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OpenDarwin 7.2.1 - man page for sendto (opendarwin section 2)

SEND(2) 			     BSD System Calls Manual				  SEND(2)

NAME
     send, sendto, sendmsg -- send a message from a socket

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/socket.h>

     ssize_t
     send(int s, const void *msg, size_t len, int flags);

     ssize_t
     sendto(int s, const void *msg, size_t len, int flags, const struct sockaddr *to, int tolen);

     ssize_t
     sendmsg(int s, const struct msghdr *msg, int flags);

DESCRIPTION
     Send(), sendto(), and sendmsg() are used to transmit a message to another socket.	Send()
     may be used only when the socket is in a connected state, while sendto() and sendmsg() may
     be used at any time.

     The address of the target is given by to with tolen specifying its size.  The length of the
     message is given by len.  If the message is too long to pass atomically through the underly-
     ing protocol, the error EMSGSIZE is returned, and the message is not transmitted.

     No indication of failure to deliver is implicit in a send().  Locally detected errors are
     indicated by a return value of -1.

     If no messages space is available at the socket to hold the message to be transmitted, then
     send() normally blocks, unless the socket has been placed in non-blocking I/O mode.  The
     select(2) call may be used to determine when it is possible to send more data.

     The flags parameter may include one or more of the following:

     #define MSG_OOB	    0x1  /* process out-of-band data */
     #define MSG_DONTROUTE  0x4  /* bypass routing, use direct interface */

     The flag MSG_OOB is used to send ``out-of-band'' data on sockets that support this notion
     (e.g.  SOCK_STREAM); the underlying protocol must also support ``out-of-band'' data.
     MSG_DONTROUTE is usually used only by diagnostic or routing programs.

     See recv(2) for a description of the msghdr structure.

RETURN VALUES
     The call returns the number of characters sent, or -1 if an error occurred.

ERRORS
     Send(), sendto(), and sendmsg() fail if:

     [EBADF]		An invalid descriptor was specified.

     [ENOTSOCK] 	The argument s is not a socket.

     [EFAULT]		An invalid user space address was specified for a parameter.

     [EMSGSIZE] 	The socket requires that message be sent atomically, and the size of the
			message to be sent made this impossible.

     [EAGAIN]		The socket is marked non-blocking and the requested operation would
			block.

     [ENOBUFS]		The system was unable to allocate an internal buffer.  The operation may
			succeed when buffers become available.

     [ENOBUFS]		The output queue for a network interface was full.  This generally indi-
			cates that the interface has stopped sending, but may be caused by tran-
			sient congestion.

     [EACCES]		The SO_BROADCAST option is not set on the socket, and a broadcast address
			was given as the destination.

     [EHOSTUNREACH]	The destination address specified an unreachable host.

SEE ALSO
     fcntl(2), recv(2), select(2), getsockopt(2), socket(2), write(2)

HISTORY
     The send() function call appeared in 4.2BSD.

4.2 Berkeley Distribution		February 21, 1994		4.2 Berkeley Distribution


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