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OpenDarwin 7.2.1 - man page for tic (opendarwin section 1M)

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tic(1M) 										  tic(1M)

NAME
       tic - the terminfo entry-description compiler

SYNOPSIS
       tic [-1CINRTVacfrsx] [-e names] [-o dir] [-v[n]] [-w[n]] file

DESCRIPTION
       The  command  tic translates a terminfo file from source format into compiled format.  The
       compiled format is necessary for use with the library routines in ncurses(3X).

       The results are normally placed in  the	system	terminfo  directory  /usr/share/terminfo.
       There are two ways to change this behavior.

       First,  you may override the system default by setting the variable TERMINFO in your shell
       environment to a valid (existing) directory name.

       Secondly, if tic cannot get access to /usr/share/terminfo or your TERMINFO  directory,  it
       looks  for  the	directory  $HOME/.terminfo; if that directory exists, the entry is placed
       there.

       Libraries that read terminfo entries are expected to check for a TERMINFO directory first,
       look at $HOME/.terminfo if TERMINFO is not set, and finally look in /usr/share/terminfo.

       -a     tells  tic to retain commented-out capabilities rather than discarding them.  Capa-
	      bilities are commented by prefixing them with a period.  This sets the  -x  option,
	      because it treats the commented-out entries as user-defined names.

       -c     tells  tic  to  only  check  file for errors, including syntax problems and bad use
	      links.  If you specify -C (-I) with this option, the code will print warnings about
	      entries  which, after use resolution, are more than 1023(4096) bytes long.  Due to
	      a fixed buffer length in older termcap libraries (and a documented  limit  in  ter-
	      minfo), these entries may cause core dumps.

       -vn    specifies  that  (verbose)  output  be  written to standard error trace information
	      showing tic's progress.  The optional integer n is a number from 1  to  10,  inclu-
	      sive,  indicating the desired level of detail of information.  If n is omitted, the
	      default level is 1.  If n is specified and greater than 1, the level of  detail  is
	      increased.

       -odir  Write  compiled  entries	to  given  directory.  Overrides the TERMINFO environment
	      variable.

       -wn    specifies the width of the output.

       -1     restricts the output to a single column

       -C     Force source translation to termcap format.  Note: this differs from the -C  option
	      of  infocmp(1M)  in  that  it  does not merely translate capability names, but also
	      translates terminfo strings to termcap format.  Capabilities that are not translat-
	      able  are  left  in the entry under their terminfo names but commented out with two
	      preceding dots.

       -G     Display constant literals in decimal form rather than their character equivalents.

       -I     Force source translation to terminfo format.

       -L     Force source translation to terminfo format using the long C variable names  listed
	      in <term.h>

       -N     Disable  smart  defaults.  Normally, when translating from termcap to terminfo, the
	      compiler makes a number of assumptions about the defaults  of  string  capabilities
	      reset1_string, carriage_return, cursor_left, cursor_down, scroll_forward, tab, new-
	      line, key_backspace, key_left, and key_down, then attempts to use obsolete  termcap
	      capabilities to deduce correct values.  It also normally suppresses output of obso-
	      lete termcap capabilities such as bs.  This option forces a more	literal  transla-
	      tion that also preserves the obsolete capabilities.

       -Rsubset
	      Restrict output to a given subset.  This option is for use with archaic versions of
	      terminfo like those on SVr1, Ultrix, or HP/UX that don't support the  full  set  of
	      SVR4/XSI	Curses	terminfo;  and outright broken ports like AIX 3.x that have their
	      own extensions incompatible with SVr4/XSI.  Available subsets are "SVr1", "Ultrix",
	      "HP", "BSD" and "AIX"; see terminfo(5) for details.

       -T     eliminates  size-restrictions  on  the  generated  text.	This is mainly useful for
	      testing and analysis, since the compiled descriptions are limited (e.g.,	1023  for
	      termcap, 4096 for terminfo).

       -V     reports the version of ncurses which was used in this program, and exits.

       -r     Force  entry resolution (so there are no remaining tc capabilities) even when doing
	      translation to termcap format.  This may be needed if you are preparing  a  termcap
	      file for a termcap library (such as GNU termcap up to version 1.3 or BSD termcap up
	      to 4.3BSD) that doesn't handle multiple tc capabilities per entry.

       -e     Limit writes and translations to the following comma-separated list  of  terminals.
	      If  any name or alias of a terminal matches one of the names in the list, the entry
	      will be written or translated as normal.	Otherwise no output will be generated for
	      it.  The option value is interpreted as a file containing the list if it contains a
	      '/'.  (Note: depending on how tic was compiled, this option may require -I or -C.)

       -f     Display complex  terminfo  strings  which  contain  if/then/else/endif  expressions
	      indented for readability.

       -g     Display constant character literals in quoted form rather than their decimal equiv-
	      alents.

       -s     Summarize the compile by showing the directory into which entries are written,  and
	      the number of entries which are compiled.

       -x     Treat  unknown  capabilities  as user-defined.  That is, if you supply a capability
	      name which tic does not recognize, it will  infer  its  type  (boolean,  number  or
	      string) from the syntax and make an extended table entry for that.

       file   contains	one  or  more  terminfo  terminal descriptions in source format [see ter-
	      minfo(5)].  Each description in the file describes the capabilities of a particular
	      terminal.

       The debug flag levels are as follows:

       1      Names of files created and linked

       2      Information related to the ``use'' facility

       3      Statistics from the hashing algorithm

       5      String-table memory allocations

       7      Entries into the string-table

       8      List of tokens encountered by scanner

       9      All values computed in construction of the hash table

       If n is not given, it is taken to be one.

       All  but  one  of  the  capabilities recognized by tic are documented in terminfo(5).  The
       exception is the use capability.

       When a use=entry-name field is discovered in a terminal entry  currently  being	compiled,
       tic  reads in the binary from /usr/share/terminfo to complete the entry.  (Entries created
       from file will be used first.  If the environment variable TERMINFO is set, that directory
       is  searched  instead  of /usr/share/terminfo.)	tic duplicates the capabilities in entry-
       name for the current entry, with the exception of those capabilities that  explicitly  are
       defined in the current entry.

       When  an  entry, e.g., entry_name_1, contains a use=entry_name_2 field, any canceled capa-
       bilities in entry_name_2 must also appear in entry_name_1 before use= for these	capabili-
       ties to be canceled in entry_name_1.

       If the environment variable TERMINFO is set, the compiled results are placed there instead
       of /usr/share/terminfo.

       Total compiled entries cannot exceed 4096 bytes.  The name field cannot exceed 512  bytes.
       Terminal  names	exceeding  the	maximum  alias length (32 characters on systems with long
       filenames, 14 characters otherwise) will be truncated to the maximum alias  length  and	a
       warning message will be printed.

COMPATIBILITY
       There  is  some evidence that historic tic implementations treated description fields with
       no whitespace in them as additional aliases or short names.  This tic does  not	do  that,
       but  it	does warn when description fields may be treated that way and check them for dan-
       gerous characters.

EXTENSIONS
       Unlike the stock SVr4 tic  command,  this  implementation  can  actually  compile  termcap
       sources.   In fact, entries in terminfo and termcap syntax can be mixed in a single source
       file.  See terminfo(5) for the list of termcap names taken to be  equivalent  to  terminfo
       names.

       The  SVr4  manual  pages are not clear on the resolution rules for use capabilities.  This
       implementation of tic will find use targets anywhere in the source file,  or  anywhere  in
       the  file  tree	rooted at TERMINFO (if TERMINFO is defined), or in the user's $HOME/.ter-
       minfo directory (if it exists), or (finally) anywhere in the system's file  tree  of  com-
       piled entries.

       The  error messages from this tic have the same format as GNU C error messages, and can be
       parsed by GNU Emacs's compile facility.

       The -C, -G, -I, -N, -R, -T, -V, -a, -e, -f, -g, -o, -r, -s and -x  options  are	not  sup-
       ported under SVr4.  The SVr4 -c mode does not report bad use links.

       System  V  does not compile entries to or read entries from your $HOME/.terminfo directory
       unless TERMINFO is explicitly set to it.

FILES
       /usr/share/terminfo/?/*
	    Compiled terminal description database.

SEE ALSO
       infocmp(1M), captoinfo(1M), infotocap(1M), toe(1M), curses(3X), terminfo(5).

											  tic(1M)
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