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shmget(2) [opendarwin man page]

SHMGET(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual							 SHMGET(2)

NAME
shmget -- get shared memory area identifier SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/ipc.h> #include <sys/shm.h> int shmget(key_t key, int size, int shmflg); DESCRIPTION
shmget() returns the shared memory identifier associated with the key key. A shared memory segment is created if either key is equal to IPC_PRIVATE, or key does not have a shared memory segment identifier associated with it, and the IPC_CREAT bit is set in shmflg. If a new shared memory segment is created, the data structure associated with it (the shmid_ds structure, see shmctl(2)) is initialized as follows: o shm_perm.cuid and shm_perm.uid are set to the effective uid of the calling process. o shm_perm.gid and shm_perm.cgid are set to the effective gid of the calling process. o shm_perm.mode is set to the lower 9 bits of shmflg. o shm_lpid, shm_nattch, shm_atime, and shm_dtime are set to 0 o shm_ctime is set to the current time. o shm_segsz is set to the value of size. RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion a positive shared memory segment identifier is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error. ERRORS
[EACESS] A shared memory segment is already associated with key and the caller has no permission to access it. [EEXIST] Both IPC_CREAT and IPC_EXCL are set in shmflg, and a shared memory segment is already associated with key. [ENOSPC] A new shared memory indentifier could not be created because the system limit for the number of shared memory identifiers has been reached. [ENOENT] IPC_CREAT was not set in shmflg and no shared memory segment associated with key was found. [ENOMEM] There is not enough memory left to created a shared memory segment of the requested size. SEE ALSO
shmctl(2), shmat(2), shmdt(2) BSD
August 17, 1995 BSD

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shmget(2)							   System Calls 							 shmget(2)

NAME
shmget - get shared memory segment identifier SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/ipc.h> #include <sys/shm.h> int shmget(key_t key, size_t size, int shmflg); DESCRIPTION
The shmget() function returns the shared memory identifier associated with key. A shared memory identifier and associated data structure and shared memory segment of at least size bytes (see intro(2)) are created for key if one of the following are true: o The key argument is equal to IPC_PRIVATE. o The key argument does not already have a shared memory identifier associated with it, and (shmflg&IPC_CREAT) is true. Upon creation, the data structure associated with the new shared memory identifier is initialized as follows: o The values of shm_perm.cuid, shm_perm.uid, shm_perm.cgid, and shm_perm.gid are set equal to the effective user ID and effective group ID, respectively, of the calling process. o The access permission bits of shm_perm.mode are set equal to the access permission bits of shmflg. shm_segsz is set equal to the value of size. o The values of shm_lpid, shm_nattch shm_atime, and shm_dtime are set equal to 0. o The shm_ctime is set equal to the current time. Shared memory segments must be explicitly removed after the last reference to them has been removed. RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion, a non-negative integer representing a shared memory identifier is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error. ERRORS
The shmget() function will fail if: EACCES A shared memory identifier exists for key but operation permission (see intro(2)) as specified by the low-order 9 bits of shmflg would not be granted. EEXIST A shared memory identifier exists for key but both (shmflg&IPC_CREAT) and (shmflg&IPC_EXCL) are true. EINVAL The size argument is less than the system-imposed minimum or greater than the system-imposed maximum. See NOTES. A shared memory identifier exists for key but the size of the segment associated with it is less than size and size is not equal to 0. ENOENT A shared memory identifier does not exist for key and (shmflg&IPC_CREAT) is false. ENOMEM A shared memory identifier and associated shared memory segment are to be created but the amount of available memory is not sufficient to fill the request. ENOSPC A shared memory identifier is to be created but the system-imposed limit on the maximum number of allowed shared memory identifiers system-wide would be exceeded. See NOTES. ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Interface Stability |Standard | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ SEE ALSO
rctladm(1M), intro(2), setrctl(2), shmctl(2), shmop(2), ftok(3C), getpagesize(3C), attributes(5), standards(5) NOTES
The project.max-shm-memory resource control restricts the total amount of shared memory a project can allocate. The system-imposed maximum on the size of a shared memory segment is therefore a function of the sizes of any other shared memory segments the calling project might have allocated that are still in use. For accounting purposes, segment sizes are rounded up to the nearest multiple of the system page size. See getpagesize(3C). The system-imposed limit on the number of shared memory identifiers is maintained on a per-project basis using the project.max-shm-ids resource control. See rctladm(1M) and setrctl(2) for information about using resource controls. SunOS 5.10 4 Sep 2003 shmget(2)
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