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OpenDarwin 7.2.1 - man page for test (opendarwin section 1)

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TEST(1) 			   BSD General Commands Manual				  TEST(1)

NAME
     test, [ -- condition evaluation utility

SYNOPSIS
     test expression
     [ expression ]

DESCRIPTION
     The test utility evaluates the expression and, if it evaluates to true, returns a zero
     (true) exit status; otherwise it returns 1 (false).  If there is no expression, test also
     returns 1 (false).

     All operators and flags are separate arguments to the test utility.

     The following primaries are used to construct expression:

     -b file	   True if file exists and is a block special file.

     -c file	   True if file exists and is a character special file.

     -d file	   True if file exists and is a directory.

     -e file	   True if file exists (regardless of type).

     -f file	   True if file exists and is a regular file.

     -g file	   True if file exists and its set group ID flag is set.

     -h file	   True if file exists and is a symbolic link.	This operator is retained for
		   compatibility with previous versions of this program.  Do not rely on its
		   existence; use -L instead.

     -k file	   True if file exists and its sticky bit is set.

     -n string	   True if the length of string is nonzero.

     -p file	   True if file is a named pipe (FIFO).

     -r file	   True if file exists and is readable.

     -s file	   True if file exists and has a size greater than zero.

     -t file_descriptor
		   True if the file whose file descriptor number is file_descriptor is open and
		   is associated with a terminal.

     -u file	   True if file exists and its set user ID flag is set.

     -w file	   True if file exists and is writable.  True indicates only that the write flag
		   is on.  The file is not writable on a read-only file system even if this test
		   indicates true.

     -x file	   True if file exists and is executable.  True indicates only that the execute
		   flag is on.	If file is a directory, true indicates that file can be searched.

     -z string	   True if the length of string is zero.

     -L file	   True if file exists and is a symbolic link.

     -O file	   True if file exists and its owner matches the effective user id of this
		   process.

     -G file	   True if file exists and its group matches the effective group id of this
		   process.

     -S file	   True if file exists and is a socket.

     file1 -nt file2
		   True if file1 exists and is newer than file2.

     file1 -ot file2
		   True if file1 exists and is older than file2.

     file1 -ef file2
		   True if file1 and file2 exist and refer to the same file.

     string	   True if string is not the null string.

     s1 = s2	   True if the strings s1 and s2 are identical.

     s1 != s2	   True if the strings s1 and s2 are not identical.

     s1 < s2	   True if string s1 comes before s2 based on the ASCII value of their charac-
		   ters.

     s1 > s2	   True if string s1 comes after s2 based on the ASCII value of their characters.

     s1 	   True if s1 is not the null string.

     n1 -eq n2	   True if the integers n1 and n2 are algebraically equal.

     n1 -ne n2	   True if the integers n1 and n2 are not algebraically equal.

     n1 -gt n2	   True if the integer n1 is algebraically greater than the integer n2.

     n1 -ge n2	   True if the integer n1 is algebraically greater than or equal to the integer
		   n2.

     n1 -lt n2	   True if the integer n1 is algebraically less than the integer n2.

     n1 -le n2	   True if the integer n1 is algebraically less than or equal to the integer n2.

     These primaries can be combined with the following operators:

     ! expression  True if expression is false.

     expression1 -a expression2
		   True if both expression1 and expression2 are true.

     expression1 -o expression2
		   True if either expression1 or expression2 are true.

     (expression)  True if expression is true.

     The -a operator has higher precedence than the -o operator.

     Some shells may provide a builtin test command which is similar or identical to this util-
     ity.  Consult the builtin(1) manual page.

GRAMMAR AMBIGUITY
     The test grammar is inherently ambiguous.	In order to assure a degree of consistency, the
     cases described in the IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2''), section D11.2/4.62.4, standard are
     evaluated consistently according to the rules specified in the standards document.  All
     other cases are subject to the ambiguity in the command semantics.

RETURN VALUES
     The test utility exits with one of the following values:

     0	     expression evaluated to true.

     1	     expression evaluated to false or expression was missing.

     >1      An error occurred.

SEE ALSO
     builtin(1), expr(1), sh(1)

STANDARDS
     The test utility implements a superset of the IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'') specification.

BSD					   May 31, 1993 				      BSD
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