otherwise the kernel keeps normal operation.  require means SA is required whenever
	     the kernel sends a packet matched with the policy.  unique is the same to require.
	     In addition, it allows the policy to bind with the unique out-bound SA.  If you use
	     the SA by manual keying, you can put the decimal number as the policy identifier
	     after unique separated by colon '' like the following; unique:number.  number must
	     be between 1 and 32767.  It corresponds to extensions -u.

	     Note that ``discard'' and ``none'' are not in the syntax described in
	     ipsec_set_policy(3).  There are little differences in the syntax.	See
	     ipsec_set_policy(3) for detail.

ALGORITHMS
     The following list shows the supported algorithms.  protocol and algorithm are almost
     orthogonal.  Followings are the list of authentication algorithms that can be used as aalgo
     in -A aalgo of protocol parameter:

	   algorithm	   keylen (bits)   comment
	   hmac-md5	   128		   ah: rfc2403
			   128		   ah-old: rfc2085
	   hmac-sha1	   160		   ah: rfc2404
			   160		   ah-old: 128bit ICV (no document)
	   keyed-md5	   128		   ah: 96bit ICV (no document)
			   128		   ah-old: rfc1828
	   keyed-sha1	   160		   ah: 96bit ICV (no document)
			   160		   ah-old: 128bit ICV (no document)
	   null 	   0 to 2048	   for debugging
	   hmac-sha2-256   256		   ah: 96bit ICV (no document)
			   256		   ah-old: 128bit ICV (no document)
	   hmac-sha2-384   384		   ah: 96bit ICV (no document)
			   384		   ah-old: 128bit ICV (no document)
	   hmac-sha2-512   512		   ah: 96bit ICV (no document)
			   512		   ah-old: 128bit ICV (no document)

     Followings are the list of encryption algorithms that can be used as ealgo in -E ealgo of
     protocol parameter:

	   algorithm	   keylen (bits)   comment
	   des-cbc	   64		   esp-old: rfc1829, esp: rfc2405
	   3des-cbc	   192		   rfc2451
	   simple	   0 to 2048	   rfc2410
	   blowfish-cbc    40 to 448	   rfc2451
	   cast128-cbc	   40 to 128	   rfc2451
	   des-deriv	   64		   ipsec-ciph-des-derived-01 (expired)
	   3des-deriv	   192		   no document
	   rijndael-cbc    128/192/256	   draft-ietf-ipsec-ciph-aes-cbc-00

     Followings are the list of compression algorithms that can be used as calgo in -C calgo of
     protocol parameter:

	   algorithm	   comment
	   deflate	   rfc2394
	   lzs		   rfc2395

EXAMPLES
     add     3ffe:501:4819::1 3ffe:501:481d::1 esp 123457
		     -E des-cbc "ESP SA!!" ;

     add     3ffe:501:4819::1 3ffe:501:481d::1 ah 123456
		     -A hmac-sha1 "AH SA configuration!" ;

     add     10.0.11.41 10.0.11.33 esp 0x10001
		     -E des-cbc "ESP with"
		     -A hmac-md5 "authentication!!" ;

     get     3ffe:501:4819::1 3ffe:501:481d::1 ah 123456 ;

     flush ;

     dump esp ;

     spdadd  10.0.11.41/32[21] 10.0.11.33/32[any] any
		     -P out ipsec esp/tunnel/192.168.0.1-192.168.1.2/require ;

RETURN VALUES
     The command exits with 0 on success, and non-zero on errors.

SEE ALSO
     ipsec_set_policy(3), racoon(8), sysctl(8)

HISTORY
     The setkey command first appeared in WIDE Hydrangea IPv6 protocol stack kit.  The command
     was completely re-designed in June 1998.

BSD					November 20, 2000				      BSD
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