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connect(2) [opendarwin man page]

CONNECT(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual							CONNECT(2)

NAME
connect -- initiate a connection on a socket SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/socket.h> int connect(int s, const struct sockaddr *name, int namelen); DESCRIPTION
The parameter s is a socket. If it is of type SOCK_DGRAM, this call specifies the peer with which the socket is to be associated; this address is that to which datagrams are to be sent, and the only address from which datagrams are to be received. If the socket is of type SOCK_STREAM, this call attempts to make a connection to another socket. The other socket is specified by name, which is an address in the communications space of the socket. Each communications space interprets the name parameter in its own way. Generally, stream sockets may successfully connect() only once; datagram sockets may use connect() multiple times to change their association. Datagram sockets may dis- solve the association by connecting to an invalid address, such as a null address or an address with the address family set to AF_UNPSEC (the error EAFNOSUPPORT will be harmlessly returned). RETURN VALUES
If the connection or binding succeeds, 0 is returned. Otherwise a -1 is returned, and a more specific error code is stored in errno. ERRORS
The connect() call fails if: [EBADF] S is not a valid descriptor. [ENOTSOCK] S is a descriptor for a file, not a socket. [EADDRNOTAVAIL] The specified address is not available on this machine. [EAFNOSUPPORT] Addresses in the specified address family cannot be used with this socket. [EISCONN] The socket is already connected. [ETIMEDOUT] Connection establishment timed out without establishing a connection. [ECONNREFUSED] The attempt to connect was forcefully rejected. [ENETUNREACH] The network isn't reachable from this host. [EADDRINUSE] The address is already in use. [EFAULT] The name parameter specifies an area outside the process address space. [EINPROGRESS] The socket is non-blocking and the connection cannot be completed immediately. It is possible to select(2) for completion by selecting the socket for writing. [EALREADY] The socket is non-blocking and a previous connection attempt has not yet been completed. The following errors are specific to connecting names in the UNIX domain. These errors may not apply in future versions of the UNIX IPC domain. [ENOTDIR] A component of the path prefix is not a directory. [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} characters, or an entire path name exceeded {PATH_MAX} characters. [ENOENT] The named socket does not exist. [EACCES] Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix. [EACCES] Write access to the named socket is denied. [ELOOP] Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname. SEE ALSO
accept(2), select(2), socket(2), getsockname(2) HISTORY
The connect() function call appeared in 4.2BSD. 4.2 Berkeley Distribution June 4, 1993 4.2 Berkeley Distribution

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connect(2)							System Calls Manual							connect(2)

Name
       connect - initiate a connection on a socket

Syntax
       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <sys/socket.h>

       connect(s, name, namelen)
       int s;
       struct sockaddr *name;
       int namelen;

Description
       The  call  initiates  a	connection  on a socket.  The parameter s is a socket.	If the socket is of type SOCK_DGRAM, this call permanently
       specifies the peer to which datagrams are sent.	If it is of type SOCK_STREAM, this call attempts to make a connection to  another  socket.
       The other socket is specified by name, which is an address in the communications space of the socket.  Each communications space interprets
       the name parameter in its own way.  The size of the structure sockaddr is namelen.

Return Values
       If the connection or binding succeeds, then 0 is returned.  Otherwise, a -1 is returned, and a more specific error code is stored in errno.

Diagnostics
       The call fails under the following conditions:

       [EBADF]	      The s is not a valid descriptor.

       [ENOTSOCK]     The s is a descriptor for a file, not a socket.

       [EADDRNOTAVAIL]
		      The specified address is not available on this machine.

       [EAFNOSUPPORT] Addresses in the specified address family cannot be used with this socket.

       [EINPROGRESS]  The connection is requested on a socket with FNDELAY set (using

       [EISCONN]      The socket is already connected.

       [ETIMEDOUT]    Connection establishment timed out without establishing a connection.

       [ECONNREFUSED] The attempt to connect was forcefully rejected.

       [ENETUNREACH]  The network is not reachable from this host.

       [EADDRINUSE]   The address is already in use.

       [EFAULT]       The name parameter specifies an area outside the process address space.

       [EWOULDBLOCK]  The socket is nonblocking, and the connection cannot be completed immediately.  You can select the  socket  for  writing	by
		      using the system call while it is connecting.

       The following errors are specific to connecting names in the ULTRIX domain:

       [ENOTDIR]      A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

       [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an entire path name exceeded 1023 characters.

       [ENOENT]       The named socket does not exist.

       [EACCES]       Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix.

       [ELOOP]	      Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname.

See Also
       accept(2), fcntl(2), getsockname(2), select(2), shutdown(2), socket(2)

																	connect(2)
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