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OpenDarwin 7.2.1 - man page for bind (opendarwin section 2)

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BIND(2) 			     BSD System Calls Manual				  BIND(2)

NAME
     bind -- bind a name to a socket

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/socket.h>

     int
     bind(int s, const struct sockaddr *name, int namelen);

DESCRIPTION
     Bind() assigns a name to an unnamed socket.  When a socket is created with socket(2) it
     exists in a name space (address family) but has no name assigned.	Bind() requests that name
     be assigned to the socket.

NOTES
     Binding a name in the UNIX domain creates a socket in the file system that must be deleted
     by the caller when it is no longer needed (using unlink(2)).

     The rules used in name binding vary between communication domains.  Consult the manual
     entries in section 4 for detailed information.

RETURN VALUES
     If the bind is successful, a 0 value is returned.	A return value of -1 indicates an error,
     which is further specified in the global errno.

ERRORS
     The bind() call will fail if:

     [EBADF]		S is not a valid descriptor.

     [ENOTSOCK] 	S is not a socket.

     [EADDRNOTAVAIL]	The specified address is not available from the local machine.

     [EADDRINUSE]	The specified address is already in use.

     [EINVAL]		The socket is already bound to an address.

     [EACCES]		The requested address is protected, and the current user has inadequate
			permission to access it.

     [EFAULT]		The name parameter is not in a valid part of the user address space.

     The following errors are specific to binding names in the UNIX domain.

     [ENOTDIR]		A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]	A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} characters, or an entire
			path name exceeded {PATH_MAX} characters.

     [ENOENT]		A prefix component of the path name does not exist.

     [ELOOP]		Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname.

     [EIO]		An I/O error occurred while making the directory entry or allocating the
			inode.

     [EROFS]		The name would reside on a read-only file system.

     [EISDIR]		An empty pathname was specified.

SEE ALSO
     connect(2), listen(2), socket(2), getsockname(2)

HISTORY
     The bind() function call appeared in 4.2BSD.

4.2 Berkeley Distribution		   June 4, 1993 		4.2 Berkeley Distribution
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